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81 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva
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The environmental regime for climate change and the effects of climatic variability on maya livelihoods in Quintana Roo, Mexico
Chale Silveira, Karina N. (autora) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; Carrillo Bibriezca, Laura Elena (autora) ;
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020 páginas 159-184 ISBN:978-3-030-49767-5
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Climatic variability is affecting rural and indigenous agricultural rainfed systems worldwide. This study aims (a) to determine how the national environmental regime for climate change operates in Quintana Roo, including the Maya Zone; (b) to assess the effects of climatic variability upon Maya livelihoods dependent on agricultural and forestry systems; and (c) to determine whether any of these effects of climatic variability on livelihoods are reflected in public policies at national and state levels. The study used a transdisciplinary approach combining natural and social science theory but also scientific and indigenous knowledge. Our results show that, in Mexico, the national regime for climate change is strongly linked to efforts at the global scale, but weakly linked to those at the local scale. Moreover, it was found that Maya rainfed agricultural and forestry systems are impacted to different degrees by droughts, extreme rains, and hurricanes, with slash-and-burn agriculture (milpa) being highly impacted by all three events. This situation not only affects the food security of the Maya people but also their ancestral cultural practices and indigenous knowledge. Moreover, 20–30% of the interviewees in this study seek alternative employment outside their communities as a coping strategy whenever meteorological events critically affect their livelihoods. The results of the review of both national (PECC) and the state-level (PEACCQROO) programs for climate change show that they currently fail to include specific lines of action on adaptation and mitigation strategies to cope with the effects of climate change on agricultural rainfed systems or its consequences for the rural Maya people.

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Lessons on local socio-environmental systems and rural producers’ local visions to inform on public policy for Latin America
Bello Baltazar, Eduardo (autor) (1960-) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; Parra Vázquez, Manuel Roberto (autor) ; Gomes de Araujo, Luciana (autora) ;
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020 páginas 437-461 ISBN:978-3-030-49767-5
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This chapter aims to present a synthesis of learned lessons on Local Socio-Environmental Systems (LSES) and rural producers’ local visions regarding the regimes complex’s effects on indigenous and rural productive systems present in Latin American (LA) territories. The majority of the studied territories have important biophysical reserves of water, minerals, and forests, like the Mayan area and the Amazon, which are inhabited by indigenous and traditional peoples. We used a transdisciplinary approach as well as Bonfil-Batalla’s cultural control theory to categorize territories according to the sources of rural producers’ key local resources and their capacity for decision-making regarding these resources in seven LA countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico). The LSES’ main components are the Political-Economic Group (PEG), the Socio-Academic Group (SAG), and the Group of Producers (GP). All of them interact, mediated by asymmetric power relations, at territorial landscapes. Although different territorial dynamics were observed in different countries, our results show that current public policies promoted by social, environmental, educational, and law regimes are based on approaches that break with local visions of rural development. Moreover, a predominant model of interaction among the PEG, GP, and SAG was found in the studied LSES. In this model, the interaction among actors is driven by PEGs—as they determine the laws and market conditions imposed to control rural production processes located in the territory’s landscapes.

This model results in a reduced action by the GPs who experience conditions of exclusion, marginalization, poverty as well as a deterioration of their landscapes. In some case studies, the GPs increased their actions’ margin by developing collaborative partnerships with the SAG, which eventually generate collective action initiatives and/or innovation niches related to territorial autonomy and well-conserved landscapes. Moreover, among the cultural control processes findings, few examples of “appropriated territory” and “autonomous territory” are identified whereas the most common findings were “imposed territories” and “alienated territories,” which reinforce the dominant role of PEGs. Lastly, we provide public policy recommendations that are informed by both, decades of research in LA rural territories and lessons learned from the case studies analyzed. These recommendations are rooted in post-development thinking; they promote territorial public policy with social inclusion and a human rights approach; hence, they foresee new dynamics for interactions among the GP, SAG, and PEG.

