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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Castro Quezada, Itandehui
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Artículo
Malnutrición y covid-19
Castro Quezada, Itandehui (autora) ; Flores Guillén, Leonides Elena (autora) ; Ochoa Díaz López, Héctor (autor) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: ECOfronteras Volumen 24, número 69 (mayo/agosto 2020), páginas 22-24 ISSN: 2007-4549
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Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

2020 es el año que nos ha mostrado cómo la alimentación, entre otras cuestiones básicas, puede marcar una diferencia radical. Nuestra comida diaria es fuente de energía y de recursos para el sistema inmune, y hay tanto riesgo para la salud con la obesidad como con la desnutrición y la falta de micronutrientes; si en la dieta incluimos productos naturales nutritivos y variados, podemos reducir la vulnerabilidad ante el coronavirus y otros males.


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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Evidence of the role that dietary carbohydrates (total carbohydrates, dietary fiber, total sugars, dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL)) exerts on insulin levels in adolescents is controversial. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the association between dietary carbohydrates and insulin resistance in adolescents from Chiapas, México. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 217 adolescents. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, dietary and biochemical data were obtained. Total carbohydrates, dietary fiber, total sugars, dietary GI and GL were calculated from 24 h recalls. Two validated cut-off points for the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were used as surrogates of insulin resistance. Fasting insulin levels≥14.38 µU/mL were considered as abnormal. Multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association between tertiles of dietary carbohydrates and insulin resistance or hyperinsulinemia. In our study, adolescents with the highest dietary fiber intake had lower odds of HOMA-IR>2.97(OR=0.34; 95% CI:0.13–0.93) when adjusted for sex, age, body fat percentage and saturated fatty acids intake. No significant associations were found for the rest of the carbohydrate variables. In summary, high-fiber diets reduce the probability of insulin resistance in adolescents from marginalized areas of Chiapas, México.