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1.
Libro
The braconid and ichneumonid parasitoid wasps: biology, systematics, evolution and ecology / Donald L. J. Quicke
Quicke, Donald L. J. ;
Chichester, West Sussex, UK : Wiley-Blackwell , 2015
Clasificación: 595.79 / QU53
Bibliotecas: Chetumal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030008385 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The Ichneumonoidea is a vast and important superfamily of parasitic wasps, with some 60,000 described species and estimated numbers far higher, especially for small-bodied tropical taxa. The superfamily comprises two cosmopolitan families - Braconidae and Ichneumonidae - that have largely attracted separate groups of researchers, and this, to a considerable extent, has meant that understanding of their adaptive features has often been considered in isolation. This book considers both families, highlighting similarities and differences in their adaptations. The classification of the whole of the Ichneumonoidea, along with most other insect orders, has been plagued by typology whereby undue importance has been attributed to particular characters in defining groups. Typology is a common disease of traditional taxonomy such that, until recently, quite a lot of taxa have been associated with the wrong higher clades. The sheer size of the group, and until the last 30 or so years, lack of accessible identification materials, has been a further impediment to research on all but a handful of ‘lab rat’ species usually cultured initially because of their potential in biological control. New evidence, largely in the form of molecular data, have shown that many morphological, behavioural, physiological and anatomical characters associated with basic life history features, specifically whether wasps are ecto- or endoparasitic, or idiobiont or koinobiont, can be grossly misleading in terms of the phylogeny they suggest. This book shows how, with better supported phylogenetic hypotheses entomologists can understand far more about the ways natural selection is acting upon them.

This new book also focuses on this superfamily with which the author has great familiarity and provides a detailed coverage of each subfamily, emphasising anatomy, taxonomy and systematics, biology, as well as pointing out the importance and research potential of each group. Fossil taxa are included and it also has sections on biogeography, global species richness, culturing and rearing and preparing specimens for taxonomic study. The book highlights areas where research might be particularly rewarding and suggests systems/groups that need investigation. The author provides a large compendium of references to original research on each group. This book is an essential workmate for all postgraduates and researchers working on ichneumonoid or other parasitic wasps worldwide. It will stand as a reference book for a good number of years, and while rapid advances in various fields such as genomics and host physiological interactions will lead to new information, as an overall synthesis of the current state it will stay relevant for a long time.

Índice

Preface
Acknowledgements
1 Introduction
Life history
Systematics
Part 1 Morphology and Biology
2 Adult External Morphology
Head
Antennal sensilla
Antennal glands and tyloids
Palps
Mesosoma
Legs
Wings wing venation and wing cells
Confusing and sometimes erroneously applied vein names
Wing flexion lines
Metasoma
Sexual dimorphism
Male external genitalia
3 The Ovipositor and Ovipositor Sheaths
The act of oviposition
Functional morphology of wood-drillers
Ovipositor stabilisation guides and buckling force
Ovipositor notches and endoparasitism
Ovipositor steering mechanisms
Proposed evolutionary and related ovipositor transitions
Number position and possible functions of ovipositor valvilli
Venom retention and delivery
Ovipositor secretory pores
Ovipositor sensilla
Ovipositor sheaths
4 Internal and Reproductive Anatomy
Nervous system
Digestive tract
Female internal reproductive system
Ovaries
Time scale of egg maturation
Spermatheca
Common oviduct and vaginal gland
Venom gland and reservoir
Dufour’s gland
Cuticular hydrocarbons
Sex pheromones
Male internal reproductive system
Sperm ultrastructure
Spermatogeny index
5 Immature Stages
Eggs and oögenesis
Hydropic and anhydropic eggs
Embryogenesis
Embryonic membranes
Larva
Larval feeding and nutrition
Larval food consumption and dietary efficiency
Lipid metabolism
Respiration in endoparasitoids
Larval secretions
The pupal stage
Cocoons
6 Idiobionts Koinobionts and Other Life History Traits
Parasitoidism
Idiobiont and koinobiont strategies
Generalists and specialists
Ecto- and endoparasitism
Permanent host paralysis
Gregarious development
Superparasitism
Larval combat and physiological suppression
Adaptive superparasitism
Multiparasitism
Obligate and preferential multiparasitism
Hyperparasitism and pseudohyperparasitism
Kleptoparasitism

Evolution of life history strategies
7 Sex Courtship and Mating
Sex determination
Local mate competition and avoidance of inbreeding
Sex allocation
Protandry and virginity
Thelytoky and cytoplasmic incompatibility
Mate location
Courtship
Swarming and lekking
Mating position
Multiple mating and sperm competition
Sex-related scent glands
Genome size and recombination
Cytogenetics
8 Host Location Associative Learning and Host Assessment
Tritrophic interactions
Host acceptance
Associative learning
Biosensors
Patch use
9 Overcoming Host Immune Reaction and Physiological Interactions With Host
Overcoming host immunity in endoparasitoids
Passive evasion of encapsulation by parasitoid eggs
Avoiding encapsulation by physical means
Effect of host age and haemocyte number
Other host defence mechanisms
Venoms
Neurophysiological venom actions
Venom effects on host immune response
Polydnaviruses
Effects of polydnaviruses on hosts
Other reproductive viruses
Improving host quality
Host castration and similar effects
Teratocytes
Intraspecific variation in resistance to parasitoids
Effects on host moulting pattern
Parasitoid-induced changes in host behaviour
10 Convergent Adaptations
Antennal hammers and vibrational sounding
Enlarged mandibles
Chisel-like mandibles
Concealed nectar extraction apparatus
Reduced number of palpal segments
‘Facial’ protruberances
Frontal depressions
Dorsal ridges on head or mesosoma
Brachyptery and aptery
Dorso-ventral flattening
Postpectal carina
Propodeal spines
‘Fossorial’ legs
Fore tibial spines
Fore tibial apical tooth
Expanded hind basitarsi
Toothed hind femur
Distitarsal scraper
Pectinate claws and claws with angular basal lobes
Glabrous wing patches and wing membrane scleromes
Carapacisation
Petiolate metasomas
Modifications to the posterior metasomal margin

