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No. de sistema: 000059754

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008 _ _ 200303m20209999xx^^r^p^o^^^^z0^^^a0eng^d
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
043 _ _ a| n-mx-yu
a| n-mx-ca
044 _ _ a| xx
245 0 0 a| Community perception, adaptation and resilience to extreme weather in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
506 _ _ a| Acceso en línea sin restricciones
520 1 _ a| Perceptions of climate change, the impacts of and responses to climatic variability and extreme weather are explored in three communities in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, in relation to livelihood resilience. These communities provide examples of the most common livelihood strategies across the region: small-scale fisheries (San Felipe) and semi-subsistence small-holder farming (Tzucacab and Calakmul). Although the perception that annual rainfall is reducing is not supported by instrumental records, changes in the timing of vital summer rainfall and an intensification of the mid-summer drought (canicula) are confirmed. The impact of both droughts and hurricanes on livelihoods and crop yields was reported across all communities, although the severity varied. Changes in traditional milpa cultivation were seen to be driven by less reliable rainfall but also by changes in Mexico’s agricultural and wider economic policies. Diversification was a common adaptation response across all communities and respondents, resulting in profound changes in livelihood strategies. Government attempts to reduce vulnerability were foundto lack continuity, be hard to access and too orientated toward commercial scale producers. Population growth, higher temperatures and reduced summer rainfall will increase the pressures on communities reliant on small-scale farming and fishing, and a more nuanced understanding of both impacts and adaptations is required for improved livelihood resilience. Greater recognition of such local-scale adaptation strategies should underpin the developing Mexican National Adaptation Policy and provide a template for approaches internationally as adaptation becomes an increasingly important part of the global strategy to cope with climate change.
533 _ _ a| Reproducción electrónica en formato PDF
538 _ _ a| Adobe Acrobat profesional 6.0 o superior
650 _ 4 a| Medios de vida
650 _ 4 a| Pesca artesanal
650 _ 4 a| Agricultura de subsistencia
650 _ 4 a| Cambio climático
650 _ 4 a| Resiliencia
651 _ 4 a| San Felipe (Yucatán, México)
651 _ 4 a| Tzucacab (Yucatán, México)
651 _ 4 a| Calakmul (Campeche, México)
700 1 _ a| Metcalfe, Sarah E.
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Schmook, Birgit Inge
c| Dra.
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Boyd, Doreen S.
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Barreda Bautista, Betsabe De la
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Endfield, Georgina E.
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Márdero Jiménez, Silvia Sofía
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Manzón Che, María de Jesús
c| Mtra.
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Medina González, Roger
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Munguía Gil, María Teresa
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Navarro Olmedo, Santana
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Perea, Alejandra
e| autora
773 0 _
t| Regional Environmental Change
g| Vol. 20, no. 1, article number 25 (March 2020), p. 1-15
x| 1436-3798
856 4 1 u| https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-020-01586-w
z| Artículo electrónico
902 _ _ a| BG / MM
904 _ _ a| Marzo 2020
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
LNG eng
Cerrar
Community perception, adaptation and resilience to extreme weather in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Metcalfe, Sarah E. (autora)
Schmook, Birgit Inge (autora)
Boyd, Doreen S. (autora)
Barreda Bautista, Betsabe De la (autora)
Endfield, Georgina E. (autora)
Márdero Jiménez, Silvia Sofía (autora)
Manzón Che, María de Jesús (autora)
Medina González, Roger (autor)
Munguía Gil, María Teresa (autora)
Navarro Olmedo, Santana (autor)
Perea, Alejandra (autora)
Nota: Acceso en línea sin restricciones
Contenido en: Regional Environmental Change. Vol. 20, no. 1, article number 25 (March 2020), p. 1-15. ISSN: 1436-3798
No. de sistema: 59754
Tipo: Artículo
PDF


Inglés

"Perceptions of climate change, the impacts of and responses to climatic variability and extreme weather are explored in three communities in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, in relation to livelihood resilience. These communities provide examples of the most common livelihood strategies across the region: small-scale fisheries (San Felipe) and semi-subsistence small-holder farming (Tzucacab and Calakmul). Although the perception that annual rainfall is reducing is not supported by instrumental records, changes in the timing of vital summer rainfall and an intensification of the mid-summer drought (canicula) are confirmed. The impact of both droughts and hurricanes on livelihoods and crop yields was reported across all communities, although the severity varied. Changes in traditional milpa cultivation were seen to be driven by less reliable rainfall but also by changes in Mexico’s agricultural and wider economic policies. Diversification was a common adaptation response across all communities and respondents, resulting in profound changes in livelihood strategies. Government attempts to reduce vulnerability were foundto lack continuity, be hard to access and too orientated toward commercial scale producers. Population growth, higher temperatures and reduced summer rainfall will increase the pressures on communities reliant on small-scale farming and fishing, and a more nuanced understanding of both impacts and adaptations is required for improved livelihood resilience. Greater recognition of such local-scale adaptation strategies should underpin the developing Mexican National Adaptation Policy and provide a template for approaches internationally as adaptation becomes an increasingly important part of the global strategy to cope with climate change."


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