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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Cruz Gaistardo, Carlos Omar
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

There is an increasing need for approaches to determine reference emission levels and implement policies to address the objectives of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, plus improving forest management, carbon stock enhancement and conservation (REDD+). Important aspects of approaching emissions reductions include coordination and sharing of technology, data, protocols and experiences within and among countries to maximize resources and apply knowledge to build robust monitoring, reporting and veri fi cation (MRV) systems. We propose that enhancing the multiple facets of interoperability could facilitate implementation of REDD+ programs and actions. For this case, interoperability is a collective effort with the ultimate goal of sharing and using information to produce knowledge and apply knowledge gained, by removing conceptual, technological, organizational and cultural barriers. These efforts must come from various actors and institutions, including government ministries/agencies, scientific community, landowners, civil society groups and businesses. Here, we review the case of Mexico as an example of evolving interoperability in developing countries, and highlight challenges and opportunities for implementation of REDD+. Country-specific actions toward a higher degree of interoperability can be complex, expensive and even risky. These efforts provide leadership opportunities and will facilitate science–policy integration for implementation of REDD+, particularly in developing counties.


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Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Mexico is an extensive country with an extremely complex mosaic of landscapes. The soils of Mexico have still not been completely studied, and there are few publications available on this subject. This book provides a state-of-the-art view on Mexican soils, their geographical distribution, their use and degradation. This is a first attempt to give a systematized characteristic of the soil resources of Mexico. Land resources of the second-biggest economy in Latin America are critical for its sustainable development, and a demand for adequate soil information is high. The information contained within can be used for any soil-related research done in Mexico and in neighboring countries. The book includes detailed characteristics of soils of all the physiographic regions of Mexico with maps, photos and explanatory schemes. The book is based on the experiences of the authors in research and soil survey, as well as on the existent, mainly ‘grey’ literature on Mexican soils. The book is recommended for researchers and university readers, students of all levels and decision-makers, working in the area of soil science, environmental issues, earth sciences, land management and nature conservation.

Índice

1 Introduction
1.1 The Beginning
1.2 INEGI
1.3 General Regularities of Spatial Distribution of the Soils of Mexico
References
2 Soil Research and Soil Mapping History
2.1 Traditional Soil Knowledge in Mexico
2.2 Early Soil Research
2.3 The Development of National Soil Science Schools in Mexico
2.4 Soil Mapping in Mexico
References
3 Factors of Soil Formation
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Orography
3.3 Geology and Geomorphology
3.4 Climate
3.5 Hydrography
3.6 Flora and Fauna
References
4 Major Soil Types and Their Classification
4.1 Classification Systems
4.2 Volcanic Soils
4.3 Texturally Differentiated Soils
4.4 Soils with Brownish Poorly Differentiated Profile
4.5 Soils with Developed Humus-Enriched Topsoil
4.6 Shallow Soils Derived from Silicate Consolidated Rock
4.7 Shallow Soils Derived from Limestone
4.8 Saline and Alkaline Soils
4.9 Expanding and Shrinking Soils
4.10 Soils with Carbonate and Gypsum Accumulation
4.11 Hydromorphic Soils
4.12 Strongly Weathered Soils
4.13 Poorly Developed Soils in Unconsolidated Sediments
4.14 Anthropogenic Soils
4.15 Less Abundant and Less Studied Soils
4.16 Conclusions
References
5 Geographical Regionalization of the Mexican Territory
5.1 Soil Regionalization as a Scientific Task
5.2 Soil Regionalization of Mexico
5.3 The Soils of Baja California Peninsula
5.3.1 Topography
5.3.2 Geology
5.3.3 Hydrology
5.3.4 Climate
5.3.5 Vegetation
5.3.6 Soils
5.3.7 Soil Use, Degradation and Management
5.4 Sonorian Lowlands
5.4.1 Topography
5.4.2 Geology
5.4.3 Hydrology
5.4.4 Climate
5.4.5 Vegetation
5.4.6 Soils
5.4.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.5 Lowlands and Uplands of the North
5.5.1 Topography
5.5.2 Geology
5.5.3 Hydrology
5.5.4 Climate
5.5.5 Vegetation
5.5.6 Soils
5.5.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.6 Great Plains of Northern America
5.6.1 Topography

