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4 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Wolff, Matthias
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1.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Flood pulse induced changes in isotopic niche and resource utilization of consumers in a Mexican floodplain system
Sepúlveda Lozada, Alejandra ; Saint Paul, Ulrich (coaut.) ; Mendoza Carranza, Manuel (coaut.) ; Wolff, Matthias (coaut.) ; Yáñez Arancibia, Alejandro (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Aquatic Sciences Vol. 79, no. 3 (July 2017), p. 597–616 ISSN: 1420-9055
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Tropical coastal ecosystems of the southern Gulf of Mexico including marshes, mangroves and seagrasses of Centla Wetlands and Terminos Lagoon (Grijalva-Usumacinta delta) are known to host a high diversity of aquatic consumers. Nevertheless, the limited research focusing on the energy fluxes that sustain consumers has as yet neither considered the strong seasonality of these systems, nor the linkage of the trophic flow patterns with ecosystem functioning. The present work analyses and compares stable isotope ratios (δ¹³C and δ ¹³5N) of consumers during the dry and rainy season at different wetland sites to determine their resource utilization. The sites compared comprise three fluvio-lagoons and a coastal mangrove creek that differ in vegetational characteristics, distance to the sea, and freshwater input. The results support the hypothesis that a larger isotopic niche breadth of consumers prevails during the rainy season, when resource availability is supposedly higher. This translates into an increase in resource use diversification by consumers and corroborates the flood pulse concept (FPC), which can be particularly applied to those habitats with high riverine influence in the study area (e.g., fluvio-lagoons). However, the FPC alone cannot be applied to understand the main factors influencing the fate and utilization of basal resources in areas interacting more actively with the sea, and therefore further extensions and/or complementary conceptual approaches considering marine systems highly interconnected with coastal floodplains should be considered.


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Differences in food web structure of mangroves and freshwater marshes: evidence from stable isotope studies in the Southern Gulf of Mexico
Sepúlveda Lozada, Alejandra ; Mendoza Carranza, Manuel (coaut.) ; Wolff, Matthias (coaut.) ; Saint Paul, Ulrich (coaut.) ; Ponce Mendoza, Alejandro (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Wetlands Ecology and Management Vol. 23, no. 2 (April 2015), p. 293-314 ISSN: 1572-9834
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Tropical coastal habitats like marshes, mangroves, and submerged grasses comprise diverse plant and animal communities and a certain degree of connectivity with other ecosystems. We compared the food web structure of a fringing mangrove-seagrass habitat and three fluvio-lagoons with marsh-eelgrass and mangrove-bare sediments during a dry season in Terminos Lagoon and Centla Wetlands, Southern Gulf of Mexico. Analysis of d13C and d15N stable isotopes in tissues of aquatic consumers, primary producers, and other carbon sources, in combination with isotope- based Bayesian methods, were performed to determine the main food sources and the isotopic niche of the consumers’ communities. Consumers in the man- grove-seagrass site showed high dependence on phytoplankton (average contribution 31 %), macroal- gae (20 %) and organic matter derived from seagrass- es (17 %). In the fluvio-lagoons, consumers showed high dependence on marginal vegetation (16–46 %). Phytoplankton and mangrove epiphytes comprised other important resources at these sites (with contri- butions of 24–44 %). The isotopic niche of consumers from the fringing mangrove-seagrass site did not overlap with those from the fluvio-lagoons. Moreover, despite the predominance of generalist consumers in all sites, differences in their isotopic niche area were observed, with consumers from the marsh-eelgrass site showing the narrowest. This suggests that con- sumer resource availability greatly differs in these habitats. Our results provide valuable information that help increase our understanding about the trophic structure in these important estuarine systems.


3.
- Artículo con arbitraje
From adoption to implementation? An academic perspective on Sustainable Fisheries Management in a developing country
Espinoza Tenorio, Alejandro ; Espejel Carbajal, Martha Ileana (coaut.) ; Wolff, Matthias (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Marine Policy Vol. 62 (December 2015), p. 252–260 ISSN: 0308-597X
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Despite the fact that Sustainable Fisheries Management (SFM) has long been proposed internationally, it remains controversial. Practical and successful applications are scarce, especially in developing countries with a recent history of massive overfishing, such as Mexico. Although SFM has been adopted at the highest level of the Mexican legal framework during the last two decades, its successful implementation still faces a series of complex challenges. At present, important changes in the Mexican political regime are at a breaking point, motivating the academic discussion about the national implications of adopting SFM approaches. Through the analysis of a series of deep interviews of key actors, combined with published material, the article illustrates how the fast-track adoption of SFM approaches has fared in a national fisheries context, the current situation being largely dysfunctional with regard to the challenges of SFM. A complicated mixture between unbeaten management and academic vestiges caused the present circumstances of an enhanced but limited fisheries system. The article proposes academic initiatives required to improve the implementation of SFM in Mexico based on an enhanced understanding of domestic historic conditions and challenges.


4.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We developed a transdisciplinary modeling approach for the Huave Lagoon System (HLS), Mexico. This lagoon was selected because it has been used sustainably in various complimentary ways by different ethnic groups since pre-Hispanic times. Over the last few years, however, the ecological impact of artisanal fisheries in the region has grown significantly, thus endangering the balance between society and nature. Because the Huaves and the Zapotecs are ancestral fishing cultures with a profound knowledge of ecosystem resources and local property rights, the aim of this study was to identify ecosystem-level management alternatives capable of diminishing fishing impacts to the HLS. We used a consensus–building process and applied the user’s traditional ecological knowledge (TEK). Our counterintuitive results show that specific management strategies should be considered for each particular fishing seascape within the HLS while taking into account the differences among ecological structures and fishery dynamics. The insights from this research aid in defining holistic management policies and support spatial allocations of use rights in local fisheries.