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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Moreno Báez, Marcia
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Holbox Island is a contemporary hotspot for global tourism. Here, long-term coastal exploitation and increasing anthropogenic activities threaten coastal habitats and resources. The impact of these activities is exacerbated by the lack of a management plan for the past 24 years, until October 2018. An interdisciplinary approach that integrates fishers’ traditional knowledge was used to determine how small-scale fisheries (SSF) exploitation contributed to the decline of resources over time. Open interviews with community members and surveys of fishers’ perspectives on fisheries overexploitation and practices as well as knowledge of fishing sites were collected. Over one hundred fishing sites were documented that were once very productive. Furthermore, over 40 species were highly fished (e.g., Carcharhinidae, Shpyrnidae, Pristidae, Cheloniidae) over the past 50 years. Survey results allowed for the construction of maps with baseline information of coastal exploitation. Additional data from archaeozoological remains (n= 545) of aquatic fauna identified 33 families of exploited taxa, of which finfish (e.g., Haemulidaea, Ariidae, Serranidae), sharks (e.g., Carcharhinidae), and sea turtles were the most abundant. Fishers and literature sources (n= 50) document Holbox’s contemporary issues, including overfishing, illegal fishing, and accelerated tourism development. These types of data (fishers’ perspectives, interdisciplinary literature, and archaeozoological data) were combined using historical ecology techniques and geospatial tools to obtain novel baseline information on SSF exploitation. This information is essential for conservation managers and scientists to meet the management needs of Holbox’s natural and social capital, which can assure the future provision of coastal ecosystem services to humans.


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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

El Ordenamiento Ecológico Marino (OEM) ha sido adoptado en México como el instrumento de política ambiental que atiende las problemáticas marinas y da certidumbre a las actividades inherentes que ahí se desarrollan. Sin embargo, su ejecución aún representa un desafío para el gobierno, quién ha solicitado la participación activa del gremio científico en la elaboración de propuestas para mejorar los planes operativos de los OEM: los Programas de Ordenamiento Ecológico Marino (POEM). En el presente artículo se revisa el aporte de la academia, la construcción de los POEM y los retos que prevalecen para lograr una implementación efectiva de los OEM. México es un país con tantas lecciones aprendidas como por aprender. Futuras agendas de investigación debieran trascender a un siguiente nivel de discusión, donde se priorice articular acciones que busquen: 1) armonizar los OEM con otros instrumentos de manejo costero y marino, 2) promover y desarrollar un manejo adaptativo a través de indicadores de monitoreo y evaluación, 3) hacer más eficiente la planeación socialmente inclusiva, y 4) favorecer el desarrollo de capacidades a todos los niveles de decisión sobre el manejo integral de la zona costera y marina.

Resumen en inglés

The Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) has been adopted in Mexico as an environmental planning instrument attending coastal-sea issues and guiding the activities carried out on those realms. However, its application is still a challenge for the government, who has requested scientists to actively participate in developing proposals in order to promote effective implementation of the MSP trough operative plans: the Marine Spatial Planning Programs (MSPP). In this article we reviewed the academic inputs to the MSPP construction and the prevailed challenges to achieve an effective MSP implementation. We pointed out that Mexico is a country with many lessons learned but more to learn. Future research agendas should transcendedto the next level of discussion, where the articulation of actions will be prioritized looking to: 1) harmonize the MSP with other coastal-sea management instruments, 2) promote and develop an adaptive management agenda through monitoring and evaluation indicators, 3) improve and develop socially inclusive planning tools, and 4) to encourage the development of skills at all levels of decisions on the integrated management of coastland marine areas.