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No. de sistema: 000059293

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245 0 0 a| Toward a political ecology of migration
b| land, labor migration, and climate change in Northwestern Nicaragua
506 _ _ a| Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
520 1 _ a| Smallholder labor migration and its relationship to climate change adaptation has received increasing attention, with migration often represented either as part of successful adaptive livelihood diversification or as symptomatic of a lack of in-place adaptive capacity. Using a case study, we focus on the relationship between labor migration, agrarian livelihood diversification, and climate change to further a more nuanced understanding of ‘‘migration as adaptation” than is implied by a simple dichotomy of success versus failure. Smallholder diversification, both on- and off-farm, has largely been framed as a risk- spreading practice that lowers climate change vulnerability. But after decades of advocating livelihood diversification, with labor migration now increasingly a part of smallholder livelihood activities, it is urgent to pose a number of questions: Why do smallholders migrate? How does labor migration unfold for them and with what outcomes? Our primary goal here is to explore the nature of the relationship of labor migration to climate change and climate change adaptation. Through empirical fieldwork in northwestern Nicaragua, we explore the role of labor migration in smallholder household production and reproduction, as families confront increasingly difficult climatic conditions for agricultural production and a relative absence of the state within a neoliberal political economy. Our analysis draws on household surveys and qualitative interviews and focus groups we carried out in the municipality of Somotillo, in northwestern Nicaragua, over three years (2013–15).
520 1 _ a| Our findings demonstrate that household labor migration neither facilitates adaptation to climate change nor reflects a failure to adapt, but rather reflects the weak position of smallholders in interlocking relations of power and the relative land scarcity experienced by many. We argue that labor migration barely maintains semi-subsistence agricultural production and reinforces existing social inequalities, raising questions regarding a conceptualization of ”migration as adaptation” and the benefits of this type of livelihood diversification.
530 _ _ a| Disponible en línea
533 _ _ a| Reproducción electrónica en formato PDF
538 _ _ a| Adobe Acrobat profesional 6.0 o superior
650 _ 4 a| Migración laboral
650 _ 4 a| Cambio climático
650 _ 4 a| Adaptación social
650 _ 4 a| Medios de vida
650 _ 4 a| Ecología política
650 _ 4 a| Neoliberalismo
651 _ 4 a| Somotillo (Chinandega, Nicaragua)
700 1 _ a| Radel, Claudia
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Schmook, Birgit Inge
c| Dra.
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Carte, Lindsey
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Márdero Jiménez, Silvia Sofía
e| autora
773 0 _
t| World Development
g| Vol. 108 (August 2018), p. 263-273
x| 0305-750X
900 _ _ a| Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
901 _ _ a| Artículo con arbitraje
902 _ _ a| BG / MM
904 _ _ a| enero 2019
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
LNG eng
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Toward a political ecology of migration: land, labor migration, and climate change in Northwestern Nicaragua
Radel, Claudia (autora)
Schmook, Birgit Inge (autor)
Carte, Lindsey (autor)
Márdero Jiménez, Silvia Sofía (autora)
Nota: Disponible en línea
Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
Contenido en: World Development. Vol. 108 (August 2018), p. 263-273. ISSN: 0305-750X
No. de sistema: 59293
Tipo: - Artículo con arbitraje
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"Smallholder labor migration and its relationship to climate change adaptation has received increasing attention, with migration often represented either as part of successful adaptive livelihood diversification or as symptomatic of a lack of in-place adaptive capacity. Using a case study, we focus on the relationship between labor migration, agrarian livelihood diversification, and climate change to further a more nuanced understanding of ‘‘migration as adaptation” than is implied by a simple dichotomy of success versus failure. Smallholder diversification, both on- and off-farm, has largely been framed as a risk- spreading practice that lowers climate change vulnerability. But after decades of advocating livelihood diversification, with labor migration now increasingly a part of smallholder livelihood activities, it is urgent to pose a number of questions: Why do smallholders migrate? How does labor migration unfold for them and with what outcomes? Our primary goal here is to explore the nature of the relationship of labor migration to climate change and climate change adaptation. Through empirical fieldwork in northwestern Nicaragua, we explore the role of labor migration in smallholder household production and reproduction, as families confront increasingly difficult climatic conditions for agricultural production and a relative absence of the state within a neoliberal political economy. Our analysis draws on household surveys and qualitative interviews and focus groups we carried out in the municipality of Somotillo, in northwestern Nicaragua, over three years (2013–15)."

"Our findings demonstrate that household labor migration neither facilitates adaptation to climate change nor reflects a failure to adapt, but rather reflects the weak position of smallholders in interlocking relations of power and the relative land scarcity experienced by many. We argue that labor migration barely maintains semi-subsistence agricultural production and reinforces existing social inequalities, raising questions regarding a conceptualization of ”migration as adaptation” and the benefits of this type of livelihood diversification."


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