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24 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Aldasoro, E.M
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1.
Libro
Los insectos en la cultura hñähñu / Miriam Aldasoro Maya
Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam ;
México : [Programa de Apoyo a las Culturas Municipales y Comunitarias] :: [Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologìa] , s.a.
Clasificación: C/641.495097 / A4
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010014462 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1

2.
Artículo
Home gardens' agrobiodiversity and owners' knowledge of their ecological, economic and socio-cultural multifunctionality: a case study in the lowlands of Tabasco, México
Avilez López, Teresita (autora) ; Van Der Wal, Hans (autor) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (autora) ; Rodríguez Robles, Ulises (autor) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Volumen 16, número 1 (July 2020), p. 1-13 ISSN: 1746-4269
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Background: Home gardens (HGs) are hotspots of in situ agrobiodiversity conservation. We conducted a case study in Tabasco, México, on HG owners’ knowledge of HG ecological, economical and socio-cultural multifunctionality and how it relates to agrobiodiversity as measured by species richness and diversity. The term multifunctionality knowledge refers to owners’ knowledge on how HGs contribute to ecological processes, family economy, as well as human relations and local culture. We hypothesized a positive correlation between owners’ multifunctionality knowledge and their HGs’ agrobiodiversity. Methods: We inventoried all perennial species in 20 HGs, determined observed species richness, calculated Shannon diversity indexes and analysed species composition using non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS). Based on literature, semi-structured interviews and a dialogue of knowledge with HG owners, we catalogued the locally recognized functions in the ecological, economic and socio-cultural dimensions. We determined the score of knowledge on each function in the three dimensions on explicit scales based on the interviews and observed management. We determined Spearman rs correlations of HGs’ observed species richness, Shannon diversity index (H) and of HGs’ scores on NMDS-axis and multifunctionality knowledge scores. We dialogued on the results and implications for agrobiodiversity conservation at workshops of HG owners, researchers and local organizations.

Results: HG agrobiodiversity and owners’ multifunctionality knowledge in the study area showed large variation. Average richness was 59.6 perennial species, varying from 21 to 107 species, and total observed richness was 280 species. A total of 38 functions was distinguished, with 14, 12 and 12 functions in the ecological, economic and socio-cultural dimensions. Total multifunctionality knowledge scores varied from 64.1 to 106.6, with an average of 87.2. Socio-cultural functionality knowledge scores were the highest, followed by scores in the ecological and economic dimensions. Species richness and Shannon H were significantly correlated with ecological functionality knowledge (rs=0.68 and P< 0.001 in both cases), and species richness was also correlated with economic functionality knowledge (rs=0.47, P= 0.03). Species composition scores on the first and second axes of NMDS was significantly correlated with knowledge of ecological multifunctionality, with rs= 0.49 resp-0.49 and P= 0.03 in both cases. Other functionality knowledge scores showed no correlation with NMDS scores. Dialogue in workshops confirmed the interwovenness of multifunctionality knowledge and agrobiodiversity. Conclusion: The rich agrobiodiversity of home gardens cherished by rural families in Tabasco relates with the knowledge about HG functionality in the ecological and economic dimensions. Also, species composition relates with ecological functionality knowledge. The socio-cultural functionality knowledge, which includes many elements beyondthe individual HG, is not correlated with agrobiodiversity, but had the highest scores. Our results show that multifunctionality knowledge provides many opportunities for the participative conception and planning of policies and actions necessary to conserve agrobiodiversity.


3.
Artículo
Agroecology and restoration ecology: fertile ground for Mexican peasant territoriality
Guzmán Luna, Alejandra (autora) ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Giraldo, Omar (autor) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (autora) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (autora) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 10 (2019), p. 1174–1200 ISSN: 2168-3573
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Agroecological transformation must often take place in degraded landscapes. Thus, ecological restoration and related fields may extend agroecology’s reach. At the same time, agroecological practice may enhance ecological functions, contributing to ecosystem recovery in rural landscapes. The long-term impact of these initiatives will depend upon how they mesh with peasant territoriality; the relationship between land and people in its socioeconomic, political-institutional and symbolic-cultural dimensions. We analyzed agroecological and restoration/recuperation initiatives originating from government and non-governmental organizations with direct government support, and from peasant protagonism. We examined official records of initiatives in both categories, conducted in-depth interviews with public officials, and surveyed 47 small peasants associated with organic and agroecological markets. Government and government-linked NGO initiatives operate according to a neoliberal vision of sustainable-development that privileges generation of financial capital, also they have decreased their support for agroecology, and have little or no engagement with restoration/recuperation in terms of ecological or social complexity. By contrast, we identify a strong tendency in peasant agroecology that incorporates restoration/recuperation to achieve greater ecological and cultural complexity. The synergies that arise between agroecology and ecological recovery contribute to the construction of peasant territoriality, and are particularly evident in initiatives driven by indigenous organizations.


