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No. de sistema: 000039887

LDR _ _ 00000nab^^22^^^^^za^4500
008 _ _ 180517m20189999xx^^r^p^^^^^^z0^^^a0eng^d
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
043 _ _ a| f-ug---
044 _ _ a| xx
100 1 _ a| Salerno, Jonathan
245 0 0 a| Park isolation in anthropogenic landscapes
b| land change and livelihoods at park boundaries in the African Albertine Rift
506 _ _ a| Acceso electrónico sólo para usuarios de ECOSUR
520 1 _ a| Landscapes are changing rapidly in regions where rural people live adjacent to protected parks and reserves. This is the case in highland East Africa, where many parks are increasingly isolated in a matrix of small farms and settlements. In this review, we synthesize published findings and extant data sources to assess the processes and outcomes of park isolation, with a regional focus on people’s livelihoods at park boundaries in the Ugandan Albertine Rift. The region maintains exceptionally high rural population density and growth and is classified as a global biodiversity hotspot. In addition to the impacts of increasing numbers of people, our synthesis highlights compounding factors—changing climate, increasing land value and variable tenure, and declining farm yields—that accelerate effects of population growth on park isolation and widespread landscape change. Unpacking these processes at the regional scale identifies outcomes of isolation in the unprotected landscape—high frequency of human-wildlife conflict, potential for zoonotic disease transmission, land and resource competition, and declining wildlife populations in forest fragments. We recommend a strategy for the management of isolated parks that includes augmenting outreach by park authorities and supporting community needs in the human landscape, for example through healthcare services, while also maintaining hard park boundaries through traditional protectionism. Even in cases where conservation refers to biodiversity in isolated parks, landscape strategies must include an understanding of the local livelihood context in order to ensure long-term sustainable biodiversity protection.
538 _ _ a| Adobe Acrobat profesional 6.0 o superior
650 _ 4 a| Espacios naturales protegidos
650 _ 4 a| Deforestación
650 _ 4 a| Conservación de la diversidad biológica
650 _ 4 a| Medios de vida
650 _ 4 a| Cambio climático
650 _ 4 a| Servicios ecosistémicos
651 _ 4 a| Uganda
700 1 _ a| Chapman, Colin A.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Diem, Jeremy E.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Dowhaniuk, Nicholas
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Goldman, Abraham
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| MacKenzie, Catrina A.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Omeja, Patrick Aria
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Palace, Michael W.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Reyna Hurtado, Rafael Ángel
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Ryan, Sadie J.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Hartter, Joel
e| coaut.
773 0 _
t| Regional Environmental Change
g| Vol. 18, no. 3 (March 2018), p. 913–928
x| 1436-3798
900 _ _ a| Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
901 _ _ a| Artículo con arbitraje
902 _ _ a| GOG / MM
904 _ _ a| Mayo 2018
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Desastres
905 _ _ a| Servibosques
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
906 _ _ a| Producción Académica ECOSUR
LNG eng
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*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Park isolation in anthropogenic landscapes: land change and livelihoods at park boundaries in the African Albertine Rift
Salerno, Jonathan (autor)
Chapman, Colin A. (autor)
Diem, Jeremy E. (autor)
Dowhaniuk, Nicholas (autor)
Goldman, Abraham (autor)
MacKenzie, Catrina A. (autor)
Omeja, Patrick Aria (autor)
Palace, Michael W. (autor)
Reyna Hurtado, Rafael Ángel (autor)
Ryan, Sadie J. (autor)
Hartter, Joel (autor)
Nota: Acceso electrónico sólo para usuarios de ECOSUR
Contenido en: Regional Environmental Change. Vol. 18, no. 3 (March 2018), p. 913–928. ISSN: 1436-3798
No. de sistema: 39887
Tipo: - Artículo con arbitraje
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Inglés

"Landscapes are changing rapidly in regions where rural people live adjacent to protected parks and reserves. This is the case in highland East Africa, where many parks are increasingly isolated in a matrix of small farms and settlements. In this review, we synthesize published findings and extant data sources to assess the processes and outcomes of park isolation, with a regional focus on people’s livelihoods at park boundaries in the Ugandan Albertine Rift. The region maintains exceptionally high rural population density and growth and is classified as a global biodiversity hotspot. In addition to the impacts of increasing numbers of people, our synthesis highlights compounding factors—changing climate, increasing land value and variable tenure, and declining farm yields—that accelerate effects of population growth on park isolation and widespread landscape change. Unpacking these processes at the regional scale identifies outcomes of isolation in the unprotected landscape—high frequency of human-wildlife conflict, potential for zoonotic disease transmission, land and resource competition, and declining wildlife populations in forest fragments. We recommend a strategy for the management of isolated parks that includes augmenting outreach by park authorities and supporting community needs in the human landscape, for example through healthcare services, while also maintaining hard park boundaries through traditional protectionism. Even in cases where conservation refers to biodiversity in isolated parks, landscape strategies must include an understanding of the local livelihood context in order to ensure long-term sustainable biodiversity protection."


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