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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Schipper, Jan
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1.
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Precipitous decline of white-lipped peccary populations in Mesoamerica
Thornton, Daniel (autor) ; Reyna Hurtado, Rafael Ángel (autor) ; Perera Romero, Lucy (autora) ; Radachowsky, Jeremy (autor) ; Hidalgo Mihart, Mircea Gabriel (autor) ; García Anleu, Rony (autor) ; McNab, Roan (autor) ; Mcloughlin, Lee (autor) ; Foster, Rebecca (autora) ; Harmsen, Bart (autor) ; Moreira Ramírez, José Fernando (autor) ; Diaz Santos, Fabricio (autor) ; Jordan, Christopher A. (autor) ; Salom Pérez, Roberto (autor) ; Meyer, Ninon France Victoire (autor) ; Castañeda, Franklin (autor) ; Elvir Valle, Fausto Antonio (autor) ; Ponce Santizo, Gabriela (autora) ; Amit, Ronit (autora) ; Arroyo Arce, Stephanny (autora) ; Thomson, Ian (autor) ; Moreno, Ricardo (autor) ; Schank, Cody J. (autor) ; Arroyo Gerala, Paulina (autora) ; Bárcenas, Horacio V. (autor) ; Brenes Mora, Esteban (autor) ; Calderón, Ana Patricia (autora) ; Cove, Michael V. (autor) ; Gómez Hoyos, Diego (autor) ; González Maya, José F. (autor) ; Guy, Danny (autor) ; Hernández Jiménez, Gerobuam (autor) ; Hofman, Maarten (autor) ; Kays, Roland (autor) ; King, Travis (autor) ; Martinez Menjivar, Marcio Arnoldo (autor) ; Maza, Javier de la (autor) ; León Pérez, Rodrigo (autor) ; Ramos, Víctor Hugo (autor) ; Rivero Hernández, Crysia Marina (autora) ; Romo Asunción, Sergio (autor) ; Juárez López, Rugieri (autor) ; Jesús de la Cruz, Alejandro (autor) ; De la Torre, Jesús Antonio (autor) ; Towns, Valeria (autora) ; Schipper, Jan (autor) ; Portillo Reyes, Hector Orlando (autor) ; Artavia, Adolfo (autor) ; Hernández Pérez, Edwin Luis Oswaldo (autor) ; Martínez, Wilber (autor) ; Urquhart, Gerald R. (autor) ; Quigley, Howard (autor) ; Pardo, Lain E. (autor) ; Sáenz, Joel C. (autor) ; Sanchez, Khiavett (autora) ; Polisar, John (autor) ;
Contenido en: Biological Conservation Vol. 242, no. 108410 (2020), p. 1-12 ISSN: 0006-3207
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Large mammalian herbivores are experiencing population reductions and range declines. However, we lack regional knowledge of population status for many herbivores, particularly in developing countries. Addressing this knowledge gap is key to implementing tailored conservation strategies forspecies whose population declines are highly variable across their range. White-lipped peccaries (Tayassupecari) are important ecosystem engineers in Neotropical forests and are highly sensitive to human disturbance. Despite maintaining a wide distributional range, white-lipped peccaries are experiencing substantial population declines in some portions of their range.We examined the regional distribution and population status of the species in Mesoamerica. We used a combination of techniques, including expert-based mapping and assessment of population status, and data-driven distribution modelling techniques to determine the status and range limits of white-lipped peccaries. Our analysis revealed declining and highly isolated populations of peccaries across Mesoamerica, with a range reduction of 87% from historic distribution and 63% from current IUCN range estimates for the region. White-lipped peccary distribution is affected by indices of human influence and forest cover, and more restricted than other sympatric large herbivores, with their largest populations confined to transboundary reserves. To conserve white-lipped peccaries in Mesoamerica, transboundary efforts will be needed that focus on both forest conservation and hunting management, increased cross-border coordination, and reconsideration of country and regional conservation priorities. Our methodology to detail regional white-lipped peccary status could be employed on other poorly-known large mammals.


2.
Artículo
High proportion of cactus species threatened with extinction
Goettsch, Bárbara ; Hilton Taylor, Craig (coaut.) ; Cruz Piñón, Gabriela (coaut.) ; Duffy, James P. (coaut.) ; Frances, Anne (coaut.) ; Hernández, Héctor M. (coaut.) ; Inger, Richard (coaut.) ; Pollock, Caroline (coaut.) ; Schipper, Jan (coaut.) ; Superina, Mariella (coaut.) ; Taylor, Nigel P. (coaut.) ; Tognelli, Marcelo (coaut.) ; Abba, Agustín M. (coaut.) ; Arias, Salvador (coaut.) ; Arreola Nava, Hilda J. (coaut.) ; Baker, Marc A. (coaut.) ; Bárcenas, Rolando T. (coaut.) ; Barrios, Duniel (coaut.) ; Braun, Pierre (coaut.) ; Butterworth, Charles A. (coaut.) ; Búrquez, Alberto (coaut.) ; Caceres, Fátima (coaut.) ; Cházaro Basáñez, Miguel de Jesús (coaut.) ; Corral Díaz, Rafael (coaut.) ; Valle Perea, Mario del (coaut.) ; Demaio, Pablo H. (coaut.) ; Duarte de Barros, Williams A. (coaut.) ; Durán García, Rafael (coaut.) ; Faúndez Yancas, Luis (coaut.) ; Felger, Richard S. (coaut.) ; Fitz Maurice, Betty (coaut.) ; Fitz Maurice, Walter A. (coaut.) ; Gann, George (coaut.) ; Gómez Hinostrosa, Carlos (coaut.) ; Gonzales Torres, Luis R. (coaut.) ; Griffith, M. Patrick (coaut.) ; Guerrero, Pablo C. (coaut.) ; Hammel, Barry (coaut.) ; Heil, Kenneth D. (coaut.) ; Hernández Oria, José Guadalupe (coaut.) ; Hoffmann, Michael (coaut.) ; Ishiki Ishihara, Mario (coaut.) ; Kiesling, Roberto (coaut.) ; Larocca, João (coaut.) ; León de la Luz, José Luis (coaut.) ; Loaiza S., Christian R. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Nature Plants No. 15142 (October 2015) ISSN: 2055-0278
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

A high proportion of plant species is predicted to be threatened with extinction in the near future. However, the threat status of only a small number has been evaluated compared with key animal groups, rendering the magnitude and nature of the risks plants face unclear. Here we report the results of a global species assessment for the largest plant taxon evaluated to date under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List Categories and Criteria, the iconic Cactaceae (cacti). We show that cacti are among the most threatened taxonomic groups assessed to date, with 31% of the 1,478 evaluated species threatened, demonstrating the high anthropogenic pressures on biodiversity in arid lands. The distribution of threatened species and the predominant threatening processes and drivers are different to those described for other taxa. The most significant threat processes comprise land conversion to agriculture and aquaculture, collection as biological resources, and residential and commercial development. The dominant drivers of extinction risk are the unscrupulous collection of live plants and seeds for horticultural trade and private ornamental collections, smallholder livestock ranching and smallholder annual agriculture. Our findings demonstrate that global species assessments are readily achievable for major groups of plants with relatively moderate resources, and highlight different conservation priorities and actions to those derived from species assessments of key animal groups.