4.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Agroecology on the periphery: a case from the Maya-Achí territory, Guatemala
Einbinder, Nathan ; Morales, H. (autora) ; Mier Y Terán-Giménez Cacho, Mateo (autor) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (autora) ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Nigh Nielsen, Ronald (autor) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 7-8 (June 2019), p. 744-763 ISSN: 2168-3565
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

In this paper we examine processes of scaling agroecological practices in the Maya-Achí territory of Guatemala. We compare the Achí case to other examples documented in the literature and the key factors, or “drivers,” reported as important if not essential for scaling to occur. We find that the Achí scase is complex with regard to these drivers. Factors such as constructivist learning/teaching methods, favorable public policies, and strong social fabric appear to be weak, absent, or even negative. This is due in part to the violence and repression of the 1980s, which resulted in the assassination of 20 percent of the population by the military and paramilitaries, leaving the territory socially fragmented. Projects incorporating agroecology (revalorization of ancestral practices, seed saving, elimination of external inputs, strengthening soil health, increasing/guarding agrobiodiversity) are viewed as a potential strategy to aid in community recovery, and are promoted by local associations as well as by international institutions and NGOs. While social and cultural recuperation were initially hypothesized as primary causes for the adoption of practices, we encounter a range of additional and complex factors, such as the expectation of economic benefits and the presence of aid and development organizations. By analyzing these drivers and barriers we contribute to the ongoing debate over how agroecological practices may be scaled-out, particularly in regions exhibiting less than ideal conditions.


5.
Artículo
Especies alimenticias de recolección y cultura culinaria: patrimonio biocultural de la comunidad popoloca Todos Santos Almolonga, Puebla, México
Santos Tanús, Araceli (autora) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (autora) ; Rojas Serrano, Coral (autora) ; Morales, H. (autora) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Nova Scientia Volumen 11, número 2 (2019), páginas 296-342 ISSN: 2007-0705
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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Las Especies Alimenticias de Recolección (EAR) son el conjunto de alimentos (hierbas, frutas, semillas, flores y animales) que crecen de manera natural y forman parte de la alimentación de diferentes grupos culturales. Estos alimentos permiten conservar la biodiversidad, ofrecen la posibilidad de diversificar el consumo de alimentos y contar con dietas más saludables. México es uno de los países con mayor diversidad biológica y cultural: biocultural, la cual ha originado la creación y conservación de cocinas bioculturales. De estas son guardianes primordialmente los pueblos rurales, las comunidades indígenas y las mujeres cocineras, que reproducen sus prácticas alimentarias y se apropian de sus riquezas naturales a través de ellas. Las cocinas bioculturales son la esencia de la preservación de la cultura alimentaria. El análisis de ésta es relevante porque a través de ella se determinan los patrones alimentarios comunes. La presente investigación analiza la cultura alimentaria entre los pobladores de Todos Santos Almolonga desde el enfoque de Patrimonio Biocultural, que contribuye a la permanencia del consumo de 23 EAR; así como la valoración y percepción que tienen del consumo de estos alimentos. El estudio fue de corte cualitativo con métodos mixtos, para ello se realizó una encuesta a 59 unidades domésticas, dos recorridos a las zonas de recolección, se aplicaron 9 entrevistas semi-estructuradas, pláticas informales y se hicieron actividades de preparación de guisos locales con las EAR.

Se codificaron las encuestas, entrevistas, notas de campo y diario de campo. Se encontró que existe una cultura alimentaria basada en el consumo de las EAR, la cual se encuentra en familias que se dedican a actividades del campo (52.5 %), son quienes principalmente conservan los saberes locales, producen-recolectan y presentan el mayor consumo de alimentos de recolección. Existen dos formas de acceso a estos alimentos: por recolección directa dada su cercanía y acceso y por intercambio comercial por su lejanía o colecta laboriosa. Las formas de ingesta de las EAR son primordialmente en crudo, asadas y hervidas. Los dos factores que contribuyen más a que las EAR estén presentes en la dieta de los pobladores son: el factor sociocultural, refuerza la parte de la identidad colectiva y el tejido social, y el factor salud, donde la población identificó su importancia desde la parte nutricional, de bienestar y en la prevención de enfermedades. En la comunidad se destacó el factor sociocultural en el consumo de las EAR sobre el criterio económico que es el discurso dominante en los últimos tiempos y que le resta importancia a toda la construcción cultural y cosmovisión de los pueblos y comunidades indígenas.

