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8 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Eakin, Hallie Catherine
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1.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Correlates of maize land and livelihood change among maize farming households in Mexico
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Appendini, Kirsten Albrechtsen de (coaut.) ; Sweeney, Stuart (coaut.) ; Perales Rivera, Hugo Rafael (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: World Development Vol. 70 (June 2015), p. 78-91 ISSN: 0305-750X
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We use classification tree analysis to identify the primary predictors of a suite of maize land use and livelihood outcomes for smallholder farmers in three regions of Mexico (Sinaloa, Mexico state, and Chiapas). Our analysis identifies regionally specific correlates with change in maize area, yield, and income, spanning demographic, environmental, and social development factors. Our results indicate that there may be opportunities for surplus production and market participation in some rain fed areas. We confirm the significance of regional and inter-regional heterogeneity in farmers’ responses and strategies, underscoring the value of regionally specific policy interventions.


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Adaptation in a multi-stressor environment: perceptions and responses to climatic and economic risks by coffee growers in Mesoamerica
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Tucker, Catherine M. (coaut.) ; Castellanos, Edwin (coaut.) ; Díaz Porras, Rafael (coaut.) ; Barrera, Juan F. (coaut.) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Environment, Development and Sustainability Vol. 16, no. 1 (February 2014), p. 123-139 ISSN: 1387-585X
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

While climate change adaptation policy has tended to focus on planned adaptation interventions, in many vulnerable communities, adaptation will consist of autonomous, “unplanned” actions by individuals who are responding to multiple simultaneous sources of change. Their actions are likely not only to affect their own future vulnerability, but, through changes in livelihoods and resource use, the vulnerability of their community and resource base. In this paper, we document the autonomous changes to livelihood strategies adopted by smallholder coffee farmers in four Mesoamerican countries (Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica). Our aim is to gain insight into the process of autonomous adaptation by proxy: through an assessment of how farmers explain their choices in relation to distinct stressors; and an understanding of the set of choices available to farmers. We find that climatic stress is a feature in decision making, but not the dominant driver. Nevertheless, the farmers in our sample are evidently flexible, adaptive, and experimental in relation to changing circumstances. Whether their autonomous responses to diverse stressors will result in a reduction in risk over time may well depend on the extent to which policy, agricultural research, and rural investments build on the inherent logic of these strategies.


3.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Selling maize in Mexico: the persistence of peasant farming in an era of global markets
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Perales Rivera, Hugo Rafael (coaut.) ; Appendini, Kirsten Albrechtsen de (coaut.) ; Sweeney, Stuart (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Development and Change Vol. 45, no. 1 (January 2014), p. 133–155 ISSN: 1467-7660
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The last decade of the twentieth century was heralded as the ‘end of agrarian reform’ in Mexico and the initiation of a new era of market-led agricultural policy and practice. The impact of neoliberalism and the North American Free Trade Agreement on smallholder maize production has been widely conceived as negative, associated with ecological degradation, rural emigration and cultural erosion. Yet, some twenty years later, all evidence suggests that smallholder maize production is continuing in Mexico, albeit in evolving structures and forms. This article uses a farm-level survey implemented in three Mexican states to assess the current condition of maize farming in Mexico. The authors revisit past categorizations of Mexican farmers and apply similar approaches to explore what maize-producing households are doing with their maize, and what current patterns of production imply for future Mexican maize policy. They find evidence of greater persistence and adaptability in Mexican maize farming than is often presented. On the basis of their analysis, they advocate for a reconsideration of the underlying assumptions of public policy, highlighting the heterogeneity of the maize landscape and the unrealized and generally unrecognized potential this heterogeneity represents.


4.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Assessing the adaptation strategies of farmers facing multiple stressors: lessons from the coffee and global changes project in Mesoamerica
Castellanos, Edwin J. ; Tucker, Catherine (coaut.) ; Eakin, Hallie (coaut.) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ; Barrera, Juan F. (coaut.) ; Díaz, Rafael (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Environmental Science and Policy Vol. 26 (February 2013), p. 19–28 ISSN: 1462-9011
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

This paper analyzes the challenges and opportunities entailed in the design, implementation and dissemination of an interdisciplinary project that evolved into a knowledge co-production effort. The project explored the livelihood strategies of coffee growers in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Costa Rica facingmultiple stressors of economic (market shocks and price volatility) and physical nature (climate variability and pest incidence). Our objective was to determine the factors that influence farmers’ decisions and the implications of those decisions for the people and the landscapes of the region. To achieve this objective, we intended to engage farm communities and sector representatives in the research process, and to a large extent this intent was realized. Nevertheless, the project illustrates the difficulties in achieving knowledge “co-production” with stakeholders whose day-to-day existence focuses on issues largely outside the domain of the research program. We adopted decision-analysis tools to integrate our knowledge and hypotheses to find a common language and structure for our research design. In relation to regional and national policy makers and sector experts, we aimed to communicate the decision–environment of the smallholder producer to enhance awareness of the institutional opportunities and constraints in the adaptation process. For the farmers themselves, we aimed to serve as conduits and mirrors of their own knowledge, rather than serving as external authorities on issues that appeared to be of little interest to them.

