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No. de sistema: 000060529

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008 _ _ 201104s2020^^^^gw^ab^^fo^^^^z000^0^eng^d
040 _ _ a| ECO
c| ECO
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245 0 0 a| Lessons on local socio-environmental systems and rural producers’ local visions to inform on public policy for Latin America
506 _ _ a| Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
520 1 _ a| This chapter aims to present a synthesis of learned lessons on Local Socio-Environmental Systems (LSES) and rural producers’ local visions regarding the regimes complex’s effects on indigenous and rural productive systems present in Latin American (LA) territories. The majority of the studied territories have important biophysical reserves of water, minerals, and forests, like the Mayan area and the Amazon, which are inhabited by indigenous and traditional peoples. We used a transdisciplinary approach as well as Bonfil-Batalla’s cultural control theory to categorize territories according to the sources of rural producers’ key local resources and their capacity for decision-making regarding these resources in seven LA countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico). The LSES’ main components are the Political-Economic Group (PEG), the Socio-Academic Group (SAG), and the Group of Producers (GP). All of them interact, mediated by asymmetric power relations, at territorial landscapes. Although different territorial dynamics were observed in different countries, our results show that current public policies promoted by social, environmental, educational, and law regimes are based on approaches that break with local visions of rural development. Moreover, a predominant model of interaction among the PEG, GP, and SAG was found in the studied LSES. In this model, the interaction among actors is driven by PEGs—as they determine the laws and market conditions imposed to control rural production processes located in the territory’s landscapes.
520 1 _ a| This model results in a reduced action by the GPs who experience conditions of exclusion, marginalization, poverty as well as a deterioration of their landscapes. In some case studies, the GPs increased their actions’ margin by developing collaborative partnerships with the SAG, which eventually generate collective action initiatives and/or innovation niches related to territorial autonomy and well-conserved landscapes. Moreover, among the cultural control processes findings, few examples of “appropriated territory” and “autonomous territory” are identified whereas the most common findings were “imposed territories” and “alienated territories,” which reinforce the dominant role of PEGs. Lastly, we provide public policy recommendations that are informed by both, decades of research in LA rural territories and lessons learned from the case studies analyzed. These recommendations are rooted in post-development thinking; they promote territorial public policy with social inclusion and a human rights approach; hence, they foresee new dynamics for interactions among the GP, SAG, and PEG.
700 1 _ a| Bello Baltazar, Eduardo
c| Dr.
d| 1960-
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva
c| Dr.
e| autora
700 1 _ a| Parra Vázquez, Manuel Roberto
c| Doctor
e| autor
700 1 _ a| Gomes de Araujo, Luciana
e| autora
773 0 _
t| Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors
d| Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020
g| páginas 437-461
z| 978-3-030-49767-5
900 _ _ a| Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
902 _ _ a| GOG / MM
904 _ _ a| Noviembre 2020
905 _ _ a| Artecosur
905 _ _ a| Biblioelectrónica
LNG eng
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Lessons on local socio-environmental systems and rural producers’ local visions to inform on public policy for Latin America
Bello Baltazar, Eduardo, 1960- (autor)
Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora)
Parra Vázquez, Manuel Roberto (autor)
Gomes de Araujo, Luciana (autora)
Nota: Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors. Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020. páginas 437-461. ISBN: 978-3-030-49767-5
No. de sistema: 60529
Tipo: Capítulo de libro
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"This chapter aims to present a synthesis of learned lessons on Local Socio-Environmental Systems (LSES) and rural producers’ local visions regarding the regimes complex’s effects on indigenous and rural productive systems present in Latin American (LA) territories. The majority of the studied territories have important biophysical reserves of water, minerals, and forests, like the Mayan area and the Amazon, which are inhabited by indigenous and traditional peoples. We used a transdisciplinary approach as well as Bonfil-Batalla’s cultural control theory to categorize territories according to the sources of rural producers’ key local resources and their capacity for decision-making regarding these resources in seven LA countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico). The LSES’ main components are the Political-Economic Group (PEG), the Socio-Academic Group (SAG), and the Group of Producers (GP). All of them interact, mediated by asymmetric power relations, at territorial landscapes. Although different territorial dynamics were observed in different countries, our results show that current public policies promoted by social, environmental, educational, and law regimes are based on approaches that break with local visions of rural development. Moreover, a predominant model of interaction among the PEG, GP, and SAG was found in the studied LSES. In this model, the interaction among actors is driven by PEGs—as they determine the laws and market conditions imposed to control rural production processes located in the territory’s landscapes."

"This model results in a reduced action by the GPs who experience conditions of exclusion, marginalization, poverty as well as a deterioration of their landscapes. In some case studies, the GPs increased their actions’ margin by developing collaborative partnerships with the SAG, which eventually generate collective action initiatives and/or innovation niches related to territorial autonomy and well-conserved landscapes. Moreover, among the cultural control processes findings, few examples of “appropriated territory” and “autonomous territory” are identified whereas the most common findings were “imposed territories” and “alienated territories,” which reinforce the dominant role of PEGs. Lastly, we provide public policy recommendations that are informed by both, decades of research in LA rural territories and lessons learned from the case studies analyzed. These recommendations are rooted in post-development thinking; they promote territorial public policy with social inclusion and a human rights approach; hence, they foresee new dynamics for interactions among the GP, SAG, and PEG."