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14 resultados encontrados para: TEMA: Hongos tropicales
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1.
- Capítulo de libro con arbitraje
Importance and potential of tropical mushrooms
Royse, Daniel J. ;
Contenido en: Updates on tropical mushrooms. Basic and applied research San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México: El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, 2018 página 17-22 ISBN:978-607-8429-60-8
PDF
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The region between the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere (23.4 °N) and the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere (23.4 °S) is defined as the tropics. The tropics encompass the largest range of climates and habitats on earth. Most of the ecological conditions present in the world can be found at climatic convergences of altitude and latitude in the tropics. Thus, significant areas of biodiversity are found in rainforests, dry deciduous forests, spiny forests, desert and other habitat types. Fungi have significant functions in ecosystems and are found in all kinds of environments. The many ecological and functional attributes of fungi are reflected in their great variety of forms and physiological and biochemical properties. Recent estimates of the number of fungi that exist on the earth are as many as 5.1 million species. It is estimated that fungi outnumber plants by at least 6 to 1. The significance of fungi for mankind has a long history. Fungi have been exploited in fermentation processes for thousands of years and mushrooms are known to possess pharmaceutical properties that are of major benefit to human health. It is thought that medicinal mushrooms and fungi produce over 125 medicinal functions. In the future, it is expected that additional medicinal substances and drugs may be found in, as yet, unidentified tropical mushrooms. Finally, an increasing number of edible and medicinal mushrooms of tropical origin are being commercially cultivated for food, dietary supplements and for medicine.


2.
- Capítulo de libro con arbitraje
Tropical species of agaricus
Callac, Philippe ; Chen, Jie (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Updates on tropical mushrooms. Basic and applied research San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México: El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, 2018 página 25-38 ISBN:978-607-8429-60-8
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Agaricus is a large genus of mushrooms including species of nutritional and medicinal interest. With research programs developed over the last decade, a larger diversity of Agaricus came to light. The present review focuses on tropical species of Agaricus and their classification, including a discussion of the definition of tropical species, a brief history of the taxonomic system of classification since 2000, an updated presentation of the revised system including its recent emendation, and the distribution of tropical species in the subgenera and sections of the current system. Tropical species of interest and methods to identify tropical species of Agaricus are also introduced. The new classification system should facilitate studies of tropical Agaricus; however, more investigations in unexplored areas are necessary to complete the classification system and to clarify the evolutionary history of the genus in which climate and geography seem to have been the main factors of diversificat ion.


3.
- Libro con arbitraje
Updates on tropical mushrooms. Basic and applied research / José E. Sánchez, Gerardo Mata and Daniel J. Royse, editors
Sánchez, José E. (ed.) ; Mata, Gerardo (coed.) ; Royse, Daniel Joseph (coed.) ;
San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur , 2018
Clasificación: EE/635.8 / U6
Bibliotecas: Campeche , San Cristóbal , Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Campeche
ECO040007032 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010019577 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020013831 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
PDF
Índice

Prologue
Introduction
1 Importance and Potential of Tropical Mushrooms
Biodiversity and Taxonomy
2 tropical species of Agaricus
3 an overview of tropical and subtropical species of Agaricus in México
Cultivation
4 development of the straw mushroom sector in China
5 Enhanced Production of the Medicinal Mushroom Agaricus Subrufescens Peck
6 Artificial Cultivation of the Medicinal Mushroom Sparassis latifolia
7 Effect of Soak Time After Harvest on Nutritional Quality of Tremella Fuciformis Dry Product
8 Fruit Body Production of Schizophyllum Commune
9 Basidiome production of guatemalan strains of Lepista nuda
10 Shiitake cultivation on straw: an alternative for Subtropical regions
Biotechnological Applications
11 Auricularia spp.: edible mushroom with broad biotechnological properties
12 Antioxidant Activity and Chemical Composition of Grifola Frondosa
13 Immunomodulating and antitumor properties of Pleurotus sp. in Cuba
14 Cultivation Biotechnology for Volvariella spp. in Mexico: Advances, Challenges and Perspectives
15 A Pleurotus spp. hydroalcoholic fraction possess a potent in vitro ovicidal activity against the sheep parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus
Perspectives
Appendix
1 Mushrooms mentioned in this book
2 Tropical species of Agaricus


