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3 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Gomes de Araujo, Luciana
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Lessons on local socio-environmental systems and rural producers’ local visions to inform on public policy for Latin America
Bello Baltazar, Eduardo (autor) (1960-) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; Parra Vázquez, Manuel Roberto (autor) ; Gomes de Araujo, Luciana (autora) ;
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020 páginas 437-461 ISBN:978-3-030-49767-5
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This chapter aims to present a synthesis of learned lessons on Local Socio-Environmental Systems (LSES) and rural producers’ local visions regarding the regimes complex’s effects on indigenous and rural productive systems present in Latin American (LA) territories. The majority of the studied territories have important biophysical reserves of water, minerals, and forests, like the Mayan area and the Amazon, which are inhabited by indigenous and traditional peoples. We used a transdisciplinary approach as well as Bonfil-Batalla’s cultural control theory to categorize territories according to the sources of rural producers’ key local resources and their capacity for decision-making regarding these resources in seven LA countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico). The LSES’ main components are the Political-Economic Group (PEG), the Socio-Academic Group (SAG), and the Group of Producers (GP). All of them interact, mediated by asymmetric power relations, at territorial landscapes. Although different territorial dynamics were observed in different countries, our results show that current public policies promoted by social, environmental, educational, and law regimes are based on approaches that break with local visions of rural development. Moreover, a predominant model of interaction among the PEG, GP, and SAG was found in the studied LSES. In this model, the interaction among actors is driven by PEGs—as they determine the laws and market conditions imposed to control rural production processes located in the territory’s landscapes.

This model results in a reduced action by the GPs who experience conditions of exclusion, marginalization, poverty as well as a deterioration of their landscapes. In some case studies, the GPs increased their actions’ margin by developing collaborative partnerships with the SAG, which eventually generate collective action initiatives and/or innovation niches related to territorial autonomy and well-conserved landscapes. Moreover, among the cultural control processes findings, few examples of “appropriated territory” and “autonomous territory” are identified whereas the most common findings were “imposed territories” and “alienated territories,” which reinforce the dominant role of PEGs. Lastly, we provide public policy recommendations that are informed by both, decades of research in LA rural territories and lessons learned from the case studies analyzed. These recommendations are rooted in post-development thinking; they promote territorial public policy with social inclusion and a human rights approach; hence, they foresee new dynamics for interactions among the GP, SAG, and PEG.


2.
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Local socio-environmental systems as a transdisciplinary conceptual framework
Parra Vázquez, Manuel Roberto (autor) ; Arce Ibarra, Ana Minerva (autora) ; Bello Baltazar, Eduardo (autor) (1960-) ; Gomes de Araujo, Luciana (autora) ;
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020 páginas 3-24 ISBN:978-3-030-49767-5
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In this chapter, we introduce the scenario of the book and provide the theoretical foundations of its key topics—socio-environmental regimes, innovation niches, local visions, and transdisciplinary approaches, as well as the interactions among these topics—which we use to analyze indigenous and other rural production systems in Latin American (LA) territories and communities. Most of the studied territories are located in diverse geographic regions, including the Mayan jungles and the Amazon that the literature recognizes as lands in which high biodiversity and indigenous and traditional peoples are interwoven. In order to analyze diverse rural productive sectors in LA territories, we propose the Local Socio-Environmental Systems framework which is rooted in systems theory. This approach is sufficiently flexible to be compatible with the particular assumptions and theories that a given research team chooses to apply to a given territory. We used Bonfil-Batalla’s cultural control theory to explore the territories addressed in this book, categorizing them according to the sources of rural producers’ key local resources and their capacity for decision-making regarding these resources. We also discuss the manner in which we have shifted from disciplinarity to transdisciplinarity in our research in indigenous and other rural territories. We view transdisciplinarity as a way of combining scientific knowledge and social practices.

Thus, transdisciplinarity involves praxis as well as discussion and consideration through a spiral of exchanges of knowledge in which participants play interchangeable roles: we are all novices; we all learn; and we all produce knowledge. Transdisciplinarity involves a critical interculturalism perspective to promote dialogue among different worldviews. The final section briefly summarizes the book’s chapters, which present case studies from seven LA countries—Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico.


