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No. de sistema: 000005103

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245 0 0 a| Social-ecological and regional adaptation of agrobiodiversity management across a global set of research regions
506 _ _ a| Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
520 1 _ a| To examine management options for biodiversity in agricultural landscapes, eight researchregions were classified into social-ecological domains, using a dataset of indicators of livelihood resources, i.e., capital assets. Potential interventions for biodiversity-based agriculture were then compared among landscapes and domains. The approach combined literature review with expert judgment by researchers working in each landscape. Each landscape was described for land use, rural livelihoods and attitudes of social actors toward biodiversity and intensification of agriculture. Principal components analysis of 40 indicators of natural, human, social, financial and physical capital for the eight landscapes showed a loss of biodiversity associated with high-input agricultural intensification. High levels of natural capital (e.g. indicators of wildland biodiversity conservation and agrobiodiversity for human needs) were positively associated with indicators of human capital, including knowledge of the flora and fauna and knowledge sharing among farmers. Three social-ecological domains were identified across the eight landscapes (Tropical Agriculture-Forest Matrix, Tropical Degrading Agroecosystem, and Temperate High-Input Commodity Agriculture) using hierarchical clustering of the indicator values.
520 1 _ a| Each domain shared aset of interventions for biodiversity-based agriculture and ecological intensification that could also increase food security in the impoverished landscapes. Implementation of interventions differed greatly among the landscapes, e.g. financial capital for new farming practices in the Intensive Agriculture domain vs. developing market value chains in the other domains. This exploratory study suggests that indicators of knowledge systems should receive greater emphasis in the monitoring of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and that inventories of assets at the landscape level can inform adaptive management of agrobiodiversity-based interventions.
530 _ _ a| Disponible en línea
533 _ _ a| Reproducción electrónica en formato PDF
538 _ _ a| Adobe Acrobat profesional 6.0 o superior
650 _ 4 a| Paisaje agrícola
650 _ 4 a| Agrobiodiversidad
650 _ 4 a| Agricultura intensiva
650 _ 4 a| Servicios ecosistémicos
651 _ 4 a| Sierra Madre de Chiapas (México)
651 _ 4 a| Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais (Brazil)
651 _ 4 a| Pacaja (Pará, Brazil)
651 _ 4 a| India
651 _ 4 a| Jambi (Isla de Sumatra, Indonesia)
651 _ 4 a| Valle Sacramento (California, Estados Unidos)
700 1 _ a| Jacksona, L. E.
700 1 _ a| Pulleman, M. M.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Brussaard, Lijbert
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Bawa, K. S.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Brown, George G.
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Cardoso, I. M.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| De Ruiter, Peter Cornelis
d| 1952-
e| autor
700 1 _ a| García Barrios, Luis Enrique
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Hollander, A. D.
e| coaut.
773 0 _
t| Global Environmental Change
g| Vol. 22, no. 3 (August 2012), p. 623–639
x| 0959-3780
901 _ _ a| Artículo con arbitraje
902 _ _ a| GOG / MM
904 _ _ a| Junio 2012
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Artfrosur
905 _ _ a| CRIIS
LNG eng
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Social-ecological and regional adaptation of agrobiodiversity management across a global set of research regions
Jacksona, L. E. (autor)
Pulleman, M. M. (autor)
Brussaard, Lijbert (autor)
Bawa, K. S. (autor)
Brown, George G. (autor)
Cardoso, I. M. (autor)
De Ruiter, Peter Cornelis, 1952- (autor)
García Barrios, Luis Enrique (autor)
Hollander, A. D. (autor)
Nota: Disponible en línea
Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
Contenido en: Global Environmental Change. Vol. 22, no. 3 (August 2012), p. 623–639. ISSN: 0959-3780
No. de sistema: 5103
Tipo: - Artículo con arbitraje


Inglés

"To examine management options for biodiversity in agricultural landscapes, eight researchregions were classified into social-ecological domains, using a dataset of indicators of livelihood resources, i.e., capital assets. Potential interventions for biodiversity-based agriculture were then compared among landscapes and domains. The approach combined literature review with expert judgment by researchers working in each landscape. Each landscape was described for land use, rural livelihoods and attitudes of social actors toward biodiversity and intensification of agriculture. Principal components analysis of 40 indicators of natural, human, social, financial and physical capital for the eight landscapes showed a loss of biodiversity associated with high-input agricultural intensification. High levels of natural capital (e.g. indicators of wildland biodiversity conservation and agrobiodiversity for human needs) were positively associated with indicators of human capital, including knowledge of the flora and fauna and knowledge sharing among farmers. Three social-ecological domains were identified across the eight landscapes (Tropical Agriculture-Forest Matrix, Tropical Degrading Agroecosystem, and Temperate High-Input Commodity Agriculture) using hierarchical clustering of the indicator values."

"Each domain shared aset of interventions for biodiversity-based agriculture and ecological intensification that could also increase food security in the impoverished landscapes. Implementation of interventions differed greatly among the landscapes, e.g. financial capital for new farming practices in the Intensive Agriculture domain vs. developing market value chains in the other domains. This exploratory study suggests that indicators of knowledge systems should receive greater emphasis in the monitoring of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and that inventories of assets at the landscape level can inform adaptive management of agrobiodiversity-based interventions."


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