Resumen en inglés

The Food Collection Species (EAR) are the set of foods (herbs, fruits, seeds, flowers and animals) that grow naturally and are part of the diet of different cultural groups. These foods allow the conservation of biodiversity, offer the possibility of diversifying the consumption of food and have healthier diets. Mexico is one of the countries with the greatest biological and cultural diversity: biocultural, which has originated the creation and conservation of biocultural kitchens. Of these, rural people, indigenous communities and women cooks, who reproduce their food practices and appropriate their natural riches through them, are primarily guardians. The biocultural kitchens are the essence of the preservation of the food culture. The analysis of this is relevant because through it the common dietary patterns are determined. The present investigation analyzes the alimentary culture between the settlers of Todos Santos Almolonga from the Biocultural Heritage focus, which contributes to the permanence of the consumption of 23 EAR; as well as the assessment and perception. The study was qualitative with mixed methods, for this a survey was carried out to 59 domestic units, two routes to the collection areas, 9 semi-structured interviews were applied, informal talks and activities were carried out to prepare local stews with the EAR The surveys, interviews, field notes and field diary were coded.

It was found that there is a food culture based on the consumption of EAR, which is found in families that are engaged in field activities (52.5%), are those who mainly conserve local knowledge, produce-collect and present the highest consumption of collection food. There are two forms of access to these foods: by direct harvesting given their proximity and access and by commercial exchange for their remoteness or laborious harvesting. The forms of consumption of the EAR are primarily raw, roasted and boiled. The two factors that contribute most to the EAR are present in the diet of the inhabitants are: the sociocultural factor, reinforces the part of the collective identity and social fabric, and the health factor, where the population identified its importance from the nutritional, wellness and in the prevention of diseases. In the community, the sociocultural factor in the consumption of EARs on the economic criterion that is the dominant discourse in recent times and that downplays the entire cultural construction and view of indigenous peoples and communities was highlighted.


6.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Special issue editorial: what do we mean by agroecological scaling?
Ferguson, Bruce G. (1967-) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (coaut.) ; Giraldo Palacio, Omar Felipe (coaut.) ; Mier y Terán Giménez Cacho, Mateo (coaut.) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ; Rosset, Peter Michael (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 7-8 (Aug. 2019), p. 722-723 ISSN: 2168-3565
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7.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Territorial resilience the third dimension of agroecological scaling: approximations from three peasant experiences in the South of Mexico
Guzmán Luna, Alejandra ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (coaut.) (1967-) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (coaut.) ; Giraldo Palacio, Omar Felipe (coaut.) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 7-8 (2019), p. 764-784 ISSN: 2168-3565
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

In this paper we explore the depth dimension of agroecological scaling. Through interviews, focus groups and participant observation, we explore the link between agroecology and the recovery and maintenance of ecosystem functions through three case studies in peasant communities in southern Mexico. These communities have contrasting ecological, social and historical contexts, but all engage in autonomous initiatives for agroecology and nature protection. We found that agroecology deepens when rooted in a cultural matrix of peasant identity, spiritual values, and local institutions.


8.
Libro
Las abejas sin aguijón y su cultivo en Oaxaca, México: con catálogo de especies / Noemi Arnold, Raquel Zepeda, Marco Vásquez Dávila y Miriam Aldasoro Maya
Arnold, Noemi ; Zepeda, Raquel (coaut.) ; Vásquez Dávila, Marco Antonio (coaut.) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (coaut.) ;
San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur :: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad :: Dr. Rémy Benoit Marie Vandame , 2018
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Índice

Introducción
1. Biología de las abejas sin aguijón
1.1 Características generales de las abejas
1.2 Características de las abejas sin aguijón
2. El cultivo de las abejas sin aguijón: la meliponicultura
2.1. Antecedentes del manejo de las abejas sin aguijón en América
2.2 El manejo contemporáneo de las abejas sin aguijón
3. Los productos de la colmena: miel, cerumen, polen y propóleo
3.1 Miel
3.2 Cera o cerumen
3.3 Polen
3.4 Propóleo
4. La meliponicultura en Oaxaca
4.1. Antecedentes
4.2. La meliponicultura actual en Oaxaca
5. Conservación de las abejas sin aguijón
5.1. La disminución de las abejas
5.2 Propuestas para una meliponicultura que sea parte de las soluciones
Consideraciones finales
Glosario
Bibliografía
La pequeña Cuzamil


