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3 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Tankersley, Kenneth B
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1.
- Capítulo de libro con arbitraje
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Agroforestry and agricultural practices of the ancient Maya at Tikal
Lentz, David L. (autor) ; Magee, Kevin (autor) ; Weaver, Eric (autor) ; Jones, John G. (autor) ; Tankersley, Kenneth B. (autor) ; Hood, Ángela (autora) ; Islebe, Gerald A. (autor) ; Ramos Hernández, Carmen E. (autora) ; Dunning, Nicholas P. (autor) ;
Contenido en: Tikal: paleoecology of an ancient Maya city / edited by David L. Lentz, Nicholas P. Dunning, Vernon L. Scarborough New York, New York, United States : Cambridge University Press, c2015 p. 152-185 ISBN:1-107-02793-4 :: 978-1-107-02793-0
Bibliotecas: Chetumal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
13198-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
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2.
- Libro con arbitraje
Tikal: paleoecology of an ancient Maya city / edited by David L. Lentz, Nicholas P. Dunning, Vernon L. Scarborough
Lenta, David L. (editor) (1951-) ; Dunning, Nicholas P. (editor) (1957-) ; Scarborough, Vernon L. (editor) (1950-) ;
New York, New York, United States : Cambridge University Press , c2015
Clasificación: G/560.450972812 / T5
Bibliotecas: Chetumal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030008490 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The primary theoretical question addressed in this book focuses on the lingering concern of how the ancient Maya in the northern Petén Basin were able to sustain large populations in the midst of a tropical forest environment during the Late Classic period. This book asks how agricultural intensification was achieved and how essential resources, such as water and forest products, were managed in both upland areas and seasonal wetlands, or bajos. All of these activities were essential components of an initially sustainable land use strategy that eventually failed to meet the demands of an escalating population. This spiraling disconnect with sound ecological principles undoubtedly contributed to the Maya collapse. The book's findings provide insights that broaden the understanding of the rise of social complexity - the expansion of the political economy, specifically - and, in general terms, the trajectory of cultural evolution of the ancient Maya civilization.

Índice

List of Figures
List of Tables
Contributors
Editors
Foreword by Payson Sheets
Acknowledgments
1 Tikal Land, Water, and Forest: An Introduction
2 The Evolution of an Ancient Waterworks System at Tikal,, 3 At the Core of Tikal: Terrestrial Sediment Sampling and Water Management
4 Bringing the University of Pennsylvania Maps of Tikal into the Era of Electronic GIS
5 Examining Landscape Modifications for Water Management at Tikal Using Three-Dimensional Modeling with ArcGIS
6 Life on the Edge: Tikal in a Bajo Landscape
7 Connecting Contemporary Ecology and Ethnobotany to Ancient Plant Use Practices of the Maya at Tikal
8 Agroforestry and Agricultural Practices of the Ancient Maya at Tikal
9 Fire and Water: The Archaeological Significance of Tikal’s Quaternary Sediments
10 Fractious Farmers at Tikal
11 Material Culture of Tikal
12 A Neighborly View: Water and Environmental History of the El Zotz Region
13 Defining the Constructed Niche of Tikal: A Summary View
References
Index


3.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Tikal has long been viewed as one of the leading polities of the ancient Maya realm, yet how the city was able to maintain its substantial population in the midst of a tropical forest environment has been a topic of unresolved debate among researchers for decades. We present ecological, paleoethnobotanical, hydraulic, remote sensing, edaphic, and isotopic evidence that reveals how the Late Classic Maya at Tikal practiced intensive forms of agriculture (including irrigation, terrace construction, arboriculture, household gardens, and short fallow swidden) coupled with carefully controlled agroforestry and a complex system of water retention and redistribution. Empirical evidence is presented to demonstrate that this assiduously managed anthropogenic ecosystem of the Classic period Maya was a landscape optimized in a way that provided sustenance to a relatively large population in a preindustrial, low-density urban community. This landscape productivity optimization, however, came with a heavy cost of reduced environmental resiliency and a complete reliance on consistent annual rainfall. Recent speleothem data collected from regional caves showed that persistent episodes of unusually low rainfall were prevalent in the mid-9th century A.D., a time period that coincides strikingly with the abandonment of Tikal and the erection of its last dated monument in A.D. 869. The intensified resource management strategy used at Tikal—already operating at the landscape’s carrying capacity—ceased to provide adequate food, fuel, and drinking water for the Late Classic populace in the face of extended periods of drought. As a result, social disorder and abandonment ensued.