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No. de sistema: 000051736

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008 _ _ 121005m20129999gw^^r^p^^^^^^z0^^^a0eng^d
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
043 _ _ a| n-mx-qr
044 _ _ a| gw
084 _ _ a| AR Q/597.88097267
b| O7
245 0 0 a| Oral and cloacal microflora of wild crocodiles Crocodylus acutus and C. moreletii in the Mexican Caribbean
520 1 _ a| Bacterial cultures and chemical analyses were performed from cloacal and oral swabs taken from 43 American crocodiles Crocodylus acutus and 28 Morelet's crocodiles C. moreletii captured in Quintana Roo State, Mexico. We recovered 47 bacterial species (28 genera and 14 families) from all samples with 51.1% of these belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Fourteen species (29.8%) were detected in both crocodile species and 18 (38.3%) and 15 (31.9%) species were only detected in American and Morelet's crocodiles, respectively. We recovered 35 bacterial species from all oral samples, of which 9 (25.8%) were detected in both crocodile species. From all cloacal samples, we recovered 21 bacterial species, of which 8 (38.1%) were detected in both crocodile species. The most commonly isolated bacteria in cloacal samples were Aeromonas hydrophila and Escherichia coli, whereas in oral samples the most common bacteria were A. hydrophila and Arcanobacterium pyogenes. The bacteria isolated represent a potential threat to crocodile health during conditions of stress and a threat to human health through crocodile bites, crocodile meat consumption or carrying out activities in crocodile habitat. We especially warn about the presence of Salmonella arizonae and S. typhi, which cause enteritis and septicemia in crocodiles and salmonellosis and typhoid fever in humans. The risk of bacterial contamination from crocodiles to humans could increase in the future because of the accelerated destruction of crocodile habitat, which could lead to an augmentation of human-crocodile interactions. Information on bacterial diversity reported here could help in the choice of antibacterial products in case of infections that are of crocodile origin.
650 _ 4 a| Crocodylus acutus
650 _ 4 a| Crocodylus moreletii
650 _ 4 a| Flora microbiana
650 _ 4 a| Bacterias
651 _ 4 a| Cozumel, Cozumel (Quintana Roo, México)
651 _ 4 a| Reserva de la Biosfera Banco Chinchorro (Quintana Roo, México)
700 1 _ a| Charruau, Pierre Alexandre Rémy Robert
700 1 _ a| Pérez Flores, Jonathan Sechaly
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Pérez Juárez, José G.
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Cedeño-Vázquez, J.R.
c| Doctor
e| coaut.
700 1 _ a| Rosas Carmona, Rebeca
e| coaut.
773 0 _
t| Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
g| Vol. 98, no.1 (February 2012), p. 27-39
x| 0177-5103
902 _ _ a| PVZ / JSGM
904 _ _ a| Octubre 2012
905 _ _ a| Artfrosur
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Oral and cloacal microflora of wild crocodiles Crocodylus acutus and C. moreletii in the Mexican Caribbean
Charruau, Pierre Alexandre Rémy Robert (autor)
Pérez Flores, Jonathan Sechaly (autor)
Pérez Juárez, José G. (autor)
Cedeño-Vázquez, J.R. (autor)
Rosas Carmona, Rebeca (autor)
Clasificación: AR Q/597.88097267/O7
Contenido en: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. Vol. 98, no.1 (February 2012), p. 27-39. ISSN: 0177-5103
Bibliotecas:
Chetumal
No. de sistema: 51736
Tipo: Artículo


Inglés

"Bacterial cultures and chemical analyses were performed from cloacal and oral swabs taken from 43 American crocodiles Crocodylus acutus and 28 Morelet's crocodiles C. moreletii captured in Quintana Roo State, Mexico. We recovered 47 bacterial species (28 genera and 14 families) from all samples with 51.1% of these belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Fourteen species (29.8%) were detected in both crocodile species and 18 (38.3%) and 15 (31.9%) species were only detected in American and Morelet's crocodiles, respectively. We recovered 35 bacterial species from all oral samples, of which 9 (25.8%) were detected in both crocodile species. From all cloacal samples, we recovered 21 bacterial species, of which 8 (38.1%) were detected in both crocodile species. The most commonly isolated bacteria in cloacal samples were Aeromonas hydrophila and Escherichia coli, whereas in oral samples the most common bacteria were A. hydrophila and Arcanobacterium pyogenes. The bacteria isolated represent a potential threat to crocodile health during conditions of stress and a threat to human health through crocodile bites, crocodile meat consumption or carrying out activities in crocodile habitat. We especially warn about the presence of Salmonella arizonae and S. typhi, which cause enteritis and septicemia in crocodiles and salmonellosis and typhoid fever in humans. The risk of bacterial contamination from crocodiles to humans could increase in the future because of the accelerated destruction of crocodile habitat, which could lead to an augmentation of human-crocodile interactions. Information on bacterial diversity reported here could help in the choice of antibacterial products in case of infections that are of crocodile origin."

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