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1 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: van der Plicht, Hans
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Explosive eruption of El Chichón volcano (Mexico) disrupted 6th century Maya civilization and contributed to global cooling
Nooren, Kees ; Hoek, Wim Z. (coaut.) ; van der Plicht, Hans (coaut.) ; Sigl, Michael (coaut.) ; van Bergen, Manfred J. (coaut.) ; Galop, Didier (coaut.) ; Torrescano Valle, Nuria (coaut.) ; Islebe, Gerald A. (coaut.) ; Huizinga, Annika (coaut.) ; Winkels, Tim (coaut.) ; Middelkoop, Hans (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Geology Vol. 45, no. 2 (February 2017), p. 175-178 ISSN: 0091-7613
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Resumen en inglés

A remarkably long period of Northern Hemispheric cooling in the 6th century CE, which disrupted human societies across large parts of the globe, has been attributed to volcanic forcing of climate. A major tropical eruption in 540 CE is thought to have played a key role, but there is no consensus about the source volcano to date. Here, we present evidence for El Chichón in southern Mexico as the most likely candidate, based on a refined reconstruction of the volcano’s eruption history. A new chronological framework, derived from distal tephra deposits and the world’s largest Holocene beach ridge plain along the Gulf of Mexico, enabled us to positively link a major explosive event to a prominent volcanic sulfur spike in bipolar ice core records, dated at 540 CE. We speculate that voluminous tephra fall from the eruption had a severe environmental impact on Maya societies, leading to temporary cultural decline, site abandonment, and migration within the core area of Maya civilization.