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Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors
Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG , 2020
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Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

This book presents oral histories, collective dialogues, and analyses of rural and indigenous livelihoods facing global socio-environmental regime change in Latin America (LA). Since the late twentieth century, rural and indigenous producers in LA, including agriculturists, coffee-growers, as well as small-scale farmers/fishers, and others, have had to resist, cope with, or adapt to a range of neoliberal socio-environmental regimes that impact their territories and associated resources, including water, production systems and ultimately their cultural traditions. In response, rural producers are using local visions and innovation niches to decide what, when, and how to resist, cope with uncertainty, and still be successful in using their customary laws to retain their land rights and livelihoods. This book presents a range of ethnically diverse case studies from LA, which addresses socio-environmental, educational, and law regimes' effects using transdisciplinary research approaches in rural, traditional and indigenous production systems. Based on both, the results and insights gained into how producers are resisting and adapting to these regimes, as well as decades of research carried out in LA rural territories by the participating authors, the book puts forward a baseline for devising new public policies that are better suited to the real challenges of livelihoods, poverty, and environmental degradation in LA. These recommendations are rooted in post-development thinking; they promote territorial public policy with social inclusion and a human's rights approach.

The book draws on over 20 years of research carried out by LA's academics and their undergraduate and graduate students who have addressed collaborative work, participatory research, and transdisciplinary approaches with rural commons and communities in LA. It features 19 case studies, with contributions from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, and Mexico.

Índice

Part I. Introduction
1 Local Socio-Environmental Systems as a Transdisciplinary Conceptual Framework
Part II. Where Different Sources of Knowledge Intersect
2 Traditional Knowledge in the Colombian Amazon: Tensions Between Indigenous Territorial Autonomy and Environmental Governance
3 Education in Macehual Mayan Institutions
4 Ngô ndêt pá khre: Environmental Governance for the Future of the Xingu River (Mato Grosso, Brazil)
5 Synergy Between Innovation Niches and Transdisciplinarity: The Case of Coffee Producer Families and their Organizations (Southeastern Mexico
Part III. When Culture and Traditions Matter 6 The Milpero of the Macehual Mayan Normative System vis à vis with Global Laws and Policies of Agricultural Fire
7 The Interaction Between Mayan Honey Producers and the Global Agri-Food Regime
8 The Environmental Regime for Climate Change and the Effects of Climatic Variability on Maya Livelihoods in Quintana Roo, Mexico
Part IV. The Multiple Roles of Natural Protected Areas
9 Trindade and the Struggle for its Territory: A Trajectory of Community Empowerment and Self-Governance in Southeastern Coast of Brazil
10 Burning Reasons: Traditional Land Management Using Fire and Environmental Conflicts in Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil
11 Interculturalism and Power at the Margin of Environmental Governance: An Approach from the Selva El Ocote Biosphere Reserve (Mexico)
12 Territories for Conservation? Capitalist Strategies for Appropriating Nature in Los Glaciares National Park in the Argentinean Patagonia
13 Emancipatory Partnership and Advances in Citizenship: Struggles for a Sea-Land Territory in Brazil
Part V. From Clashes to Agreements: How to Get There?
14 Social Learning by Small Ruminant Farmers in Granma, Cuba
15 Socio-Environmental Regimes in Natural Protected Areas: A Case Study in La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve

16 The Future of Food in Our Hands. Key Factors for Governance Learned from Committees of Food and Nutrition Security in Honduras
17 Governance of African Palm Production and Lifeways of Palm Producers in Two Municipalities of the Chiapas Jungle
18 Community Responses to Historical Land Degradation: Lessons from São Luiz do Paraitinga, Brazil
19 Effects of Public Agricultural and Forestry Policies on the Livelihoods of Campesino Families in the Bolivian Amazon
20 Organic Agriculture, Agroecology, and Agroforestry: Small Farmers in Brazil
Part VI. Synthesis and Moving Forward
21 Lessons on Local Socio-Environmental Systems and Rural Producers’ Local Visions to Inform on Public Policy for Latin America