Cerrar

No. de sistema: 000039497

LDR _ _ 00000nab^^22^^^^^za^4500
008 _ _ 180605m20179999xx^^r^p^^^^^^z0^^^a0eng^d
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
043 _ _ a| n-mx-cp
044 _ _ a| xx
245 0 0 a| Explosive eruption of El Chichón volcano (Mexico) disrupted 6th century Maya civilization and contributed to global cooling
520 1 _ a| A remarkably long period of Northern Hemispheric cooling in the 6th century CE, which disrupted human societies across large parts of the globe, has been attributed to volcanic forcing of climate. A major tropical eruption in 540 CE is thought to have played a key role, but there is no consensus about the source volcano to date. Here, we present evidence for El Chichón in southern Mexico as the most likely candidate, based on a refined reconstruction of the volcano’s eruption history. A new chronological framework, derived from distal tephra deposits and the world’s largest Holocene beach ridge plain along the Gulf of Mexico, enabled us to positively link a major explosive event to a prominent volcanic sulfur spike in bipolar ice core records, dated at 540 CE. We speculate that voluminous tephra fall from the eruption had a severe environmental impact on Maya societies, leading to temporary cultural decline, site abandonment, and migration within the core area of Maya civilization.
650 _ 4 a| Erupciones volcánicas
650 _ 4 a| Cambio climático
650 _ 4 a| Impacto ambiental
650 _ 4 a| Migración
651 _ 4 a| Volcán Chichonal (Chiapas, México)
700 1 _ a| Nooren, Kees
700 1 _ a| Hoek, Wim Z.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| van der Plicht, Hans
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Sigl, Michael
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| van Bergen, Manfred J.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Galop, Didier
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Torrescano Valle, Nuria
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Islebe, Gerald A.
c| Doctor
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Huizinga, Annika
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Winkels, Tim
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Middelkoop, Hans
e| coaut.
773 0 _
t| Geology
g| Vol. 45, no. 2 (February 2017), p. 175-178
x| 0091-7613
900 _ _ a| Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
901 _ _ a| Artículo con arbitraje
902 _ _ a| GOG / MM
904 _ _ a| Junio 2018
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Artfrosur
905 _ _ a| Desastres
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
906 _ _ a| Producción Académica ECOSUR
LNG eng
Cerrar
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Explosive eruption of El Chichón volcano (Mexico) disrupted 6th century Maya civilization and contributed to global cooling
Nooren, Kees (autor)
Hoek, Wim Z. (autor)
van der Plicht, Hans (autor)
Sigl, Michael (autor)
van Bergen, Manfred J. (autor)
Galop, Didier (autor)
Torrescano Valle, Nuria (autor)
Islebe, Gerald A. (autor)
Huizinga, Annika (autor)
Winkels, Tim (autor)
Middelkoop, Hans (autor)
Contenido en: Geology. Vol. 45, no. 2 (February 2017), p. 175-178. ISSN: 0091-7613
No. de sistema: 39497
Tipo: - Artículo con arbitraje
  • Consulta (1)




Inglés

"A remarkably long period of Northern Hemispheric cooling in the 6th century CE, which disrupted human societies across large parts of the globe, has been attributed to volcanic forcing of climate. A major tropical eruption in 540 CE is thought to have played a key role, but there is no consensus about the source volcano to date. Here, we present evidence for El Chichón in southern Mexico as the most likely candidate, based on a refined reconstruction of the volcano’s eruption history. A new chronological framework, derived from distal tephra deposits and the world’s largest Holocene beach ridge plain along the Gulf of Mexico, enabled us to positively link a major explosive event to a prominent volcanic sulfur spike in bipolar ice core records, dated at 540 CE. We speculate that voluminous tephra fall from the eruption had a severe environmental impact on Maya societies, leading to temporary cultural decline, site abandonment, and migration within the core area of Maya civilization."