4.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Los hongos micorrízicos arbusculares y su implicación en la producción y manejo de especies neotropicales forestales, con énfasis en meliáceas
Rodríguez Morelos, Víctor Hugo ; Soto Estrada, Alejandra (coaut.) ; Pérez Moreno, Jesús (coaut.) ; Negreros Castillo, Patricia (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Interciencia Vol.36, no.8 (August 2011), p. 564-569 ISSN: 0378-1844
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
51131-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
PDF
Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Los beneficios de los hongos micorrízicos arbusculares (HMA) son evidentes en la transferencia de nutrientes y en la protección contra patógenos del suelo y factores ambientales adversos a las plantas asociadas. Adicionalmente, en la actualidad se reconoce la influencia de los HMA en la conformación de la estructura y funcionamiento de los ecosistemas. Por estas razones, se han llevado a cabo gran variedad de estudios de la asociación micorrízica arbuscular en especies de importancia ecológica o agronómica, con diversidad de enfoques. Sin embargo, en las regiones neotropicales, los estudios detallados de la diversidad y funcionamiento de los HMA, especialmente aquellos vinculados con la producción y manejo de especies de importancia forestal han sido limitados. En este manuscrito se analizan las diferentes implicaciones del manejo de HMA en la producción de especies tropicales forestales, principalmente en especies de Meliáceas nativas de Latinoamérica, dentro de las que se incluyen el cedro rojo (Cedrela odorata L) y la caoba (Swietenia macrophylla K). Estas especies son altamente valoradas por la calidad de su madera, aunque el establecimiento de plantaciones comerciales y de reforestación generalmente no ha sido completamente exitoso. Por lo tanto, la inoculación de HMA debe ser un factor fundamental a considerar en el establecimiento de estas especies precedida de estudios con enfoques múltiples que aseguren su aplicación exitosa. También se discute la utilización de inóculos micorrízicos en los sistemas de producción de plantas en vivero.

Resumen en inglés

The benefits of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are important for nutrient transfer and protection against soil pathogens and adverse environmental factors affecting associated plants. Additionally, at present, it is recognized that AMF influence ecosystem structure and function. For these reasons, many studies related to arbuscular mycorrhizal associations in species of ecological and agronomic importance have been conducted with diverse approaches. In Neotropical regions, however, specific studies about the diversity and function of AMF, especially those linked to yield and management of important forest species, have been insufficient. In this paper, we analyze different implications of AMF management in tropical forest species yield, mainly on native species of the Meliaceae family from Latin America, such as red cedar (Cedrela odorata L) and big-leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla K). These two species are highly rated because of their high quality wood, although the establishment of plantations for reforestation and commercial purposes has not been very successful. Therefore, inoculations with AMF must be considered to be a fundamental factor in the establishment of these species, supported by studies with multiple approaches for their successful application. Systems of mycorrhizal inoculum production for forest plant production are also analyzed.


5.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Elotespora, an enigmatic anamorphic fungus from Tabasco, México
Castañeda Ruiz, Rafael F ; Heredia Abarca, Gabriela (coaut.) ; Arias Mota, Rosa María (coaut.) ; Becerra, Cinthya Ivonne (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Mycotaxon Vol. 111 (January-March 2010), p. 197-203 ISSN: 0093-4666
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
30796-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Elotespora mexicana anam. gen. & sp. nov., found on decaying wood of an unidentified plant, is described and illustrated. It is distinguished by minute, scattered, cupulate conidiomata in which a single, large, muriform, elongate ellipsoid to cylindrical brown conidium is produced. The conidial development of this fungus is unclear.


6.
Libro
Los hongos de El Edén Quintana Roo: introducción a la micobiota tropical de México / Gastón Guzmán
Guzmán, Gastón ;
Xalapa, Veracruz, México : Instituto de Ecología , 2003
Clasificación: Q/589.2097267 / G8
Bibliotecas: Chetumal , Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030006870 (Disponible) , ECO030006542 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 2
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020009742 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

Los hongos tropicales poco se conocen debido a la falta de exploraciones, en contraste con su alta diversidad. Esta falta de conocimiento es debido al problema que representan los trópicos en el estudio de tales organismos, a su clima adverso y ser demasiado húmedos para preservar las muestras. Además, la alta deforestación de las selvas limita significativamente tales estudios. El presente libro, escrito por un destacado especialista mexicano con 50 años de experiencia, está enfocado a la identificación de los hongos más importantes de la reserva tropical El Edén, Quintana Roo, enclavada en La Península de Yucatán. Por su precisión y agudeza de las fotografías, además del hecho de que se incluyen especimenes de otros lugares de la citada península, este libro constituye una importante herramienta para el conocimiento de los hongos tropicales mexicanos y de América Latina en general. Son muy pocas las contribuciones publicadas sobre los hongos de Yucatán, a pesar de que estos organismos se están estudiando desde antes de 1930, como consta en la obra de Standley sobre la flora de Yucatán. Además, el libro constituye la primera obra sobre los hongos tropicales de México. Comprende alrededor de 200 especies, de las que se describen e ilustran más de 140.