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Local socio-environmental systems as a transdisciplinary conceptual framework
Parra Vázquez, Manuel Roberto (autor) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; Bello Baltazar, Eduardo (autor) (1960-) ; Gomes de Araujo, Luciana (autora) ;
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020 páginas 3-24 ISBN:978-3-030-49767-5
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In this chapter, we introduce the scenario of the book and provide the theoretical foundations of its key topics—socio-environmental regimes, innovation niches, local visions, and transdisciplinary approaches, as well as the interactions among these topics—which we use to analyze indigenous and other rural production systems in Latin American (LA) territories and communities. Most of the studied territories are located in diverse geographic regions, including the Mayan jungles and the Amazon that the literature recognizes as lands in which high biodiversity and indigenous and traditional peoples are interwoven. In order to analyze diverse rural productive sectors in LA territories, we propose the Local Socio-Environmental Systems framework which is rooted in systems theory. This approach is sufficiently flexible to be compatible with the particular assumptions and theories that a given research team chooses to apply to a given territory. We used Bonfil-Batalla’s cultural control theory to explore the territories addressed in this book, categorizing them according to the sources of rural producers’ key local resources and their capacity for decision-making regarding these resources. We also discuss the manner in which we have shifted from disciplinarity to transdisciplinarity in our research in indigenous and other rural territories. We view transdisciplinarity as a way of combining scientific knowledge and social practices.

Thus, transdisciplinarity involves praxis as well as discussion and consideration through a spiral of exchanges of knowledge in which participants play interchangeable roles: we are all novices; we all learn; and we all produce knowledge. Transdisciplinarity involves a critical interculturalism perspective to promote dialogue among different worldviews. The final section briefly summarizes the book’s chapters, which present case studies from seven LA countries—Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico.

Meanings of conservation in Zapotec communities of Oaxaca, Mexico
Peña Azcona, Ivett (autora) ; Estrada Lugo, Erin Ingrid Jane (autora) (1959-) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; Bello Baltazar, Eduardo (autor) (1960-) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Conservation and Society Volumen 18, número 2 (2020), p. 172-182 ISSN: 0975-3133
Resumen en: Inglés |
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In the last decade, implementation of the conservation policy of Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCAs) as a tool for biodiversity conservation has attracted worldwide attention. In Mexico, this policy was launched as a programme called Voluntary Designated Areas for Conservation (VDAC). However, the indigenous Zapotec and mestizo people who embraced the programme do not fully understand its profound implications for their traditional livelihoods. This study aims to document and discuss the significance of conservation for the communities of the Zapotec indigenous region of Oaxaca, Mexico, with VDAC established in their territories. The research was conducted adopting a theoretical approach from Cultural anthropology and Conservation biology. We used a case study-based methodology in which qualitative data were collected through semi-structured and in-depth interviews with local decision-makers in their territories, as well as through participant observation. The results indicate that conservation is a new word for the Zapotec, implying for them a different space to the local spaces where social and cultural relationships of the community occur; it is exclusionary since conservation prohibits the traditional use of the certified areas (VDAC). Moreover, our study recorded local words in the indigenous language similar to conservation, which refer to an integral cycle of “to care-to have-to use”. The latter is related to the local traditions and worldviews: in this case, “to have” is seen as a responsibility, since use of the territory is primarily collective.

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Traditional knowledge in the Colombian Amazon: tensions between indigenous territorial autonomy and environmental governance
De La Cruz Nassar, Pablo Emilio (autor) ; Bello Baltazar, Eduardo (autor) (1960-) ; Acosta Muñoz, Luis Eduardo (autor) ; Estrada Lugo, Erin Ingrid Jane (autora) (1959-) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; García Jiménez, Luis Enrique (autor) ;
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020 páginas 27-47 ISBN:978-3-030-49767-5
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The present study aims to analyze the role of traditional knowledge in territorial autonomy and environmental governance, as well as the level of interest of different indigenous and non-indigenous actors in the southern Colombian Amazon in applying traditional knowledge to public policy. Using the theoretical approaches of political ecology as well as a qualitative method, we describe a multidisciplinary project developed and implemented to incorporate knowledge systems of indigenous peoples of the Colombian Amazon into environmental policy. The results present an analysis of arguments by indigenous organizations, researchers, and government environmental agency administrators for and against using traditional knowledge to address the global ecological crisis. Through interviews and reports systematized by researchers and local collaborators within the project, we discuss conflicts that emerge when attempts are made to apply traditional knowledge in asymmetrical spaces of power. This includes responses by local residents to the global governance regime, which imposes policies regarding traditional knowledge in indigenous territories, and the possible repercussions of environmental policies on indigenous autonomy regimes in territories considered to be ancestral by indigenous peoples. We conclude that indigenous communities and organizations are more willing to apply traditional knowledge to public policy when the process is oriented toward strengthening their territorial and environmental autonomy than when external actors attempt to use this knowledge to promote global regulatory regimes that are beyond the control of local actors.