Through the course of the project, we experimented with diverse modes of stakeholder interaction and, through collaboration with local experts in communication strategies, identified a set of tools for successful dissemination of results. The credibility and direct ties of the participating research organizations and collaborating institutes with the local communities were often an asset, sometimes a complication, but always a critical factor in the process of stakeholder interaction. The messages constructed from the collective knowledge of local farmers in distinct regions in four countries with different social and institutional histories represent crucial information for policy makers who are looking to support the adaptation processes of rural people facingchanges of a global nature. However, communicating these messages in a usable and useful way to decision makers at various levels proved to be challenging.


5.
- Capítulo de libro con arbitraje
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Coffee, disasters and social-ecological resilience in Guatemala and Chiapas, Mexico
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ; Castellanos, Edwin (coaut.) ; Cruz Bello, Gustavo M. (coaut.) ; Barrera, Juan F. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Natural Disasters and Adaptation to Climate Change New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2013 p. 174-180 ISBN:978-110-7010-16-1
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a

6.
Artículo
Livelihoods and landscapes at the threshold of change: disaster and resilience in a Chiapas coffee community
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Benessaiah, Karina (coaut.) ; Barrera, Juan F. (coaut.) ; Cruz Bello, Gustavo M. (coaut.) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Regional Environmental Change Vol. 12, no. 3 (2012), p. 475-48 ISSN: 436-3798
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

In 2005, torrential rains associated with Hurricane Stan devastated farm systems in southern Mexico. We present a case study on the impacts of and responses to Hurricane Stan by coffee households in three communities in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico, with the objective of illuminating the linkages between household vulnerability and resilience. We analyze data from 64 household surveys in a cluster analysis to link household impacts experienced to post-Stan adaptive responses and relate these results with landscape-level land-cover changes. The degree of livelihood change was most significant for land-constrained households whose specialization in coffee led to high exposure and sensitivity to Stan and little adaptive capacity. Across the sample, the role of coffee in livelihood strategies declined, as households sought land to secure subsistence needs and diversified economically after Stan. Nevertheless, livelihoods and landscape outcomes were not closely coupled, at least at the temporal and spatial scale of our analysis: We found no evidence of land-use change associated with farmers’ coping strategies. While households held strong attitudes regarding effective resource management for risk reduction, this knowledge does not necessarily translate into capacities to manage resilience at broader scales. We argue that policy interventions are needed to help materialize local strategies and knowledge on risk management, not only to allow individual survival but also to enhance resilience at local, community and landscape scales.


7.
Libro
Estrategia de los productores de café ante el desastre ocasionado por el Huracán Stan: comunidades de los municipios de Siltepec y Cacahoatán : reporte preliminar junio 2008 / [coordinación]: Hallie Eakin, Gustavo Cruz-Bello, Helda Morales, Juan F. Barrera
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (coordinadora) (1970-) ; Cruz Bello, Gustavo M. (coordinador) ; Morales, H. (coordinadora) ; Barrera, Juan F. (coordinador) ;
[San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México] : [Universidad de California] :: [El Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias] :: [El Colegio de la Frontera Sur] , [2008]
Clasificación: EE/303.485097275 / E8
Cerrar
SIBE Campeche
34133-90 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010015202 (Disponible) , ECO010015201 (Disponible) , 34133-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 3
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020011493 (Disponible) , ECO020012290 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 2
Cerrar
SIBE Villahermosa
ECO050004902 (Disponible) , ECO050004901 (Disponible) , ECO050004362 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 3
Resumen en español

El huracán Stan afectó los municipios de Siltepec y Cacahoatán (Chiapas), entre otros, con lluvias intensas, deslizamientos e inundaciones en los primeros días de octubre de 2005. El río Vega de Guerrero en Siltepec se desbordó, llevando consigo casas habitación y parcelas de cultivos. En Cacahoatán, la lluvia cerró carreteras y afectó las cosechas. Para tener un mejor entendimiento de cómo el campo Mexicano es vulnerable a tales desastres, es importante conocer cómo los hogares rurales fueron afectados, y qué están haciendo las comunidades para recuperarse después el desastre.


8.
Libro
Weathering risk in rural Mexico: climatic, institutional, and economic change / Hallie Eakin
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ;
Tucson, Arizona : The University of Arizona Press :: The Arizona Board of Regents , c2006
Clasificación: 338.140972 / E2
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010010007 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1