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No. de sistema: 000054140

LDR _ _ 00000nam^^22^^^^^za^4500
008 _ _ 150311s2015^^^^enkao^^f^^^^^z000^0^eng^d
020 _ _ a| 0415826810
020 _ _ a| 9780415826815
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
044 _ _ a| enk
084 _ _ a| 338.17373
b| P4
100 1 _ a| Perfecto, Ivette
245 1 0 a| Coffee agroecology
c| Ivette Perfecto and John Vandermeer
b| a new approach to unferstanding agricultural biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainable development
260 _ _ a| London
b| Routledge
c| 2015
300 _ _ a| xxi, 336 p.
b| fot., il.
c| 23 cm.
504 _ _ a| Incluye bibliografía (p. 290-327) e índice (p. 328-336)
505 2 _ a| List of figures.. List of tables.. Preface.. 1 Wake up and smell the coffee (or a tale of two farms).. Introduction.. Example 1. the farm as a component of industrial eriterpriie.. Example 2: the farm as part ofriature.. The philosophical/methodo1ogical approach of this book.. The coffee agroecosystem as a model system.. 2 A biodiverse cup of coffee: coffee agroforests as repositories of tropical biodiversity.. Background to biodiversity.. Taxonomic biases.. Geographic bias.. The agricultural connection.. Not all agriculture is the same.. Historical roots of agricultura1 transformation and biodiversity loss.. Biodiversity on the farm.. Intensification and biodiveriity: coffee as a model system.. The intensification gradient in coffee.. Costa Rira, coffee intensification and biodiversity: a case study.. Three decader of biodiversity research in coffee agoecosystems.. Pioneering biodiversity research in the coffee agroecosystem.. Biodiversity loss and coffee intensification: what causes the pattern?.. Balancing ecological and economic variables: optimality under constan conditions.. 3 The coffee agroecosystem as a high-quality matrix.. The coffee system and biodiversity debates.. Bringing dynamics into the picture.. Foundational arguments.. The ubiquitousness of extinctions.. Interfragment migrations.. The dynamics of extinctions and migrations in fragmented habitats: a theoretical approach.. Landscape structure and interfragment dynamics.. The basic elements of the matrix.. A meanjield approach to propagating sinks and ephemeral sources.. Conclusion.. 4 Space matters: large-scale spatial ecology within the coffee agroecosystem.. What do the spots of the jaguar and the distribution of ants on a coffee plantation have in common?.. Spatial patterns, power functions and the Turing process in the ant Azteca.. Spatial patterns: Turing on the farm.. Pattern and powerfunctions.. Implications of spatial patterns for system dynamics
505 2 _ a| Source-sink populations and metapopulations.. Coccus viridis: a metapopulation or a source-sink population?.. The great transformation.. Population density.. The idea of regime change.. Changes in spatial patterns of Azteca.. Regime change and the assumed Turing suppressor.. Alternatives for the suppressive force: food web elements.. The Effect of a Fungal Disease on Spatial Patterns.. The Effect of a Myrmecophilous Beetle on Spatial Patterns.. Summary.. 5 Who's eating whom and how: trophic and trait-mediated cascades in the coffee agroecosystem.. Birds: from icons of biodiversity to functional components of agroecosystems.. Omnivory and its place in food web structure.. Theoretical framework: omnivory and its relatives.. Theoretical framework: coupled oscillators.. Herbivores and their arthropod and vertebrate predators.. Teasing out the trophir structure in the coffee agroecosystem.. Trait-mediated effects in food webs.. What is trait mediation?.. Conceptualizing trait-mediated effects as fundamental non-linearities.. The complicated system of trait-mediated interactions associated with the Azteca ant.. Trait-mediated indirect effects as coupling agents in food webs.. 6 Interactions across spatial scales.. Introduction.. Small-scale patterns in the ant community.. Ecological competition and spatial pattern: the theory.. Natural history and spatial pattern: the special case of ants.. The major players in small-scale structuring.. The nature of the small-scale spatial pattern.. Interaction of the two spatial patterns and consequences for biological control.. Ants as predators of coffee pests.. The dialectics of predation and spatial structure.. 7 Biodiversity and ecosystem services.. Introduction: the nature of ecosystem services.. Pest management.. Our approach .. Vertebrate insectivores.. Ants as predators.. Azteca and the pest control complex.. The Green Coffee Scale and the Myrmecophylous Beetle.. The Coffee Rust Disease.. The Coffee Leaf Miner
505 2 _ a| The Pest Control Complex I.. Connecting Azteca With the Other ant Predators.. The Pest Control Complex II.. Mitigating Impacts of Climate Change.. Pollination Services.. Bees and Coffee Yield.. Interactions between Pollinators and Other Organisms.. Conclusion.. 8 Coffee, the agroecological landscape and farmers' livelihoods.. The interpenetration of farmers' and biodiversity issues.. The historical trajectory of biodiversity conservation in tropical lands.. The key biodiversity versus agriculture debates (SLOSS, FT, LSLS).. The key farming debates: the ideology of "intensification".. The matrix quality model.. The importance of extinction in the matrix model.. What is in the matrix?.. Connecting the matrix to broader socioeconomic structures.. An alternative framework: the New Rurality.. The convergence of food production with nature conservation.. 9 Syndromes of coffee production: embracing sustainability.. Syndromes of production as ecological regimes.. Dynamic background for syndromes.. The theory.. Educating the intuition about Q.. The case of coffee syndromes.. Self-generating dynamics of agricultural syndromes.. Biodiversity and function, conservation and matrix quality: the ecology and political ecology of coffee syndromes.. Referentes Index
520 1 _ a| Based on principles of the conservation and optimization of biodiversity and of equity and sustainability, this book focuses on the ecology of the coffee agroecosystem as a model for a sustainable agricultural ecosystem. It draws on the authors’ own research conducted over the last twenty years as well as incorporating the vast literature that has been generated on coffee agroecosystems from around the world. The book uses an integrated approach that weaves together various lines of research to understand the ecology of a very diverse tropical agroforestry system. Key concepts explored include biodiversity patterns, metapopulation dynamics and ecological networks. These are all set in a socioeconomic and political framework which relates them to the realities of farmers’ livelihoods. The authors provide a novel synthesis that will generate new understanding and can be applied to other examples of sustainable agriculture and food production. This synthesis also explains the ecosystem services provided by the approach, including the economic, fair trade and political aspects surrounding this all-important global commodity.
650 _ 4 a| Café
650 _ 4 a| Agroecología
650 _ 4 a| Agricultura sostenible
650 _ 4 a| Manejo de ecosistemas
650 _ 4 a| Cultivos tropicales
650 _ 4 a| Servicios ecosistémicos
650 _ 4 a| Conservación de la diversidad biológica
700 1 _ a| Vandermeer, John
e| coaut.
902 _ _ a| MIHL / MM
904 _ _ a| Marzo 2015
905 _ _ a| Acervo
905 _ _ a| Café
LNG eng
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Coffee agroecology: a new approach to unferstanding agricultural biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainable development / Ivette Perfecto and John Vandermeer
Perfecto, Ivette (autor)
Vandermeer, John (autor)
Editor: London : Routledge, 2015
ISBN: 0415826810
9780415826815
Descripción: xxi, 336 p. : fot., il. ; 23 cm.
Clasificación: 338.17373/P4
Bibliotecas:
San Cristóbal , Tapachula
Nota: Incluye bibliografía (p. 290-327) e índice (p. 328-336)
No. de sistema: 54140
Tipo: Libro