9.
Capítulo de libro
Agrobiodiversidad en huertos familiares y conservación de los bosques tropicales: el caso del sureste de México
Van Der Wal, Hans ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (coaut.) ; Poot Pool, Wilbert Santiago (coaut.) ; Serrano Ysunza, Andrea Alejandra (coaut.) ; Alcudia Aguilar, Alejandro (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Exploring Frameworks for tropical forest conservation : integrating natural and cultural diversity for sustainability. A global perspective México : UNESCO : INECOL, 2018 p. 254-265 ISBN:978-607-7579-79-3
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Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

Analizamos cómo el cambio rural en el sureste mexicano influye en la agrobiodiversidad arbórea y arbustiva en huertos familiares —considerados como entes bioculturales— y cuáles son las implicaciones para la conservación de los bosques tropicales. Partimos de estudios disponibles sobre la relación entre, por un lado, la agrobiodiversidad y, por otro lado, la diferenciación social al interior de comunidades, el grado de urbanidad/ruralidad de estas y los paisajes culturales en los cuales están inmersos los huertos. La diferenciación social, manifiesta entre otros factores en una tenencia de la tierra cada vez más inequitativa, incide en la agrobiodiversidad en los huertos: las familias relativamente pobres conservan más especies nativas, por depender más de la gama de productos que estas proporcionan, mientras que familias relativamente ricas se concentran en frutales.

En comunidades rurales había mayor riqueza de especies arbóreas y arbustivas y mayor proporción de árboles nativas que en huertos periurbanos. En los paisajes culturales más deforestados de agricultura industrializada y ganadería extensiva, emanados de un megaproyecto de modernización y colonización, la agrobiodiversidad en los huertos fue menor que en el paisaje cultural menos deforestado de agricultura de subsistencia y ganadería en la misma región. En un área fuertemente deforestada e impactada socialmente y económicamente por la industria petrolera, de largo historial de ocupación, se mantuvo una alta agrobiodiversidad, con un componente relevante de especies de la región nacidas espontáneamente y toleradas. Lo anterior demuestra la diversificación de los huertos familiares en el sureste mexicano en los procesos de cambio en curso. Se mantienen como entes bioculturales de alta agrobiodiversidad, de la cual la mayor parte (las especies nativas y neotropicales) son compartidas con la vegetación regional. Con ello, los huertos familiares representan una contribución mayor a la conservación de los bosques tropicales y las culturas locales asociadas a ellos.


10.
Artículo
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Bringing agroecology to scale: key drivers and emblematic cases
Mier y Terán Giménez Cacho, Mateo (autor) ; Giraldo Palacio, Omar Felipe (autor) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (autora) ; Morales, H. (autora) ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Rosset, Peter Michael (autor) ; Khadse, Ashlesha (autora) ; Campos, Carmen (autora) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Agroecology And Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 42, no. 6 (2018), p. 637–665 ISSN: 2168-3565
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Agroecology as a transformative movement has gained momentum in many countries worldwide. In several cases, the implementation of agroecological practices has grown beyond isolated, local experiences to be employed by ever-greater numbers of families and communities over ever-larger territories and to engage more people in the processing, distribution, and consumption of agroecologically produced food. To understand the nonlinear, multidimensional processes that have enabled and impelled the bringing to scale of agroecology, we review and analyze emblematic cases that include the farmer-to-farmermovement in Central America; the national peasant agroecologymovement in Cuba; the organic coffee boom in Chiapas, Mexico; the spread of Zero Budget Natural Farming in Karnataka, India; and the agroecological farmer–consumer marketing network “Rede Ecovida,” in Brazil. On the basis of our analysis, we identify eight key drivers of the process of taking agroecology to scale: (1) recognition of a crisis that motivates the search for alternatives, (2) social organization, (3) constructivist learning processes, (4) effective agroecological practices, (5) mobilizing discourses, (6) external allies, (7) favorable markets, and (8) favorable policies. This initial analysis shows that organization and social fabric are the growth media on which agroecology advances, with the help of the other drivers. A more detailed understanding is needed on how these multiple dimensions interact with, reinforce, and generate positive feedback with each other to make agroecology’s territorial expansion possible.