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3 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Manzón Che, María de Jesús
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Perceptions of climate change, the impacts of and responses to climatic variability and extreme weather are explored in three communities in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, in relation to livelihood resilience. These communities provide examples of the most common livelihood strategies across the region: small-scale fisheries (San Felipe) and semi-subsistence small-holder farming (Tzucacab and Calakmul). Although the perception that annual rainfall is reducing is not supported by instrumental records, changes in the timing of vital summer rainfall and an intensification of the mid-summer drought (canicula) are confirmed. The impact of both droughts and hurricanes on livelihoods and crop yields was reported across all communities, although the severity varied. Changes in traditional milpa cultivation were seen to be driven by less reliable rainfall but also by changes in Mexico’s agricultural and wider economic policies. Diversification was a common adaptation response across all communities and respondents, resulting in profound changes in livelihood strategies. Government attempts to reduce vulnerability were foundto lack continuity, be hard to access and too orientated toward commercial scale producers. Population growth, higher temperatures and reduced summer rainfall will increase the pressures on communities reliant on small-scale farming and fishing, and a more nuanced understanding of both impacts and adaptations is required for improved livelihood resilience. Greater recognition of such local-scale adaptation strategies should underpin the developing Mexican National Adaptation Policy and provide a template for approaches internationally as adaptation becomes an increasingly important part of the global strategy to cope with climate change.


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche
Persistence of swidden cultivation in the face of globalization: a case study from communities in Calakmul, Mexico
Schmook, Birgit Inge ; Van Vliet, Nathalie (coaut.) ; Radel, Claudia (coaut.) ; Manzón Che, María de Jesús (coaut.) ; McCandless, Susannah (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Human Ecology Vol. 41, no. 1 (February 2013), p. 93–107 ISSN: 0300-7839
Bibliotecas: Campeche
Cerrar
SIBE Campeche
36693-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Over the last decades, political, economic and environmental pressures have encouraged changes from swidden to more intensive agricultural practices, resulting in the hypothesis that swidden cultivation systems are disappearing. In Calakmul, southeastern Mexico, communities decreased the area under milpa, the traditional maize swidden system, but a collapse did not occur. To document and explain the persistence of swidden we employ a variety of data: (1) 59 standardized household surveys from 2003 and 2010 in five villages, (2) in-depth interviews in one village, and (3) coupled human–environmental timelines in this same village. Droughts, hurricanes, and remittances were important drivers of decreases in milpa cultivation. Market crop profitability and conservation programs were also reported to affect the area under milpa. Off-farm employment and governmental transfers have tended to stabilize household economies and decrease dependency on agricultural production, but have also allowed households to maintain their milpas for subsistence and cultural reproduction. Findings in Calakmul point to the need to consider swidden as an evolving and active response to changing policy, economic, and environmental conditions.


3.
- Artículo de divulgación
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche, SIBE-Chetumal, SIBE-San Cristóbal, SIBE-Tapachula, SIBE-Villahermosa
Los guardianes del monte: cultura-naturaleza entre los mayas
Calmé, Sophie ; Manzón Che, María de Jesús (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: ECOfronteras No. 35 (diciembre 2008), p. 8-9 ISSN: 2448-8577
Cerrar
SIBE Campeche
47041-30 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
47041-50 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
47041-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
47041-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Villahermosa
47041-40 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Campeche, SIBE-Chetumal, SIBE-San Cristóbal, SIBE-Tapachula, SIBE-Villahermosa
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