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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Mugume, Sam
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1.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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How do human activities influence the status and distribution of terrestrial mammals in forest reserves?
Mugume, Sam ; Isabirye Basuta, Gilbert (coaut.) ; Otali, Emily (coaut.) ; Reyna Hurtado, Rafael Ángel (coaut.) ; Chapman, Colin A. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Journal of Mammalogy Vol. 96, no. 5 (2015), p. 998-1004 ISSN: 1545-1542
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Tropical forests support a rich biodiversity of terrestrial mammals, yet our knowledge of the conservation of forest reserves is lacking. We investigate the relationship between human activities and the abundance of mediumsized terrestrial mammals within 4 forest reserves in Uganda. These reserves allow firewood collection, timber cutting, gardening, and pole cutting. Illegal hunting also takes place. We found a general decline in terrestrial mammal signs in the reserves compared to the better protected adjacent Kibale National Park. Signs of aardvarks, bushbucks, bush pigs, duikers (blue and red), giant pangolin, giant forest hogs, porcupines, and jackals are still present in some of our reserves.


2.
- Capítulo de libro con arbitraje
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Forest-dwelling mammals such as primates could be particularly vulnerable to habitat fragmentation; however, the defi nition and quantifi cation of fragmentation have varied considerably among studies. This has resulted in contradictions and thus results are diffi cult to interpret and compare. To encourage a consistent and more precise use of the term “habitat fragmentation,” we reviewed 100 fragmentation studies on primates to quantify how fragmentation effects are assessed. We advocate that habitat fragmentation is a landscape-scale process that involves both loss and the breaking apart of habitat. Hence, independently analyzing both effects is necessary to assess the effects of the breaking apart of habitat while controlling for habitat loss (fragmentation per se). This needs to be done through landscape- scale studies (that is, using landscapes as the independent unit of observation); however, fragmentation studies on primates are typically at the single fragment scale, often with a single continuous forest used for comparison. We suggest that primate responses at the fragment scale can vary dramatically in landscapes with different habitat amounts and confi gurations. In this review we provide clear and consistent terminology to help future studies to accurately assess the effects of fragmentation on primates and to help to form a body of literature where comparisons among studies are possible?.