5.6.2 Geology
5.6.3 Hydrology
5.6.4 Climate
5.6.5 Vegetation
5.6.6 Soils
5.6.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.7 Central Mesa
5.7.1 Topography
5.7.2 Geology
5.7.3 Hydrology
5.7.4 Climate
5.7.5 Vegetation
5.7.6 Soils
5.7.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.8 Sierra Madre Occidental
5.8.1 Topography
5.8.2 Geology
5.8.3 Hydrology
5.8.4 Climate
5.8.5 Vegetation
5.8.6 Soils
5.8.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.9 Pacific Coastal Plain
5.9.1 Topography
5.9.2 Geology
5.9.3 Hydrology
5.9.4 Climate
5.9.5 Vegetation
5.9.6 Soils
5.9.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.10 Northern Coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico
5.10.1 Topography
5.10.2 Geology
5.10.3 Hydrology
5.10.4 Climate
5.10.5 Vegetation
5.10.6 Soils
5.10.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.11 Southern Coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico
5.11.1 Topography
5.11.2 Geology
5.11.3 Hydrology
5.11.4 Climate
5.11.5 Vegetation
5.11.6 Soils
5.11.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.12 Sierra Madre del Sur
5.12.1 Topography
5.12.2 Geology
5.12.3 Hydrology
5.12.4 Climate
5.12.5 Vegetation
5.12.6 Soils
5.12.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.13 Central American Cordillera
5.13.1 Topography
5.13.2 Geology
5.13.3 Hydrology
5.13.4 Climate
5.13.5 Vegetation
5.13.6 Soils
5.13.7 Soil Use, Degradation and Management
5.14 Transmexican Volcanic Belt
5.14.1 Topography
5.14.2 Geology
5.14.3 Hydrology
5.14.4 Climate
5.14.5 Vegetation
5.14.6 Soils
5.14.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.15 Sierra Madre Oriental
5.15.1 Topography
5.15.2 Geology
5.15.4 Climate
5.15.5 Vegetation
5.15.6 Soils
5.15.7 Soil Use, Degradation and Management
5.16 Yucatan Peninsula
5.16.1 Topography
5.16.2 Geology
5.16.3 Hydrology
5.16.4 Climate
5.16.5 Vegetation
5.16.6 Soils

5.16.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
5.17 Ridges of Chiapas and Guatemala
5.17.1 Topography
5.17.2 Geology
5.17.3 Hydrology
5.17.4 Climate
5.17.5 Vegetation
5.17.6 Soils
5.17.7 Soil Use, Degradation, and Management
References
6 Soil Degradation
6.1 Historical Evolution
6.2 Soil Erosion
6.3 Desertification Studies
6.4 Studies on Human-Induced Soil Degradation
6.5 Soil Erosion, Scales, and Physiographic Provinces
6.6 Conclusions
References
7 Soil and Humans Throughout the History
7.1 Soil and Humans
7.2 Living by a Volcano
7.3 The Floating Gardens of Tenochitlan
7.4 The Maya Miracle
7.5 Conclusions
References
8 Paleosols of Mexico: Origin, Paleoecological Significance, Role in the Actual Soil Mantle
8.1 Brief Introduction to Paleopedology
8.2 Buried Paleosols of Mexico: Chronology, Geological Contexts, and Paleoecological Significance
8.2.1 Pre-Quaternary Paleosols: Tracks of Extinct Ecosystems
8.2.2 Volcanic Paleosol Series: Archives of Quaternary Environmental History at Different Time Scales
8.2.3 Alluvial Paleosols: Interaction of Climate, Biota and Humans in a Dynamic Geosystem
8.3 Relict Soils in the Modem Soilscapes: Memory and Present Functioning
8.3.1 Red Clayey Soils in the Karstic Landscape of Yucatan: Long-Term Tropical Pedogenesis on Limestones and Allochtonous Materials
8.3.2 Pleistocene Rhodic Cambisols in Sonora: Relict of Humid Late Glacial in the Modem Arid Ecosystems
8.3.3 Tepetate (Volcanic Fragipans): Relict Pleistocene Pedosedimei Controlling Current Processes of Accelerated Erosion and Landscape Degradation
References
Authors’ Biographies
Index