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3 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Sweeney, Stuart
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1.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Agricultural change and resilience: agricultural policy, climate trends and market integration in the Mexican maize system
Eakin, Hallie ; Sweeney, Stuart (coaut.) ; Lerner, Amy M. (coaut.) ; Appendini, Kirsten Albrechtsen de (coaut.) ; Perales Rivera, Hugo Rafael (coaut.) ; Steigerwald, Douglas G. (coaut.) ; Dewes, Candida F. (coaut.) ; Davenport, Frank (coaut.) ; Bausch, Julia C. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Anthropocene Vol. 23 (September 2018), p. 43-52 ISSN: 2213-3054
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Ensuring that national food systems have capacity to withstand volatility and shocks is a growing concern. Given the complex processes involved, multi-scalar, multi-stressor analyses of critical food systems are needed. This paper presents a multi-scalar analysis of the Mexican maize system to provide insight into the sector’s evolution. The literature suggests that, over the last 30 years, climate trends, domestic and international market dynamics, and domestic policy changes have affected Mexico’s maize sector. In contrast, this study finds no conclusive evidence of wide-spread abandonment of maize. In addition, while economic globalization and climatic changes are often presented as the primary drivers of change in Mexico’s maize sector, results of this study show that domestic policy has been equally, if not more, influential in the sector’s evolution. More than international market integration, the relatively recent geographic concentration of commercial supplies within Mexico has increased national sensitivity to idiosyncratic shocks affecting the dominant supply region. In this light, smallholder persistence across Mexico may represent an underutilized strategic asset in policy efforts to enhance both domestic food security and national-level resilience. The Mexican case illustrates the potential role for proactive domestic policy in shaping sensitivities in the national food system to both internal and exogenous shocks.


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Correlates of maize land and livelihood change among maize farming households in Mexico
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Appendini, Kirsten Albrechtsen de (coaut.) ; Sweeney, Stuart (coaut.) ; Perales Rivera, Hugo Rafael (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: World Development Vol. 70 (June 2015), p. 78-91 ISSN: 0305-750X
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We use classification tree analysis to identify the primary predictors of a suite of maize land use and livelihood outcomes for smallholder farmers in three regions of Mexico (Sinaloa, Mexico state, and Chiapas). Our analysis identifies regionally specific correlates with change in maize area, yield, and income, spanning demographic, environmental, and social development factors. Our results indicate that there may be opportunities for surplus production and market participation in some rain fed areas. We confirm the significance of regional and inter-regional heterogeneity in farmers’ responses and strategies, underscoring the value of regionally specific policy interventions.


3.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Selling maize in Mexico: the persistence of peasant farming in an era of global markets
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Perales Rivera, Hugo Rafael (coaut.) ; Appendini, Kirsten Albrechtsen de (coaut.) ; Sweeney, Stuart (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Development and Change Vol. 45, no. 1 (January 2014), p. 133–155 ISSN: 1467-7660
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The last decade of the twentieth century was heralded as the ‘end of agrarian reform’ in Mexico and the initiation of a new era of market-led agricultural policy and practice. The impact of neoliberalism and the North American Free Trade Agreement on smallholder maize production has been widely conceived as negative, associated with ecological degradation, rural emigration and cultural erosion. Yet, some twenty years later, all evidence suggests that smallholder maize production is continuing in Mexico, albeit in evolving structures and forms. This article uses a farm-level survey implemented in three Mexican states to assess the current condition of maize farming in Mexico. The authors revisit past categorizations of Mexican farmers and apply similar approaches to explore what maize-producing households are doing with their maize, and what current patterns of production imply for future Mexican maize policy. They find evidence of greater persistence and adaptability in Mexican maize farming than is often presented. On the basis of their analysis, they advocate for a reconsideration of the underlying assumptions of public policy, highlighting the heterogeneity of the maize landscape and the unrealized and generally unrecognized potential this heterogeneity represents.