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3 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Abrams, Jesse
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Between environmental change and neoliberalism: the effects of oil palm production on livelihood resilience
Abrams, Jesse (autor) ; Pischke, Erin C. (autor) ; Mesa Jurado, María Azahara (autora) ; Eastmond Spencer, Amarella (autora) ; Silva, Chelsea A. (autora) ; Moseley, Cassandra (autora) ;
Contenido en: Society & Natural Resources An International Journal Vol. 32, no. 5 (June 2019), p. 548–565 ISSN: 0894-1920
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Rural communities worldwide are increasingly confronted with the simultaneous impacts of environmental change dynamics and processes of economic restructuring that diminish traditional sources of state support while shifting investments toward large-scale intensive production models. A key question in this context is how livelihoods are affected by these interacting forces of change and whether new production models can contribute to resilience at the household and community scales. Here we examine the impacts of oil palm production on marginal rural communities in Mexico that have experienced both the economic changes associated with neoliberal policy reforms and the dynamics of environmental change. We find that oil palm production can contribute to livelihood resilience when community members participate in its management and governance and when production is associated with state support, but that the kinds of neoliberal policies promoting oil palm expansion may exacerbate existing community vulnerabilities in the face of environmental change.

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Community perceptions of socioecological stressors and risk-reducing strategies in Tabasco, Mexico
Pischke, Erin C. ; Mesa Jurado, María Azahara (coaut.) ; Eastmond Spencer, Amarella (coaut.) ; Abrams, Jesse (coaut.) ; Halvorsen, Kathleen E. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences Vol. 8, no. 4 (December 2018), p. 441-451 ISSN: 2190-6491
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Rural inhabitants in many parts of the world face multiple stressors associated with socioecological and climatic change, yet their risk-reducing strategies have rarely been linked to these stressors. Extant studies present unclear and often unspecific definitions of adaptation or focus on just one type of stressor rather than acknowledging that there can be multiple responses to myriad stressors. In an attempt to overcome some of these gaps, we utilize a typology of adaptation strategies that addresses deficiencies in the current adaptation literature. This research draws on qualitative interview data to examine resident perceptions of water-related socioecological and climatic changes and potential risk-reducing strategies within small rural communities in Tabasco, Mexico. The increased frequency of drought and flooding in low-lying areas near the Usumacinta River has reduced local community members’ ability to sustain their livelihoods. Results from interview analysis show that residents are using four major strategies that they perceive as helping them respond to water-related problems. They are mobility, diversification, communal pooling, and environmental management. Our findings contribute to understandings of rural community risk reduction strategies that may be shared by other rural communities in places around the world experiencing negative climate change impacts.

Human dimensions of ecological restoration: integrating science, nature, and culture / edited by Dave Egan, Evan E. Hjerpe, and Jesse Abrams
Egan, Dave (ed.) ; Hjerpe, Evan E. (coed.) ; Abrams, Jesse (coed.) ;
Washington, DC : Island Press , c2011
Clasificación: 333.7153 / H8
Bibliotecas: Villahermosa
SIBE Villahermosa
ECO050005508 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
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Resumen en inglés

When it comes to implementing successful ecological restoration projects, the social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions are often as important as-and sometimes more important than-technical or biophysical knowledge. Human Dimensions of Ecological Restoration takes an interdisciplinary look at the myriad human aspects of ecological restoration. In twenty-six chapters written by experts from around the world, it provides practical and theoretical information, analysis, models, and guidelines for optimizing human involvement in restoration projects. Six categories of social activities are examined: collaboration between land manager and stakeholders ecological economics volunteerism and community-based restoration environmental education ecocultural and artistic practices policy and politics For each category, the book offers an introductory theoretical chapter followed by multiple case studies, each of which focuses on a particular aspect of the category and provides a perspective from within a unique social/political/cultural setting. Human Dimensions of Ecological Restoration delves into the often-neglected aspects of ecological restoration that ultimately make the difference between projects that are successfully executed and maintained with the support of informed, engaged citizens, and those that are unable to advance past the conceptual stage due to misunderstandings or apathy. The lessons contained will be valuable to restoration veterans and greenhorns alike, scholars and students in a range of fields, and individuals who care about restoring their local lands and waters.


Chapter 1. Why People Matter in in Ecological Restoration
PART I. Participation: Volunteers
Chapter 2. Restoration and Stewardship Volunteerism
Chapter 3. From Adversity to Diversity: The Cape Florida Project
Chapter 4. Restoring Coasts and Connections on a South Australian Coastline
Chapter 5. Inclusive Urban Ecological Restoration in Toronto, Canada
PART II. Participation: Collaboration
Chapter 6. Public Participation and Socioecological Resilience
Chapter 7. Collaboration: A Catalyst for Restoration
Chapter 8. Community-Based Forest Management in Arcata, California
Chapter 9. Ecological Restoration as the Zone of Agreement in Southeast Alaska
PART III. Power: Politics, Governance, and Planning
Chapter 10. Toward a Political Ecology of Ecosystem Restoration
Chapter 11. Ecological Restoration across Landscapes of Politics, Policy, and Property
Chapter 12. The Policy Context of the White Mountain Stewardship Contract
Chapter 13. Climate Change Implications for Ecological Restoration Planning
PART IV. Power: Restoration Economics
Chapter 14. Merging Economics and Ecology in Ecological Restoration
Chapter 15. The ARISE Project in South Africa
Chapter 16. Jobs and Community in Humboldt County, California
Chapter 17. Game Theory Tools for Improving Ecological Restoration Outcomes
PART V. Perspective: Eco-cultural Restoration
Chapter 18. Restoration and Reciprocity: The Contributions of Traditional Ecological Knowledge
Chapter 19. Implications of Landscape History and Cultural Severance for Restoration in England
Chapter 20. Eco-cultural Restoration of the Mesopotamian Marshes, Southern Iraq
Chapter 21. Environmental Art as Eco-cultural Restoration
PART VI. Perspective: Restoration-Based Education
Chapter 22. Restoration-Based Education: Teach the Children Well
Chapter 23. Great Plains Environmental Education: A Personal Reflection

Chapter 24. Realizing the Education Potential of Ecological Restoration
Chapter 25. Educating Teachers and Increasing Environmental Literacy
Chapter 26. Synthesis: Participation, Power, Perspective
List of Contributors