List of figures
List of tables
Preface
1 Wake up and smell the coffee (or a tale of two farms)
Introduction
Example 1. the farm as a component of industrial eriterpriie
Example 2: the farm as part ofriature
The philosophical/methodo1ogical approach of this book
The coffee agroecosystem as a model system
2 A biodiverse cup of coffee: coffee agroforests as repositories of tropical biodiversity
Background to biodiversity
Taxonomic biases
Geographic bias
The agricultural connection
Not all agriculture is the same
Historical roots of agricultura1 transformation and biodiversity loss
Biodiversity on the farm
Intensification and biodiveriity: coffee as a model system
The intensification gradient in coffee
Costa Rira, coffee intensification and biodiversity: a case study
Three decader of biodiversity research in coffee agoecosystems
Pioneering biodiversity research in the coffee agroecosystem
Biodiversity loss and coffee intensification: what causes the pattern?
Balancing ecological and economic variables: optimality under constan conditions
3 The coffee agroecosystem as a high-quality matrix
The coffee system and biodiversity debates
Bringing dynamics into the picture
Foundational arguments
The ubiquitousness of extinctions
Interfragment migrations
The dynamics of extinctions and migrations in fragmented habitats: a theoretical approach
Landscape structure and interfragment dynamics
The basic elements of the matrix
A meanjield approach to propagating sinks and ephemeral sources
Conclusion
4 Space matters: large-scale spatial ecology within the coffee agroecosystem
What do the spots of the jaguar and the distribution of ants on a coffee plantation have in common?
Spatial patterns, power functions and the Turing process in the ant Azteca
Spatial patterns: Turing on the farm
Pattern and powerfunctions
Implications of spatial patterns for system dynamics