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Less rain and more heat: smallholders’ perception and climate change adaptation strategies in tropical environments
Infante Ramírez, Karla Diana (autora) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Sociedad y Ambiente Año 7, no. 21 (noviembre 2019-febrero 2020), p. 77-103 ISSN: 2007-6576
Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

El objetivo principal de esta investigación fue analizar la percepción local de la variabilidad climática y las diferentes estrategias de adaptación en cuatro comunidades del sur de la península de Yucatán, utilizando el enfoque del Sistema Social Ecológico (SSE). Se analizaron cuatro SSE: dos en la zona costera y dos en la zona de selva (zona Maya). Los datos fueron colectados utilizando diferentes herramientas de metodologías cualitativas (entrevistas, observación participante, grupos focales) y la triangulación de datos para cada uno de los sitios del estudio. En los cuatro sitios se percibieron cambios en la variabilidad climática descritos como “menos lluvia y más calor”. En la zona de selva se registró un sistema ancestral utilizado en la predicción del clima conocido como “Xook kíin” (o las “cabañuelas”) y la principal actividad afectada por la variabilidad climática es la producción de roza-tumba-quema o milpa. En la zona costera, las principales actividades afectadas son la pesca y el turismo. En los casos analizados, las estrategias de adaptación locales hacia los efectos de la variabilidad climática incluyen la realización de otros trabajos remunerados, cambios en el calendario agrícola, la migración estacional, entre otros. En los cuatro SSE se expresó preocupación e incertidumbre para enfrentar estos cambios y los posibles cambios a futuro.

Resumen en inglés

The main objective of this study was to analyze local perceptions of climate variability and the different adaptation strategies of four communities in the southern Yucatán Peninsula, using the Social-Ecological System (SES) approach. Four SESs were considered: two in the coastal zone and two in the tropical forest zone. Data were collected using different qualitative methodological tools (interviews, participant observation, and focal groups) and the information collected from each site was triangulated. In all four sites, changes in climate variability were perceived as “less rain and more heat”. In the tropical forest (or Maya) zone, an ancestral indigenous weather forecasting system, known as “Xook k’íin” (or “las cabañuelas”), was recorded and the main activity affected by climate variability was found to be slash-and burn farming or the milpa. In the coastal zone, the main activities affected are fishing and tourism. In all the cases analyzed, local climate change adaptation strategies include undertaking alternative work, and changing the calendar of daily, seasonal and annual labor and seasonal migration. The population of all four SESs displayed con-cern and uncertainty as regards dealing with these changes and possible changes in the future.

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Rainforest conservation in Mexico's lowland Maya area: integrating local meanings of conservation and land-use dynamics
Puc Alcocer, Malloni (autora) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; Cortina Villar, Héctor Sergio (autor) (1960-) ; Estrada Lugo, Erin Ingrid Jane (autora) (1959-) ;
Contenido en: Forest Ecology and Management Vol. 448 (September 2019), p. 300-311 ISSN: 0378-1127
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In several tropical forested areas in which biodiversity conservation and indigenous cultures are interwoven, current conservation policies do not consider how the indigenous communities understand the concept of conservation that is promoted and implemented by conservation programs led by external actors, nor do they consider local traditional practices of resource management. To move towards more inclusive conservation policies that take these two aspects into account, research is required in indigenous settings that can inform policy makers. The present study, carried out in the lowland Maya area of Mexico, aims to investigate local meanings of rainforest conservation and dynamics of land use in two Maya common property holdings or ‘ejidos’ (Noh cah and X-Maben). The study used a Social-Ecological Systems approach comprising: (i) the Maya communities and their local meanings of conservation as a Social Subsystem, assessed through social surveys, and (ii) the rainforest of each studied ejido - which was regarded as an Ecological Subsystem and assessed through satellite images (from 2000 to 2012). In the former, interviewees were asked: “when you hear the phrase ‘conservation of the rainforest’ what do you think is being said?” They were also asked if there were local words in Maya or Spanish that were similar in meaning to the aforementioned phrase. The results relating to the meanings of conservation demonstrate that Maya people, who rely on the rainforest for multiple livelihoods, understand two types of meanings for looking after the rainforest; one promoted by governmental conservation programs, and the other called Kanan K’áax, a Maya phrase that represents their customary or community-based rainforest conservation. Differences between these two models of conservation encompass differences with respect to scale, gender and the Maya people’s own cultural practices.

