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No. de sistema: 000032946

LDR _ _ 00000nab^^22^^^^^za^4500
008 _ _ 080708m20089999mdubr^p^^^^^^z0^^^a0eng^d
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
043 _ _ a| n-mx-ca
044 _ _ a| mdu
100 1 _ a| García Marmolejo, Gabriela
245 1 0 a| Multicriteria evaluation of wildlife management units in Campeche, Mexico
520 1 _ a| Since 1997 the Mexican government has promoted Management Units for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wildlife (UMAs) on private and community lands as an economically attractive mean for the conservation of biodiversity. To date, compliance of UMAs with stated sustainability goals has not been evaluated. Thus, we designed multicriteria evaluation framework based on the stated objectives of the national UMA program and applied it to a sample of 6 UMAs operating in peasant communities near or in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in Campeche, Mexico. Evaluation criteria covered thematic areas of environment, economy, social development, and laws and rules. We formulated 15 criteria with 29 indicators, and 133 verifiers. Data for the verifiers were based on direct observation, interviews with key actors in the peasant communities, participation in regional meetings, scrutiny of government reports, and databases.
520 1 _ a| We calculated sustainability indexes by weighting, summing, and standardizing verifiers to percentage scales, and aggregating to the successive higher hierarchical levels of the evaluation framework. We found an average overall sustainability index of 45.7% for the UMAs evaluated. Scores were highest for the environment thematic area (55.2%), followed by economy (43.4%), social development (42.3%), and laws and rules (41.7%). We observed particularly low indicators for management strategies, habitat monitoring, environmental education, and knowledge of wildlife laws. We conclude that the contribution of UMAs to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity could be improved by a number of actions. These include developing wildlife management educational programs with a strong environmental legislation component, the correct enforcement of wildlife laws, and creating country-wise links among academic and governmental institutions promoting the work with regional and national wildlife experts.
650 _ 4 a| Caza
650 _ 4 a| Manejo de vida silvestre
650 _ 4 a| Conservación de la vida silvestre
651 _ 4 a| Reserva de la Biosfera Calakmul (Campeche, México)
700 1 _ a| Escalona Segura, Griselda
c| Doctora
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Van Der Wal, Hans
e| coaut.
773 0 _
t| Journal of Wildlife Management
g| Vol. 72, no. 5 (July 2008), p. 1194–1202
x| 0022-541X
900 _ _ a| En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
902 _ _ a| GOG/MM/DPH
904 _ _ a| Julio 2008
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Artfrosur
905 _ _ a| Calakmul
905 _ _ a| CRIIS
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
LNG eng
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*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Multicriteria evaluation of wildlife management units in Campeche, Mexico
García Marmolejo, Gabriela (autor)
Escalona Segura, Griselda (autor)
Van Der Wal, Hans (autor)
Contenido en: Journal of Wildlife Management. Vol. 72, no. 5 (July 2008), p. 1194–1202. ISSN: 0022-541X
Bibliotecas:
San Cristóbal
No. de sistema: 32946
Tipo: Artículo
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Inglés

"Since 1997 the Mexican government has promoted Management Units for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wildlife (UMAs) on private and community lands as an economically attractive mean for the conservation of biodiversity. To date, compliance of UMAs with stated sustainability goals has not been evaluated. Thus, we designed multicriteria evaluation framework based on the stated objectives of the national UMA program and applied it to a sample of 6 UMAs operating in peasant communities near or in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in Campeche, Mexico. Evaluation criteria covered thematic areas of environment, economy, social development, and laws and rules. We formulated 15 criteria with 29 indicators, and 133 verifiers. Data for the verifiers were based on direct observation, interviews with key actors in the peasant communities, participation in regional meetings, scrutiny of government reports, and databases."

"We calculated sustainability indexes by weighting, summing, and standardizing verifiers to percentage scales, and aggregating to the successive higher hierarchical levels of the evaluation framework. We found an average overall sustainability index of 45.7% for the UMAs evaluated. Scores were highest for the environment thematic area (55.2%), followed by economy (43.4%), social development (42.3%), and laws and rules (41.7%). We observed particularly low indicators for management strategies, habitat monitoring, environmental education, and knowledge of wildlife laws. We conclude that the contribution of UMAs to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity could be improved by a number of actions. These include developing wildlife management educational programs with a strong environmental legislation component, the correct enforcement of wildlife laws, and creating country-wise links among academic and governmental institutions promoting the work with regional and national wildlife experts."

SIBE San Cristóbal
Codigo de barra
Estado
Colección
32946-30
(Disponible)
Artículos de investigación ECOSUR