Índice

• Prefacio
• Agradecimientos
• Introducción
• Antecedentes
• Situación geográfica, clima y vegetación de la Reserva Ecológica de El Edén
• Materiales y métodos
• Morfología, estructura y biología del cuerpo de un hongo
• Taxonomía de los hongos
• Especies estudiadas y datos ecológicos sobre las mismas
• Descripción de las especies
• Relación del material de herbario estudiado
• Glosario y abreviaciones importantes
• Bibliografía
• Numeración y relación alfabética de los hongos estudiados
• Índice de géneros
• Índice de especies


7.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Impacts of early- and late-seral mycorrhizae during restoration in seasonal tropical forest, Mexico
Allen, Edith B. ; Allen, Michael F. (coaut.) ; Egerton-Warburto, Louise (coaut.) ; Corkidi, Lea (coaut.) ; Gómez-Pompa, Arturo (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Ecological Applications : A Publication of the Ecological Society of America Vol. 13, no. 6 (December 2003), p. 1701-1717 ISSN: 1051-0761
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
B10173 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

Disturbance of vegetation and soil may change the species composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), which may in turn affect plant species responses to AMF. Seasonal tropical forest in Mexico is undergoing rapid conversion to early-successional forest because of increased wildfire and may require restoration. The responses of six early- and late-successional tree species were tested using early- and late-successional AMF inoculum. The plants were germinated in the shadehouse and received three inoculum treatments: (1) soil from a two-year-old burned site, (2) soil from a mature forest site, or (3) uninoculated controls. They were transplanted as seedlings to a site prepared by burning, and their growth was measured from September 1997 to November 2000. All six species had the greatest growth response to early-seral inoculum, but the response to late-seral inoculum varied. Two tree species, Ceiba pentandra and Guazuma ulmifolia, were smallest with late-seral inoculum, even smaller than the uninoculated plants, and the other species, Brosimum alicastrum, Havardia albicans, Acacia pennatula, and Leucaena leucocephala, had intermediate growth with late-seral inoculum.

Of these, Brosimum, Havardia, and Ceiba occur in late-successional forest, and the others are early seral. Of the several growth measurements (height, cover, biomass, stem diameter), stem-diameter responses to inoculum were still significantly different into the third year for four of the species. The uninoculated plants became infected by residual inoculum in the burned experimental site within three months of transplanting, yet mycorrhizal responses persisted. The treatment size differences may be due to different species composition of the inocula. The early-seral inoculum was dominated by small-spored Glomus spp., while the late-seral inoculum had a higher density of large-spored Gigasporaceae. The latter are known from greenhouse experiments to promote a smaller plant-growth response than Glomus. Mature forest trees may withstand the carbon drain from Gigasporaceae better than establishing seedlings, so the growth patterns we observed with inoculum source are consistent with a rapidly growing successional forest, followed by slower-growing mature forest. The results suggest that early-seral AMF should be used when seedlings are inoculated for restoration, even for late-seral tree species.


8.
Libro
Tropical mycology: edited by Roy Watling, Juliet C. Frankland, A. M. Ainsworth, Susan Isaac and Clare H. Robinson
British Mycological Society. Symposium (2000) ; Watling, Roy (ed.) ; Frankland, Juliet C. (coed.) ; Ainsworth, A. M. (coed.) ; Isaac, Susan (coed.) ; Robinson, Clare H. (coed.) ;
Wallingford, Oxon, UK : CABI International , 2002
Clasificación: 589.2 / B7
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020001941 (Disponible) , ECO020007791 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 2

9.
Libro
Proceedings of the 2nd ISHS conference on fruit production in the tropics and subtropics / editors Michael M. Blanke and Jürgen Pohlan
Conference on Fruit Production in the Tropics and Subtropics (2nd : 1999 : Germany) ;
Leuven, Belgium : International Society for Horticultural Science , 2000
Clasificación: 634.6 / P7
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020010238 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1

10.
- Artículo de divulgación
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche, SIBE-Chetumal, SIBE-San Cristóbal, SIBE-Tapachula, SIBE-Villahermosa
Proyecto de hongos tropicales
Huerta Palacios, Graciela ; Sánchez, José E. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: ECOfronteras No. 6 (octubre 1998), p. 23-24
Cerrar
SIBE Campeche
40872-40 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
40872-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
40872-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
40872-30 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Villahermosa
40872-50 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche, SIBE-Chetumal, SIBE-San Cristóbal, SIBE-Tapachula, SIBE-Villahermosa
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