The results of the local dynamics of land use demonstrate that the landscapes of both study sites are dominated by mature rainforest (ranging from 73.9–82.7%), and are therefore in a good state of conservation, and that their agricultural frontiers have not expanded. Our empirical results are valuable in terms of informing the scientific community about the state of rainforest conservation in the Maya Zone, and providing policy makers (from the Maya area and elsewhere) with information to devise new, more inclusive conservation policies that take full account of the indigenous cultural practices of rainforest management.

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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
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Los cuerpos de agua kársticos representan la característica limnológica más relevante en la península de Yucatán, México. Estos sistemas albergan especies endémicas y son la principal fuente regional epigea de agua dulce. En este trabajo se estudian la morfometría, las propiedades limnológicas básicas, así como el zooplancton y la fauna de peces en cinco sistemas acuáticos kársticos de la zona centro del estado de Quintana Roo, México (en el corazón de la zona maya). Se trató de establecer la relación entre la riqueza de especies y las propiedades morfométricas. En general se encontraron 79 especies, 64 corresponden a zooplancton y 15 a necton. Todos los sistemas estudiados son oligotróficos de alta transparencia con bajas concentraciones de nutrientes y clorofila a diferenciándose así de otros cuerpos de agua en el centro de México. Los dos sistemas kársticos estudiados fueron los cenotes y las aguadas. Ambos mostraron diferencias en las variables biológicas, físicas y químicas. Una prueba ANOVA unidireccional demostró diferencias significativas en nutrientes (nitratos, F = 61.52, p<0.001; nitritos, F=7.361, p<0.001) y conductividad (F = 497.491, p<0.001) entre los sistemas. Un análisis simple de concordancia de grupos mostró diferencias en riqueza de especies y composición de la comunidad entre los dos sistemas acuáticos. En contraste con resultados previos encontrados en el centro y sureste de México, no se encontró correlación entre riqueza de especies y parámetros morfométricos (desarrollo del área y litoral). Se conoce poco de los sistemas acuáticos kársticos de la región surcentro de la Península de Yucatán (física, química y biológicamente). De hecho, este es el primer intento por estudiar la limnología y la relación riqueza de especies y variables morfométricas de los cenotes de la región.

Resumen en inglés

Karstic water bodies represent the most relevant limnologic feature of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. These systems harbor endemic species and are the main regional epigean source of freshwater. In this work, the morphometry, basic limnological features, and the zooplankton and fish fauna of five aquatic karstic systems from the central zone of Quintana Roo State, Mexico (in the heart of the Zona Maya) were surveyed. The possible relation between species richness and morphometric features was tried to be established. Overall, 79 taxa were found, 64 belong to zooplankton, and 15 to nekton. All studied systems were oligotrophic, with high transparency, and low nutrients and chlorophyll a concentration, thus differing from other water bodies in central Mexico. The two different types of karstic systems studied were the typical “cenote”, and the “aguada”. Both showed differences in biological, physical, and chemical variables. A one-way ANOVA test demonstrated significative differences in nutrients (nitrates, F = 61.52, p<0.001; nitrites, F=7.361, p<0.001) and conductivity (F = 497.491, p<0.001) among systems. A simple concordance cluster analysis showed that species richness and community composition were also different between these two types of aquatic systems. In contrast to previous results found in central and southeastern Mexico, no correlation between species richness and morphometric parameters (area and shoreline development) were found. In the south-central region of the Yucatan Peninsula, the aquatic karstic systems are poorly known (physically, chemically and biologically). In fact, this is the first approach to understand the limnology and the relation between species richness and morphometric variables of the sinkholes from the region.

