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No. de sistema: 000049458

LDR _ _ 00000nam^^22^^^^^za^4500
008 _ _ 100924s2009^^^^xxk^^^^f^^^^^z000^0^eng^d
020 _ _ a| 1844077829
020 _ _ a| 9781844077823
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
043 _ _ a| n-us-ny
a| s-bl---
044 _ _ a| xxk
084 _ _ a| 333.9516
b| P44
100 1 _ a| Perfecto, Ivette
245 1 0 a| Nature's matrix
c| Ivette Perfecto, John Vandermeer and Angus Wright
b| linking agriculture, conservation and food sovereignty
260 _ _ a| London, England
b| Earthscan Publications Ltd.
c| 2009
300 _ _ a| x, 242 p.
c| 23 cm.
504 _ _ a| Incluye bibliografía (p. 215-233) e índice (p. 235-242
505 2 _ a| List of figures and boxes.. Preface.. Acknowledgements.. List of abbreviations.. 1 Matrix Matters: An Overview.. The Birds of New York and the Coffee of Mesoamerica.. The Argument.. Towards a New Paradigm.. Notes.. 2 The Ecological Argument.. The Fundamental Patterns of Biodiversity.. Why the Biodiversity Patterns Matter.. The Ecological Background to Biodiversity Studies.. Ecological Theory and Political Realities.. Notes.. 3 The Agricultural Matrix.. The Development of Agriculture.. The Industrial Model.. The Alternative Movement.. Natural Systems Agriculture.. Biodiversity as it Relates to Agro-ecology.. Notes.. 4 The Broad Social Context for Understanding Biodiversity, Conservation and Agriculture.. The Importance of the Deep Historical Context.. Difficult Socio-political Issues in Practical Conservation Work.. Sources of Systematic Bias in Conservation Practice.. The Brazilian Amazon: A Case Study in Conservation, Livelihood and Social Movements.. The Dependency Trap in Biodiversity Conservation.. Grass Roots Social Movements.. Notes.. 5 Coffee, Cacao and Food Crops: Case Studies of Agriculture and Biodiversity.. Coffee and the Technical Side of Biodiversity.. Cacao and Biodiversity: The Historical Development of a Biodiversity Landscape.. The Production of Food and the Biodiversity Connection.. Agricultural Potential in the Matrix.. Notes.. 6 The New Paradigm.. Recapping the Ecological Argument.. Recapping the Agricultural Argument.. Recapping the Social Movement Argument.. Putting the Three Arguments Together.. Notes.. References.. Index
520 1 _ a| Landscapes are frequently seen as fragments of natural habitat surrounded by a "sea" of agriculture. But recent ecological theory shows that the nature of these fragments is not nearly as important for conservation as is the nature of the matrix of agriculture that surrounds them. Local extinctions from conservation fragments are inevitable and must be balanced by migrations if massive extinction is to be avoided. High migration rates only occur in what the authors refer to as "high quality" matrices, which are created by alternative agroecological techniques, as opposed to the industrial monocultural model of agriculture. The authors, including SNRE Professor Ivette Perfecto, argue that the only way to promote such high quality matrices is to work with rural social movements. Their ideas are at odds with the major trends of some of the large conservation organizations that emphasize targeted land purchases of protected areas. They argue that recent advances in ecological research make such a general approach anachronistic and call, rather, for solidarity with the small farmers around the world who are currently struggling to attain food sovereignty. Nature's Matrix proposes a radically new approach to the conservation of biodiversity based on recent advances in the science of ecology plus political realities, particularly in the world's tropical regions.
650 _ 4 a| Conservación de la diversidad biológica
650 _ 4 a| Diversidad biológica
650 _ 4 a| Agricultura
650 _ 4 a| Agroecología
650 _ 4 a| Cultivos alimenticios
650 _ 4 a| Café
650 _ 4 a| Cacao
650 _ 4 a| Soberanía alimentaria
650 _ 4 a| Ecología política
651 _ 4 a| Nueva York (Estados Unidos)
651 _ 4 a| Mesoamérica
651 _ 4 a| Amazonia Brasileña
700 1 _ a| Vandermeer, John
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Wright, Angus
e| coaut.
902 _ _ a| AMGR/Brenda
904 _ _ a| Septiembre 2010
905 _ _ a| Acervo
905 _ _ a| Café
905 _ _ a| CRIIS
LNG eng
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Nature's matrix: linking agriculture, conservation and food sovereignty / Ivette Perfecto, John Vandermeer and Angus Wright
Perfecto, Ivette (autor)
Vandermeer, John (autor)
Wright, Angus (autor)
Editor: London, England : Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2009
ISBN: 1844077829
9781844077823
Descripción: x, 242 p. ; 23 cm.
Clasificación: 333.9516/P44
Bibliotecas:
San Cristóbal , Tapachula
Nota: Incluye bibliografía (p. 215-233) e índice (p. 235-242
No. de sistema: 49458
Tipo: Libro


List of figures and boxes
Preface
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
1 Matrix Matters: An Overview
The Birds of New York and the Coffee of Mesoamerica
The Argument
Towards a New Paradigm
Notes
2 The Ecological Argument
The Fundamental Patterns of Biodiversity
Why the Biodiversity Patterns Matter
The Ecological Background to Biodiversity Studies
Ecological Theory and Political Realities
Notes
3 The Agricultural Matrix
The Development of Agriculture
The Industrial Model
The Alternative Movement
Natural Systems Agriculture
Biodiversity as it Relates to Agro-ecology
Notes
4 The Broad Social Context for Understanding Biodiversity, Conservation and Agriculture
The Importance of the Deep Historical Context
Difficult Socio-political Issues in Practical Conservation Work
Sources of Systematic Bias in Conservation Practice
The Brazilian Amazon: A Case Study in Conservation, Livelihood and Social Movements
The Dependency Trap in Biodiversity Conservation
Grass Roots Social Movements
Notes
5 Coffee, Cacao and Food Crops: Case Studies of Agriculture and Biodiversity
Coffee and the Technical Side of Biodiversity
Cacao and Biodiversity: The Historical Development of a Biodiversity Landscape
The Production of Food and the Biodiversity Connection
Agricultural Potential in the Matrix
Notes
6 The New Paradigm
Recapping the Ecological Argument
Recapping the Agricultural Argument
Recapping the Social Movement Argument
Putting the Three Arguments Together
Notes
References
Index

Inglés

"Landscapes are frequently seen as fragments of natural habitat surrounded by a "sea" of agriculture. But recent ecological theory shows that the nature of these fragments is not nearly as important for conservation as is the nature of the matrix of agriculture that surrounds them. Local extinctions from conservation fragments are inevitable and must be balanced by migrations if massive extinction is to be avoided. High migration rates only occur in what the authors refer to as "high quality" matrices, which are created by alternative agroecological techniques, as opposed to the industrial monocultural model of agriculture. The authors, including SNRE Professor Ivette Perfecto, argue that the only way to promote such high quality matrices is to work with rural social movements. Their ideas are at odds with the major trends of some of the large conservation organizations that emphasize targeted land purchases of protected areas. They argue that recent advances in ecological research make such a general approach anachronistic and call, rather, for solidarity with the small farmers around the world who are currently struggling to attain food sovereignty. Nature's Matrix proposes a radically new approach to the conservation of biodiversity based on recent advances in the science of ecology plus political realities, particularly in the world's tropical regions."

SIBE San Cristóbal
Codigo de barra
Estado
Colección
ECO010017594
(Disponible)
Tematica general
SIBE Tapachula
Codigo de barra
Estado
Colección
ECO020011487
(Disponible)
Tematica general