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No. de sistema: 000036693

LDR _ _ 00000nab^^22^^^^^za^4500
008 _ _ 130220m20139999enkbr^p^^^^^^z0^^^a0eng^d
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
043 _ _ a| n-mx-ca
044 _ _ a| enk
245 0 0 a| Persistence of swidden cultivation in the face of globalization
b| a case study from communities in Calakmul, Mexico
520 1 _ a| Over the last decades, political, economic and environmental pressures have encouraged changes from swidden to more intensive agricultural practices, resulting in the hypothesis that swidden cultivation systems are disappearing. In Calakmul, southeastern Mexico, communities decreased the area under milpa, the traditional maize swidden system, but a collapse did not occur. To document and explain the persistence of swidden we employ a variety of data: (1) 59 standardized household surveys from 2003 and 2010 in five villages, (2) in-depth interviews in one village, and (3) coupled human–environmental timelines in this same village. Droughts, hurricanes, and remittances were important drivers of decreases in milpa cultivation. Market crop profitability and conservation programs were also reported to affect the area under milpa. Off-farm employment and governmental transfers have tended to stabilize household economies and decrease dependency on agricultural production, but have also allowed households to maintain their milpas for subsistence and cultural reproduction. Findings in Calakmul point to the need to consider swidden as an evolving and active response to changing policy, economic, and environmental conditions.
650 _ 4 a| Maíz
650 _ 4 a| Cultivos de transición
650 _ 4 a| Agricultura de subsistencia
650 _ 4 a| Uso de la tierra
650 _ 4 a| Medios de vida
650 _ 4 a| Trabajadores migratorios
651 _ 4 a| Calakmul (Campeche, México)
700 1 _ a| Schmook, Birgit Inge
c| Dra.
700 1 _ a| Van Vliet, Nathalie
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Radel, Claudia
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Manzón Che, María de Jesús
c| Mtra.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| McCandless, Susannah
e| coaut.
773 0 _
t| Human Ecology
g| Vol. 41, no. 1 (February 2013), p. 93–107
x| 0300-7839
900 _ _ a| En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche
901 _ _ a| Artículo con arbitraje
902 _ _ a| GOG / MM
904 _ _ a| Febrero 2013
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Artfrosur
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
905 _ _ a| Migración
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*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche
Persistence of swidden cultivation in the face of globalization: a case study from communities in Calakmul, Mexico
Schmook, Birgit Inge (autor)
Van Vliet, Nathalie (autor)
Radel, Claudia (autor)
Manzón Che, María de Jesús (autor)
McCandless, Susannah (autor)
Contenido en: Human Ecology. Vol. 41, no. 1 (February 2013), p. 93–107. ISSN: 0300-7839
Bibliotecas:
Campeche
No. de sistema: 36693
Tipo: - Artículo con arbitraje
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Inglés

"Over the last decades, political, economic and environmental pressures have encouraged changes from swidden to more intensive agricultural practices, resulting in the hypothesis that swidden cultivation systems are disappearing. In Calakmul, southeastern Mexico, communities decreased the area under milpa, the traditional maize swidden system, but a collapse did not occur. To document and explain the persistence of swidden we employ a variety of data: (1) 59 standardized household surveys from 2003 and 2010 in five villages, (2) in-depth interviews in one village, and (3) coupled human–environmental timelines in this same village. Droughts, hurricanes, and remittances were important drivers of decreases in milpa cultivation. Market crop profitability and conservation programs were also reported to affect the area under milpa. Off-farm employment and governmental transfers have tended to stabilize household economies and decrease dependency on agricultural production, but have also allowed households to maintain their milpas for subsistence and cultural reproduction. Findings in Calakmul point to the need to consider swidden as an evolving and active response to changing policy, economic, and environmental conditions."

SIBE Campeche
Codigo de barra
Estado
Colección
36693-20
(Disponible)
Artículos de investigación ECOSUR