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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Ortiz Rico, Claudia
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1.
Artículo
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Background Rural communities in the Amazonian southern border of Ecuador have benefited from governmental social programmes over the past 9 years, which have addressed, among other things, diseases associated with poverty, such as soil transmitted helminth infections. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of geohelminth infection and several factors associated with it in these communities. Methods This was a cross sectional study in two indigenous communities of the Amazonian southern border of Ecuador. The data were analysed at both the household and individual levels. Results At the individual level, the prevalence of geohelminth infection reached 46.9% (95% CI 39.5% to 54.2%), with no differences in terms of gender, age, temporary migration movements or previous chemoprophylaxis. In 72.9% of households, one or more members were infected. Receiving subsidies and overcrowding were associated with the presence of helminths. Conclusions The prevalence of geohelminth infection was high. Our study suggests that it is necessary to conduct studies focusing on communities, and not simply on captive groups, such as schoolchildren, with the object of proposing more suitable and effective strategies to control this problem.


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Conformance contrast testing between rates of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ecuadorian border areas
Ortiz Rico, Claudia ; Aldaz, Cristina (coaut.) ; Sánchez Pérez, Héctor Javier (coaut.) (1960-) ; Martín Mateo, Miguel Luis (coaut.) ; Romero Sandoval, Natalia Cristina (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Salud Pública de México Vol. 57, no. 6 (noviembre-diciembre 2015), p. 496-503 ISSN: 0036-3634
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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Objetivo. Determinar las tasas de sintomáticos respiratorios y de incidencia de tuberculosis pulmonar en dos zonas fronterizas de Ecuador, y contrastarlas con cifras oficiales. Material y métodos. Encuesta transversal aplicada en comunidades fronterizas Sur Oriental (FSO) y Sur Andina (FSA) a 1 598 y 2 419 mayores de 15 años, respectivamente. A los sintomáticos respiratorios se les realizó una baciloscopía en esputo. Las tasas y razón de momios se compararon frente a cifras oficiales mediante contraste de verosimilitudes. Resultados. Las tasas de sintomáticos respiratorios (7.7 y 5.9% en FSO y FSA, respectivamente) y de tuberculosis pulmonar (incidencia acumulada 125 y 140 por 100 000 habitantes, respectivamente) discrepan de las cifras oficiales (0.98 y 0.99% de sintomáticos respiratorios, respectivamente; y, 38.23 por 105 habitantes para tuberculosis pulmonar en Ecuador) (p<0.001). Conclusión. Fortalecer la búsqueda de sintomáticos respiratorios y la vigilancia epidemiológica de la tuberculosis pulmonar en áreas fronterizas.

Resumen en inglés

Objective. To estimate rates of cases of respiratory symptomatic subjects and the incidence rate of pulmonary tuberculosis in two border areas of Ecuador, and contrast them with official figures. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional survey in the southeastern (SEBA), and the Andean southern Ecuadorian border areas (ASBA), which were conducted, respectively, in 1 598 and 2 419 persons aged over 15 years recruited over periods of three weeks. In identified respiratory symptomatic cases, a sputum sample was taken for smear testing. The results (odds ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals), were compared with local and national official figures using maximum likelihood contrasts. Results. The rates of respiratory symptomatic subjects (7.7% and 5.9% in the SEBA, and ASBA, respectively) and of pulmonary tuberculosis (cumulative incidence rates of 125 and 140 per 100 000 inhabitants, in the same order) were significantly greater than the official figures (of 0.98 and 0.99% for respiratory symptomatic subjects in the SEBA and ASBA, respectively; and of 38.23 per 100 000 inhabitants for pulmonary tuberculosis in Ecuador as a whole) (p<0.001). Conclusion. It is necessary to reinforce both active case finding for respiratory symptomatic subject cases, and epidemiological surveillance of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ecuadorian border regions.