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2 resultados encontrados para: TEMA: Magnolia sharpii
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1.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Seed germination and population structure of two endangered tree species: Magnolia perezfarrerae and Magnolia sharpii
Vásquez Morales, Suria Gisela (autora) ; Ramírez Marcial, Neptalí (autor) (1963-) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Botanical Sciences Vol. 97, no. 1 (January 2019), p. 2-12 ISSN: 2007-4476
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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Antecedentes: Las especies de Magnolia en México se encuentran en riesgo de extinción debido a la fragmentación de su hábitat. Preguntas: ¿Qué tipos de estructura poblacional exhiben Magnolia perezfarrerae y M. sharpii, dos especies endémicas de Chiapas, México? ¿La extrema reducción de las poblaciones presentan alguna afectación en la capacidad reproductiva de las dos especies de Magnolia? ¿Cuál es el potencial de propagación en ambas especies de Magnolia? ¿Es necesario usar tratamientos pregerminativos para incrementar la propagación de ambas especies de Magnolia? Especies estudiadas: Magnolia perezfarrerae A. Vázquez & Gómez-Domínguez y Magnolia sharpii Miranda. Sitios y años de estudio: Los Altos y la Depresión Central de Chiapas, México, de 2015 a 2017. Métodos: En este estudio evaluamos la densidad y distribución de tamaños diamétricos de M. perezfarrerae y M. sharpii en dos poblaciones naturales. Se evaluó su capacidad reproductiva y la germinación ex situ. Resultados: La densidad poblacional de M. perezfarrerae fue de 40-53 ind. ha-1 y 24-83 ind. ha-1 en M. sharpii. La estructura de tamaños varía entre las poblaciones de cada especie: una aparentemente sin problemas de regeneración y otra con distribución discontinua en varias categorías de tamaños. Las semillas presentaron latencia física, química y mecánica. Los tratamientos pregerminativos aplicados fueron efectivos para M. sharpii con 73 % y 64 % para M. perezfarrerae. Conclusiones: La condición actual de las poblaciones de Magnolia es crítica, por lo que su persistencia está comprometida. Las opciones viables de conservación requieren de identificar sitios potenciales para la reintroducción de nuevas poblaciones.

Resumen en inglés

Background: Due to habitat fragmentation many Magnolia species are at risk of extinction in Mexico. Question: What type of population structure is exhibited by Magnolia perezfarrerae and M. sharpii, endemic species of Chiapas, Mexico? Does the extreme reduction in the population of both Magnolia affect their reproductive capacity? What is the propagation potential in both species of Magnolia? Is it necessary to use pregerminative treatments for Magnolia species propagation? Studied species: Magnolia perezfarrerae A. Vázquez & Gómez-Domínguez and Magnolia sharpii Miranda. Study sites and years of study: Highlands and Central Depression of Chiapas, Mexico, from 2015 to 2017. Methods: In this study, the density and distribution of diametric sizes of M. perezfarrerae and M. sharpii were assessed in natural populations. Their reproductive capacity and the ex-situ germination of both species was analyzed. Results: The population density in M. perezfarrerae was 40-53 ind. ha-1, and 24-83 ind. ha-1 in M. sharpii. Size structure varied between populations of each species: one apparently without problems of regeneration, and another with discontinuous distribution in several size categories. The seeds presented physical, chemical and mechanical dormancy. The pre-germination treatments applied proved mostly effective for M. sharpii by 73 % and by 64 % for M. perezfarrerae. Conclusions: The current condition of Magnolia species is critical and their persistence is compromised. Any viable conservation option would need to identify potential sites for the reintroduction of new populations.


2.
Artículo
Genetic variation in two rare endemic Mexican trees, Magnolia sharpii and Magnolia schiedeana
Newton, Adrian C. ; Gow, J. (coaut.) ; Robertson, A. (coaut.) ; Williams Linera, Guadalupe (coaut.) ; Ramírez Marcial, Neptalí (coaut.) (1963-) ; González Espinosa, Mario (coaut.) (1950-) ; Allnutt, T. R. (coaut.) ; Ennos, R. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Silvae Genetica Vol. 57, no. 6 (2008), p. 348-356 ISSN: 0037-5349
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
38307-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Patterns of genetic variation were examined within two endemic tree species restricted to Mexican cloud forest, Magnolia sharpii and Magnolia schiedeana. Leaf samples collected from natural populations were analysed using PCR RFLP of cpDNA, Inter-SSR and isozyme genetic markers, which were used to test a series of hypotheses regarding patterns of intraspecific variation within the two species. Genetic diversity estimates derived from Inter-SSR markers (mean Spop of 0.56 and 0.50 for M. sharpii and M. schiedeana respectively) are comparable to values obtained for other tree species. As predicted on the basis of its larger geographic range, the degree of population differentiation was found to be higher within M. schiedeana than M. sharpii, with 12.9% and 3.4% of total variation recorded between populations for the two species respectively using isozymes, and 26% and 11% using Inter- SSR markers

Isozyme analyses indicated negative Fis values, which may be suggestive of inbreeding in populations of M. sharpii, but provided less evidence of inbreeding in M. schiedeana. On the basis of PCR RFLP analysis of cpDNA, two chloroplast types were differentiated, type A being recorded for all of the individuals of both species, with the exception of one population of M. schiedeana that was fixed for type B. These results are consistent with recent evidence suggesting that some endemic plant taxa are able to maintain relatively high diversity within populations despite the occurrence of inbreeding and genetic drift, and that species with wider geographic ranges tend to exhibit relatively high genetic differentiation among populations. Conservation strategies for these species need to take into account the significant genetic differences recorded among the populations studied.