Source-sink populations and metapopulations
Coccus viridis: a metapopulation or a source-sink population?
The great transformation
Population density
The idea of regime change
Changes in spatial patterns of Azteca
Regime change and the assumed Turing suppressor
Alternatives for the suppressive force: food web elements
The Effect of a Fungal Disease on Spatial Patterns
The Effect of a Myrmecophilous Beetle on Spatial Patterns
Summary
5 Who's eating whom and how: trophic and trait-mediated cascades in the coffee agroecosystem
Birds: from icons of biodiversity to functional components of agroecosystems
Omnivory and its place in food web structure
Theoretical framework: omnivory and its relatives
Theoretical framework: coupled oscillators
Herbivores and their arthropod and vertebrate predators
Teasing out the trophir structure in the coffee agroecosystem
Trait-mediated effects in food webs
What is trait mediation?
Conceptualizing trait-mediated effects as fundamental non-linearities
The complicated system of trait-mediated interactions associated with the Azteca ant
Trait-mediated indirect effects as coupling agents in food webs
6 Interactions across spatial scales
Introduction
Small-scale patterns in the ant community
Ecological competition and spatial pattern: the theory
Natural history and spatial pattern: the special case of ants
The major players in small-scale structuring
The nature of the small-scale spatial pattern
Interaction of the two spatial patterns and consequences for biological control
Ants as predators of coffee pests
The dialectics of predation and spatial structure
7 Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Introduction: the nature of ecosystem services
Pest management
Our approach
Vertebrate insectivores
Ants as predators
Azteca and the pest control complex
The Green Coffee Scale and the Myrmecophylous Beetle
The Coffee Rust Disease
The Coffee Leaf Miner

The Pest Control Complex I
Connecting Azteca With the Other ant Predators
The Pest Control Complex II
Mitigating Impacts of Climate Change
Pollination Services
Bees and Coffee Yield
Interactions between Pollinators and Other Organisms
Conclusion
8 Coffee, the agroecological landscape and farmers' livelihoods
The interpenetration of farmers' and biodiversity issues
The historical trajectory of biodiversity conservation in tropical lands
The key biodiversity versus agriculture debates (SLOSS, FT, LSLS)
The key farming debates: the ideology of "intensification"
The matrix quality model
The importance of extinction in the matrix model
What is in the matrix?
Connecting the matrix to broader socioeconomic structures
An alternative framework: the New Rurality
The convergence of food production with nature conservation
9 Syndromes of coffee production: embracing sustainability
Syndromes of production as ecological regimes
Dynamic background for syndromes
The theory
Educating the intuition about Q
The case of coffee syndromes
Self-generating dynamics of agricultural syndromes
Biodiversity and function, conservation and matrix quality: the ecology and political ecology of coffee syndromes
Referentes Index

Inglés

"Based on principles of the conservation and optimization of biodiversity and of equity and sustainability, this book focuses on the ecology of the coffee agroecosystem as a model for a sustainable agricultural ecosystem. It draws on the authors’ own research conducted over the last twenty years as well as incorporating the vast literature that has been generated on coffee agroecosystems from around the world. The book uses an integrated approach that weaves together various lines of research to understand the ecology of a very diverse tropical agroforestry system. Key concepts explored include biodiversity patterns, metapopulation dynamics and ecological networks. These are all set in a socioeconomic and political framework which relates them to the realities of farmers’ livelihoods. The authors provide a novel synthesis that will generate new understanding and can be applied to other examples of sustainable agriculture and food production. This synthesis also explains the ecosystem services provided by the approach, including the economic, fair trade and political aspects surrounding this all-important global commodity."

SIBE San Cristóbal
Codigo de barra
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ECO010015515
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ECO010017871
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SIBE Tapachula
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ECO020013449
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ECO020013225
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