Tesis - Maestría
La defensa del territorio ante el despojo capitalista en Quintana Roo / Nancy Eugenia Martín Tzuc
Martín Tzuc, Nancy Eugenia ; Guízar Vázquez Jr., Francisco (director) ; Montoya Gómez, Guillermo (asesor) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (asesor) ;
San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur , 2018
Clasificación: TE/303.6097267 / M3
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010019556 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar un caso de resistencia popular ante el proceso de despojo costero en Quintana Roo. Se realizó un recuento histórico de la actual conformación geoeconómica del estado desde su creación como Territorio Federal hasta la lucha por un acceso público a la Bahía de Akumal, ante el intento de privatizarlo. El trabajo se guio por la Metodología de la Investigación – Participación, entrevistas, seguimiento y acompañamiento de las movilizaciones de denuncia. Se revisaron los documentos jurídicos y de la prensa, así como los aportes de la academia relacionados a este sitio de estudio, para triangular los argumentos recogidos de las entrevistas. Para la apropiación privada de las playas, el capital se ha servido de los instrumentos jurídicos institucionales, de la discursiva ambiental y de la violencia: La delimitación geoeconómica del territorio estuvo en manos de gobierno federal y de los empresarios de la zona. Se encontraron importantes causas de contaminación relacionadas a la alta demanda de servicios turísticos y el sistema local de drenaje, las cuales no cesarían cerrando el acceso público. La violencia y el acoso armado por parte del Estado y el empresariado fueron usados cuando sus leyes y planes de protección ambiental resultaban insuficientes para frenar la lucha popular por el acceso a la playa. El sujeto colectivo en lucha se conformó principalmente por cooperativistas de servicios turísticos, pobladores de Akumal y simpatizantes de poblados aledaños. Su lucha trae consigo reivindicaciones del ecologismo de los pobres y de justicia ambiental, logrando contrarrestar parcial y temporalmente el intento de privatizar el acceso a la bahía.


Dedicatoria y agradecimientos
Tabla de contenido
Capítulo 1. Estado del conocimiento
1.1 El territorio
1.2. El papel del Estado moderno en la apropiación de los territorios locales
1.3. El ecologismo: cuando la preservación del medio tiene que ver con despojar
1.4. Las luchas populares por el territorio
1. 5. Quintana Roo: formación de un importante enclave turístico. La división social y espacial de las clases sociales
1. 6. La protección ambiental en Akumal en los planes de desarrollo estatal y local, Quintana Roo:
Capítulo 2. Aspectos metodológicos
2.1. Justificación
2. 2. Preguntas de investigación
2. 3. Argumento que guía el estudio
2. 4. Objetivos
2. 5. Métodos
2.5.1. Sitio de estudio
2.5.2. Recolección de información
2.5.3. Elaboración de mapas
2.5.4. Herramientas para el análisis de la información
Capítulo 3. Resultados
3.1. Proceso histórico: El despegue de la industria turística e inmobiliaria en Akumal
3.2. La problemática ecológica y económica en la Bahía de Akumal
3.3.1. La actividad hotelera en la Bahía de Akumal
3.3.2. Estado de la Barrera Mesoamericana de Arrecife, atractor del turismo de buceo en Akumal
3.3.3. Avistamiento de tortugas, actividad masiva en el sub polígono de la Bahía de Akumal
3.3. Las instituciones del Estado y el campo jurídico en la lucha por el acceso público a la playa de Akumal
3.4. El rol de los medios de comunicación en el conflicto
3.5. Mecanismos de lucha de los defensores del acceso público
3.6. Valoraciones y motivaciones de la lucha popular
Literatura citada

Anexo 1. Cronología del conflicto por el acceso a la playa de Akumal
Anexo 2. Proceso histórico del despojo de las playas de Akumal
Anexo 3. La problemática ecológica y económica en la Bahía
Anexo 4. Las instituciones del Estado y los alegatos jurídicos en el conflicto
Anexo 5. Defensa jurídica del acceso público a la playa de Akumal
Anexo 6. Intervención de los medios de comunicación en el conflicto
Anexo 7. Participación de los medios de comunicación en el conflicto de Akumal
Anexo 8. Mecanismos de lucha de los defensores del acceso público a la playa
Anexo 9. Valoraciones y motivaciones en la lucha popular por el acceso a la playa
Anexo 10. Artículo enviado a la revista Iztapalapa, el 20 de noviembre de 2017

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The principles of transdisciplinary research in small-scale fisheries
Said, Alicia ; Chuenpagdee, Ratana (coaut.) ; Aguilar Perera, Alfonso (coaut.) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (coaut.) ; Bahadur Gurung, Tek (coaut.) ; Bishop, Bonnie (coaut.) ; Léopold, Mare (coaut.) ; Márquez Pérez, Ana Isabel (coaut.) ; Gomes de Mattos, Sérgio M. (coaut.) ; Pierce, Graham J. (coaut.) ; Nayak, Prateep K. (coaut.) ; Jentoft, Svein (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Transdisciplinarity for small-scale fisheries governance. Analysis and practice Switzerland : Springer-Mare Publications Series, 2018 página 411-431 ISBN:978-3-319-94937-6
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