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No. de sistema: 000059983

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040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
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245 0 0 a| Spatial assessment of the vulnerability of benthic communities to multiple stressors in the Yucatan Continental Shelf, Gulf of Mexico
506 _ _ a| Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
520 1 _ a| Here, we show a spatially explicit assessment of the vulnerability of benthic communities from the Yucatan Continental Shelf (YCS) to multiple pressures: fishing activities, shipping traffic, storms and hurricanes, and marine acidification. The vulnerability index was obtained by combining benthic biological traits with exposure and sensitivity and recovery capacity; this was then represented in a spatially explicit model. Moreover, we estimated a cumulative vulnerability index using three different scenarios that were based on 1) equal weight for each vulnerability layer to each stressor, 2) results of expert consultation and 3) a linear reduction in the weight of the pressures. By comparing scenarios, the synergistic and antagonistic effects of the multiple stressors were determined. The main results showed that, independent of the considered scenario, approximately 90% of the YCS presented moderate to high vulnerability to cumulative pressures, while areas with high recovery and high potential impact on a particular stressor showed low or moderate vulnerability to the pressures. Meanwhile, areas classified as having medium impact levels and low recovery capacities of benthic fauna showed moderateto high vulnerability to the same threats. Our findings also showed that ship traffic and marine acidification were the threats that contributed to the greatest vulnerability. The paired comparison of scenarios allows for the identification of areas with higher probabilities of synergistic effects. No antagonistic effects were detected. Overall, our results constitute the first effort to understand the ecological status of the benthic communities of the YCS and their potential vulnerability to the multiple pressures they face.
650 _ 4 a| Bentos
650 _ 4 a| Vulnerabilidad biológica
650 _ 4 a| Estresores ambientales
650 _ 4 a| Conducta espacial
651 _ 4 a| Yucatán (México)
651 _ 4 a| Golfo de México
700 1 _ a| Ocaña Borrego, Frank Alberto
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Pech Pool, Daniel Guadalupe
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Simões, Nuno
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Hernández Avila, Iván
e| autor
773 0 _
t| Ocean and Coastal Management
g| Vol. 181, article number 104900 (November 2019), p. 1-9
x| 0964-5691
900 _ _ a| Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
902 _ _ a| BG / MM
904 _ _ a| Marzo 2020
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
LNG eng
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*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Spatial assessment of the vulnerability of benthic communities to multiple stressors in the Yucatan Continental Shelf, Gulf of Mexico
Ocaña Borrego, Frank Alberto (autor)
Pech Pool, Daniel Guadalupe (autor)
Simões, Nuno (autor)
Hernández Avila, Iván (autor)
Nota: Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
Contenido en: Ocean and Coastal Management. Vol. 181, article number 104900 (November 2019), p. 1-9. ISSN: 0964-5691
No. de sistema: 59983
Tipo: Artículo
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Inglés

"Here, we show a spatially explicit assessment of the vulnerability of benthic communities from the Yucatan Continental Shelf (YCS) to multiple pressures: fishing activities, shipping traffic, storms and hurricanes, and marine acidification. The vulnerability index was obtained by combining benthic biological traits with exposure and sensitivity and recovery capacity; this was then represented in a spatially explicit model. Moreover, we estimated a cumulative vulnerability index using three different scenarios that were based on 1) equal weight for each vulnerability layer to each stressor, 2) results of expert consultation and 3) a linear reduction in the weight of the pressures. By comparing scenarios, the synergistic and antagonistic effects of the multiple stressors were determined. The main results showed that, independent of the considered scenario, approximately 90% of the YCS presented moderate to high vulnerability to cumulative pressures, while areas with high recovery and high potential impact on a particular stressor showed low or moderate vulnerability to the pressures. Meanwhile, areas classified as having medium impact levels and low recovery capacities of benthic fauna showed moderateto high vulnerability to the same threats. Our findings also showed that ship traffic and marine acidification were the threats that contributed to the greatest vulnerability. The paired comparison of scenarios allows for the identification of areas with higher probabilities of synergistic effects. No antagonistic effects were detected. Overall, our results constitute the first effort to understand the ecological status of the benthic communities of the YCS and their potential vulnerability to the multiple pressures they face."