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2 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Verschoor, Gerard
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1.
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Socio-environmental regimes in natural protected areas: a case study in La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve
Meza Jiménez, Amayrani (autora) ; Parra Vázquez, Manuel Roberto (autor) ; García Barrios, Luis Enrique (autor) ; Verschoor, Gerard (autor) ; Estrada Lugo, Erin Ingrid Jane (autora) (1959-) ;
Contenido en: Socio-environmental regimes and local visions: transdisciplinary experiences in Latin America / Minerva Arce Ibarra, Manuel Roberto Parra Vázquez, Eduardo Bello Baltazar, Luciana Gomes de Araujo, editors Cham, Switzerland, German : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020 páginas 291-312 ISBN:978-3-030-49767-5
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

In this chapter, we analyze the reasons why local socio-environmental systems have met in a limited way the purpose of balancing conservation with development in the Upper Basin of the Tablón River (UBTR), located in La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve (SEBIRE). The study used a transdisciplinary exercise which conceives the Local Socio-Environmental Systems (LSES) as complex and adaptive systems, in which four subsystems interact: (i) the local regime, (ii) the landscape, (iii) the agrarian system, and (iv) the territorial action group. Two common property holdings (“ejidos”) were studied with the case study method. The four subsystems were analyzed through participatory and qualitative research. The results indicated: (a) the local regime imposes norms that limit the decision-making capacity of local actors and its compensatory payments generate dependency and a reactive attitude; (b) the setback of forest frontiers has remained relatively stable due to SEBIRE environmental standards, but natural capital is increasingly vulnerable to socio-environmental disturbances; (c) domestic units (DUs) have little capacity to respond to environmental and market changes; their development is restricted by the geographical, social, and economic conditions of the basin; some producers are unable to cover their production costs and their limited resources barely reach the minimum welfare line; and (d) in the UBTR there are important socio-environmental innovation processes that have generated adaptive management alternatives, but these still face significant challenges at the basin level. In conclusion, the LSES of the UBTR has restrictions on its four components and has not reached the capacity to be socially reproduced. In these LSES, the local regime has promoted an economic model and territorial management mechanisms that have made it environmentally and economically vulnerable.


2.
Libro
Forest-people interfaces: understanding community forestry and biocultural diversity / edited by: Bas Arts, Séverine van Bommel, Mirjam Ros-Tonen, Gerard Verschoor
Disponible en línea: Forest-people interfaces: understanding community forestry and biocultural diversity.
Arts, Bas (ed.) ; Bommel, Séverine van (coed.) ; Ros-Tonen, Mirjam (coed.) ; Verschoor, Gerard (coed.) ;
The Netherlands : Wageningen Academic Publishers , 2012
Clasificación: 634.928 / F65
Bibliotecas: Villahermosa
Cerrar
SIBE Villahermosa
ECO050006368 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

This book aims at both academics and professionals in the field of forest-people interfaces. It takes the reader on a journey through four major themes that have emerged since the initiation of 'social forestry' in the 1970s: non-timber forest products and agroforestry; community-based natural resource management; biocultural diversity; and forest governance. In so doing, the books offers a comprehensive and current review on social issues related to forests that other, more specialized publications, lack. It is also theory-rich, offering both mainstream and critical perspectives, and presents up-to-date empirical materials. Reviewing these four major research themes, the main conclusion of the book is that naïve optimism associated with forest-people interfaces should be tempered. The chapters show that economic development, political empowerment and environmental aims are not easily integrated. Hence local landscapes and communities are not as 'makeable' as is often assumed. Events that take place on other scales might intervene; local communities might not implement policies locally; and governance practices might empower governments more than communities. This all shows that we should go beyond community-based ideas and ideals, and look at practices on the ground.

Índice

Preface
1. Forest-people interfaces: from local creativity to global concerns
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Non-timber forest products and agroforestry
1.3 Community-based natural resource management
1.4 Biocultural diversity
1.5 Forest governance
1.6 Conclusion
References
Part I. Non-timber forest products and agroforestry
2. Non-timber forest product extraction as a productive bricolage process
Abstract
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Non-timber forest products: general characteristics and their role in peoples’ livelihoods
2.3 NTFP production as productive bricolage
2.4 The need to consider levels of scale: adding a political ecological perspective
2.5 Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References
3. Gum and resin-producing species in the drylands of Ethiopia: productive bricolage footprints on the landscape
Teshale Woldeamanuel Abstract
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Dry forests in Ethiopia
3.3 Gum and resin in the dryland livelihoods of Ethiopia: livelihood strategies and dynamics
3.4 Status of the woodlands dominated by Boswellia species in the drylands of Ethiopia
3.5 Understanding the management status of gum and resin-producing woodlands
3.6 Discussion: productive bricolage and landscape management
3.7 Conclusion
References

4. Land-use dynamics in enset-based agroforestry homegardens in Ethiopia
Tesfaye Abebe and Frans Bongers Abstract
4.1 Introduction 69 4.2 Structure and composition of enset-coffee agroforestry homegardens
4.3 The central role of enset in homegardens and livelihoods
4.4 Dynamics in enset area composition
4.5 Implications of the dynamics in enset-coffee agroforestry homegardens for agricultural sustainability
4.6 Conclusions
References
5. Woodfuel and producers’ livelihoods in the Congo Basin
Abstract
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Theoretical outlook
5.3 Methodology
5.4 Results
5.5 Discussion
5.6 Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References
Part II. Community-based natural resource management
6. Discourses of community forestry
Abstract
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Environmental discourses
6.3 Discourses of community forestry
6.4 Assessing the CF discourse
6.5 Community forestry discourses: quo vadis?
6.6 Conclusions
References

7. Conservancies in Namibia: a discourse in action
Abstract
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The empirical setting
7.3 The theoretical setting: analysing conservancies
7.4 The community question: conservancy dynamics
7.5 New regimes of power?
7.6 Conclusions
References
8. REDD+: what’s in it for community forest management?
Abstract
8.1 Introduction
8.2 The nature of international REDD+ policy
8.3 The prominence of CFM in national REDD+ plans
8.4 The niche of CFM within REDD+
8.5 The commercial value of the carbon services delivered by CFM
8.6 Organising payments for communities
8.7 The dangers of recentralisation and the establishment of safeguards and rights
8.8 Regulation, markets or negotiation?
References
9. Learning from the actors: the rise and demise of a CBNRM initiative in Mexico
Abstract
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Constructing the organisation
9.3 Putting the CBNRM initiative into practice
9.4 Demise
9.5 Conclusion
References