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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Mayer, Andreas
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1.
Libro
Ester boserup's legacy on sustainability: orientations for contemporary research / Marina Fischer Kowalski, Anette Reenberg, Anke Schaffartzik, Andreas Mayer, editors
Fischer Kowalski, Marina (ed.) ; Reenberg, Anette (coed.) ; Schaffartzik, Anke (coed.) ; Mayer, Andreas (coed.) ;
New York, New York, United States : Springer Press , 2014
Clasificación: 304.2 / E88
Bibliotecas: Chetumal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030008164 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability. The contents are organized in three sections reflecting important focal points of Boserup’s own work: Long-Term Socio-Ecological Change; Agriculture, Land Use, and Development; and Gender, Population, and Economy. The first three chapters offer a comprehensive review of her political and scientific work. Section Two focuses on the applicability of Boserup’s reflections on land use, technology, and agriculture, incorporating case studies which illuminate and test Boserup’s hypotheses on land use intensification and soil degradation, the impact of population growth on land use, the agricultural transition, and the role of women in development. The case studies examine both long historical time series and present-day dynamics, and explore different levels of geographical scale, from the local to the regional and the global. Section Three emphasizes the key role of women and gender relations for agriculture and development. Together, the 15 chapters in this volume show how the main strands of Boserup’s theories are reflected in contemporary research. In sum, the diversity of the contributions to this book reflects the continuing impact of Ester Boserup’s work on scientific research today, and its likely influence on research for years to come.

Índice

Part I Ester Boserup’s Intellectual Heritage
1. Ester Boserup: An Interdisciplinary Visionary Relevant for Sustainability
2. “Finding Out Is My Life”: Conversations with Ester Boserup in the 1990s
3. Boserup’s Theory on Technological Change as a Point of Departure for the Theory of Sociometabolic Regime Transitions
Part II Land Use, Technology and Agriculture
4. The Dwindling Role of Population Pressure in Land Use Change—a Case from the South West Pacific
5. Conceptual and Empirical Approaches to Mapping and Quantifying Land-Use Intensity
6. Malthusian Assumptions, Boserupian Response in Transition to Agriculture Models
7. Reconciling Boserup with Malthus: Agrarian Change and Soil Degradation in Olive Orchards in Spain (1750–2000)
8. Beyond Boserup: The Role of Working Time in Agricultural Development
Part III Population and Gender
9. Following Boserup’s Traces: From Invisibility to Informalisation of Women’s Economy to Engendering Development in Translocal Spaces
10. Daughters of the Hills: Gendered Agricultural Production, Modernisation, and Declining Child Sex Ratios in the Indian Central Himalayas
11. Revisiting Boserup’s Hypotheses in the Context of Africa
12. An Interpretation of Large-Scale Land Deals Using Boserup’s Theories of Agricultural Intensification, Gender and Rural Development
13. Labour Migration and Gendered Agricultural Asset Shifts in Southeastern Mexico: Two Stories of Farming Wives and Daughters
14. Working Time of Farm Women and Small-Scale Sustainable Farming in Austria
15. A Human Ecological Approach to Ester Boserup: Steps Towards Engendering Agriculture and Rural Development
16. Conclusions: Re-Evaluating Boserup in the Light of the Contributions to this Volume
Bibliography


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
The conservation status of the world’s reptiles
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Contenido en: Biological Conservation Vol. 157, (January 2013), p. 372–385 ISSN: 0006-3207
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
37364-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Effective and targeted conservation action requires detailed information about species, their distribution, systematics and ecology as well as the distribution of threat processes which affect them. Knowledge of reptilian diversity remains surprisingly disparate, and innovative means of gaining rapid insight into the status of reptiles are needed in order to highlight urgent conservation cases and inform environmental policy with appropriate biodiversity information in a timely manner. We present the first ever global analysis of extinction risk in reptiles, based on a random representative sample of 1500 species (16% of all currently known species). To our knowledge, our results provide the first analysis of the global conservation status and distribution patterns of reptiles and the threats affecting them, highlighting conservation priorities and knowledge gaps which need to be addressed urgently to ensure the continued survival of the world’s reptiles. Nearly one in five reptilian species are threatened with extinction, with another one in five species classed as Data Deficient. The proportion of threatened reptile species is highest in freshwater environments, tropical regions and on oceanic islands, while data deficiency was highest in tropical areas, such as Central Africa and Southeast Asia, and among fossorial reptiles. Our results emphasise the need for research attention to be focussed on tropical areas which are experiencing the most dramatic rates of habitat loss, on fossorial reptiles for which there is a chronic lack of data, and on certain taxa such as snakes for which extinction risk may currently be underestimated due to lack of population information. Conservation actions specifically need to mitigate the effects of human-induced habitat loss and harvesting, which are the predominant threats to reptiles.