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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Ávila Nájera, Dulce María
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- Artículo con arbitraje
An evaluation of the contemporary uses and cultural significance of mammals in Mexico
Ávila Nájera, Dulce María (autora) ; Naranjo Piñera, Eduardo Jorge (autor) (1963-) ; Jane Tigar, Barbara (autora) ; Villarreal Espino Barros, Oscar Agustín (autor) ; Mendoza, Germán David (autor) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Ethnobiology Letters Vol. 9, no. 2 (2018), p. 124–135 ISSN: 2159-8126
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We evaluated current uses of wild mammals by indigenous and mestizo communities in Mexico by extracting data from 59 sources published or produced between 1987–2017, covering data from 240 localities and 3,905 questionnaires. We then calculated a Cultural Value Index (CVI) previously applied to plants to quantify resource use and assess the cultural significance of each mammal. A total of 82 species were reported, and the animals with the highest cultural importance according to their CVI (in brackets) were two species of deer (Odocoileus virginianus [18.32] and Mazama temama [10.04]), as well as the nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus [14.18]), white-nosed coati (Nasua narica [14.75]), collared peccary (Pecari tajaccu [11.90]), northern raccoon (Procyon lotor [11.28]) and spotted paca (Cuniculus paca [9.84]). The most common uses were for food, to reduce the damage or harm they cause, and for medicinal purposes, with O. virginianus, P. lotor, N. narica, and D. novemcinctus frequently hunted for all these reasons. Our analysis also highlighted the hunting of rarer species of national conservation concern, including commercial trading of body parts of the felids Panthera onca, Leopardus pardalis, and Leopardus wiedii. By quantifying the ethnozoological significance of wildlife to indigenous communities, indices such as CVI provide a robust measure of the extent of use and preference for particular species or taxa. This adds to the body of evidence used to develop effective regulations and laws related to harvesting and hunting, and helps promote a more sustainable and long-term approach to the use of natural resources.

*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Estimación poblacional y conservación de felinos (Carnivora: Felidae) en el norte de Quintana Roo, México
Ávila Nájera, Dulce María ; Chávez Tovar, Cuauhtémoc (coaut.) ; Lazcano Barrero, Marco Antonio (coaut.) ; Pérez Elizalde, Sergio (coaut.) ; Alcántara Carbajal, José Luis (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Revista de Biología Tropical Vol. 63, no. 3 (setiembre 2015), p. 799-813 ISSN: 0034-7744
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
SIBE San Cristóbal
56577-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Population estimates and conservation of felids (Carnivora: Felidae) in Northern Quintana Roo, Mexico. Wildlife density estimates provide an idea of the current state of populations, and in some cases, reflect the conservation status of ecosystems, essential aspects for effective management actions. In Mexico, several regions have been identified as high priority areas for the conservation of species that have some level of risk, like the Yucatan Peninsula (YP), where the country has the largest population of jaguars. However, little is known about the current status of threatened and endangered felids, which coexist in the Northeastern portion of the Peninsula. Our objective was to estimate the wild cats’ density population over time at El Eden Ecological Reserve (EEER) and its surrounding areas. Camera trap surveys over four years (2008, 2010, 2011 and 2012) were conducted, and data were obtained with the use of capture-recapture models for closed populations (CAPTURE + MMDM or ½ MMDM), and the spatially explicit capture-recapture model (SPACECAP). The species studied were jaguar (Panthera onca), puma (Puma concolor), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), jaguarundi (Puma yaguaroundi) and margay (Leopardus wiedii). Capture frequency was obtained for all five species and the density for three (individuals/100km2).

The density estimated with The Mean Maximum Distance Moved (MMDM), CAPTURE, ranged from 1.2 to 2.6 for jaguars, from 1.7 to 4.3 for pumas and from 1.4 to 13.8 for ocelots. The density estimates in SPACECAP ranged from 0.7 to 3.6 for jaguars, from 1.8 to 5.2 for pumas and 2.1 to 5.1 for ocelots. Spatially explicit capture recapture (SECR) methods in SPACECAP were less likely to overestimate densities, making it a useful tool in the planning and decision making process for the conservation of these species. The Northeastern portion of the Yucatan Peninsula maintains high populations of cats, the EEER and its surrounding areas are valuable sites for the conservation of this group of predators.