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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Kinnaird, Margaret
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1.
Artículo
Pangolins in global camera trap data: implications for ecological monitoring
Khwaja, Hannah (autora) ; Buchan, Claire (autora) ; Wearn, Oliver R. (autor) ; Bahaa el din, Laila (autora) ; Bantlin, Drew (autor) ; Bernard, Henry (autor) ; Bitariho, Robert (autor) ; Van der Weyde, Leanne K. (autora) ; Bohm, Torsten (autor) ; Borah, Jimmy (autor) ; Brodie, Jedediah (autor) ; Chutipong, Wanlop (autor) ; Preez, Byron du (autor) ; Ebang Mbele, Alex (autor) ; Edwards, Sarah (autora) ; Fairet, Emilie (autora) ; Frechette, Jackson L. (autor) ; Garside, Adrian (autor) ; Gibson, Luke (autor) ; Giordano, Anthony (autor) ; Veeraswami Gopi, Govindan (autor) ; Granados, Alys (autora) ; Gubbi, Sanjay (autor) ; Harich, Franziska (autora) ; Haurez, Barbara (autora) ; Havmøller, Rasmus W. (autor) ; Helmy, Olga (autora) ; Isbell, Lynne A. (autora) ; Jenks, Kate (autora) ; Kalle, Riddhika (autora) ; Kamjing, Anucha (autor) ; Khamcha, Daphawan (autora) ; Kiebou Opepa, Cisquet (autor) ; Kinnaird, Margaret (autora) ; Kruger, Caroline (autora) ; Laudisoit, Anne (autora) ; Lynam, Antony (autor) ; Macdonald, Suzanne E. (autora) ; Mathai, John (autor) ; Metsio Sienne, Julia (autora) ; Meier, Amelia (autora) ; Mills, David (autor) ; Mohd Azlan, Jayasilan (autor) ; Nakashima, Yoshihiro (autor) ; Nash, Helen C. (autora) ; Ngoprasert, Dusit (autor) ; Nguyen, An (autora) ; O’Brien, Tim (autor) ; Olson, David (autor) ; Orbell, Christopher (autor) ; Poulsen, John (autor) ; Ramesh, Tharmalingam (autor) ; Reeder, DeeAnn (autora) ; Reyna Hurtado, Rafael Ángel (autor) ; Rich, Lindsey N. (autora) ; Rode Margono, Johanna (autora) ; Rovero, Francesco (autor) ; Sheil, Douglas (autor) ; Shirley, Matthew H. (autor) ; Stratford, Ken (autor) ; Sukumal, Niti (autor) ; Suwanrat, Saranphat (autora) ; Tantipisanuh, Naruemon (autora) ; Tilker, Andrew (autor) ; Van Berkel, Tim (autor) ; Van der Weyde, Leanne K. (autora) ; Varney, Matthew (autor) ; Weise, Florian (autora) ; Wiesel, Ingrid (autora) ; Wilting, Andreas (autora) ; Wong, Seth T. (autor) ; Waterman, Carly (autora) ; Challender, Daniel W. S. (autor) ;
Contenido en: Global Ecology and Conservation Vol. 20, e00769 (2019), p. 1-14 ISSN: 2351-9894
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Despite being heavily exploited, pangolins (Pholidota: Manidae) have been subject tolimited research, resulting in a lack of reliable population estimates and standardised survey methods for the eight extant species. Camera trapping represents a unique opportunity for broad-scale collaborative species monitoring due to its largely nondiscriminatory nature, which creates considerable volumes of data on a relatively widerange of species. This has the potential to shed light on the ecology of rare, cryptic and understudied taxa, with implications for conservation decision-making. We undertook aglobal analysis of available pangolin data from camera trapping studies across their rangein Africa and Asia. Our aims were (1) to assess the utility of existing camera trapping efforts as a method for monitoring pangolin populations, and (2) to gain insights into the distribution and ecology of pangolins. We analysed data collated from 103 camera trap surveys undertaken across 22 countries that fell within the range of seven of the eight pangolin species, which yielded more than half a million trap nights and 888 pangolin encounters. We ran occupancy analyses on three species (Sunda pangolin Manis javanica, white-bellied pangolin Phataginus tricuspisand giant pangolin Smutsia gigantea).

Detection probabilities varied with forest cover and levels of human influence for P. tricuspis, but were low (<0.05) for all species. Occupancy was associated with distance from rivers for M. javanica and S. gigantea, elevation for P. tricuspis and S. gigantea, forest cover forP. tricuspisand protected area status for M. javanica and P. tricuspis. We conclude that camera traps are suitable for the detection of pangolins and large-scale assessment of their distributions. However, the trapping effort required to monitor populations at any given study site using existing methods appears prohibitively high. This may change in the future should anticipated technological and methodological advances in camera trapping facilitate greater sampling efforts and/or higher probabilities of detection. In particular, targeted camera placement for pangolins is likely to make pangolin monitoring more feasible with moderate sampling efforts.


2.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Deforestation trends in a tropical landscape and implications for endangered large mammals
Kinnaird, Margaret F. ; Sanderson, Eric W. (coaut.) ; O'brien, Timothy G. (coaut.) ; Wibisono, Hariyo T. (coaut.) ; Woolmer, Gillian (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Conservation Biology Vol. 17 no. 1 (February 2003), p. 245-257 ISSN: 0888-8892
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
B8980 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

The remarkable large-mammal fauna of the Indonesian island of Sumatra is one of the most endangered on Earth and is threatened by rampant deforestation. We used remote sensing and biological surveys to study the effects of deforestation on populations of endangered large mammals in a Sumatran landscape. We measured forest loss and created a predictive model of deforestation for Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park and an unprotected buffer area based on satellite images between 1985 and 1999. We used automatic cameras to determine the distribution and relative abundance of tigers ( Panthera tigris sumatrae ), elephants ( Elephas maximus ), rhinoceros ( Dicerorhinus sumatrensis ), and tapirs ( Tapir indicus ). Between 1985 and 1999, forest loss within the park averaged 2% per year. A total of 661 km 2 of forest disappeared inside the park, and 318 km 2 were lost in a 10-km buffer, eliminating forest outside the park. Lowland forest disappeared faster than hill/montane forest ( by a factor of 6 ) and forests on gentle slopes disappeared faster than forests on steep slopes ( by a factor of 16 )

Most forest conversion resulted from agricultural development, leading to predictions that by 2010 70% of the park will be in agriculture and that by 2036 lowland forest habitat will be eliminated. Camera-trap data indicated avoidance of forest boundaries by tigers, rhinoceroses ( up to 2 km ), and elephants ( up to 3 km ). Classification of forest into core and peripheral forest based on mammal distribution suggests that, by 2010, core forest area for tigers and rhinoceros will be fragmented and reduced to 20% of remaining forest. Core forest area for elephants will be reduced to 0.5% of remaining forest. Halting forest loss has proven one of the most difficult and complex problems faced by Indonesia's conservation agencies today and will require a mix of enforcement, wise land-use strategies, increased education, capacity to manage, and new financing mechanisms