Spermathecal colour
Compression of apical part of metasoma
The ‘ophionoid facies’
White antennal stripes and tips
White ovipositor sheath stripes and tips
Number of larval instars
Egg-larval parasitism
Disc-like larval antennae
Reduction of larval hypostomal spur
Wide and heavily sclerotised larval epistoma
Suspended cocoons
Polyembryony
Phytophagy and cecidogenesis
Part 2 Taxonomic and Systematic Treatment
11 Overview of Ichneumonoidea: Relationships and Systematics
Monophyly of Ichneumonoidea Ichneumonidae and Braconidae
Relationship of Ichneumonoidea to other Hymenoptera
Fossil history and family-level phylogeny
Brief history of classification
Ancestral biology of Ichneumonoidea
Separating ichneumonids from braconids
Identifying specimens
12 Phylogeny and Systematics of the Braconidae
Historical perspective
Morphophylogenetic hypotheses
Molecular phylogenetics
Braconid classification
Eoichneumoninae†
Trachypetiformes
Trachypetinae
Cyclostomes incertae sedis
Protorhyssalinae et al.
Apozyginae
The aphidioid clade or ‘Gondwanan’ complex
Aphidiinae
Maxfischeriinae
Mesostoinae (including Canberreriini and Hydrangeocolini)
The remaining cyclostomes
Doryctinae (including Ypsistocerini)
Pambolinae
Rhysipolinae
Rhyssalinae
Rogadinae s.l. Hormiinae Lysiterminae
Betylobraconinae
Hormiinae
Lysiterminae
Rogadinae sensu stricto
Alysioid subcomplex including Braconinae
Alysiinae and Opiinae
Alysiinae
General Alysiinae biology
Alysiini
Dacnusini
Opiinae
Braconinae
Exothecinae
Gnamptodontinae (= Gnaptodontinae)
Telengaiinae
The non-cyclostomes
Sigalphoid complex
Agathidinae
Sigalphinae
Helconoid complex
Helconinae
Helconoid group incertae sedis
Blacinae
Acampsohelconinae
Macrocentrine subcomplex
Macrocentrinae
Charmontiinae
Amicrocentrinae

Xiphozelinae
Homolobinae
Microtypinae
Orgilinae
Euphoroid complex
Euphorinae
Cenocoeliinae
The microgastroids
Cardiochilinae
Cheloninae (including Adeliini)
Dirrhopinae
Ichneutinae
Khoikhoiinae
Mendesellinae
Microgastrinae
Miracinae
Unplaced subfamilies
Masoninae
Meteorideinae
13 Phylogeny and Systematics of the Ichneumonidae
History of ichneumonid classification
Henry Townes (1913–90) and his idiosyncratic nomenclature
The extinct subfamilies
Tanychorinae†
Palaeoichneumoninae†
Labenopimplinae†
Pherombinae†
Townesitinae†
The xoridiformes
Xoridinae
The labeniformes
Labeninae
Groteini
Labenini
Poecilocryptini
The pimpliformes
Acaenitinae
Collyriinae
Cylloceriinae
Diacritinae
Diplazontinae
Orthocentrinae (= Helictinae)
Pimplinae
Delomeristini
Ephialtini (= Pimplini of Townes)
Polysphincta group
Pimplini
Poemeniinae (= Neoxoridinae)
Poemeniini
Pseudorhyssini
Rodrigamini
Rhyssinae
The ichneumoniformes
Adelognathinae
Agriotypinae
Alomyinae
Cryptinae
Aptesini
Cryptini
Phygadeuontini
Ichneumoninae
The brachycyrtiformes
Brachycyrtinae
Claseinae (Clasinae)
Pedunculinae
The orthopelmatiformes
Orthopelmatinae
The ophioniformes
Lower ophioniformes
Banchinae
Lycorininae
Sisyrostolinae
Stilbopinae
Tryphoninae
Middle ophioniformes
Ctenopelmatinae
Mesochorinae
Metopiinae
Oxytorinae
Tatogastrinae
Tersilochinae (including Neorhacodinae and Phrudinae s.s.)
Higher ophioniformes
Anomaloninae
Campopleginae
Cremastinae
Hybrizontinae
Nesomesochorinae
Ophioninae
Unplaced subfamilies
Eucerotinae
Microleptinae
Part 3 Ecology and Diversity
14 Ecology
Adult diet
Host-feeding
Water sugar and pollen feeding
Fecundity
Voltinism and seasonality
Daily activity patterns
Diapause
Cold hardiness hibernation and overwintering
Coloration and thermoregulation

Biological control
Effect on host food consumption
Artificial diets
Artificial hosts
Use of alternative hosts
Hyperparasitism and kleptoparasitism
Predation
Pathogens
Transmission of host pathogens
Dispersal
Coloration and mimetic rings
Palatability and odours
Competition
Apparent competition
Host ranges of parasitoids
Parasitoid guilds and food webs
Evolution of host ranges and speciation
15 Local and Global Patterns in Diversity
Field research in the tropics and anomalous diversity
Estimation of global ichneumonoid species richness
Distribution related to climate and latitude
The nasty host hypothesis
Biogeography
Islands and their parasitoid faunas
Species accumulation curves
Altitudinal gradients
Estimating local species diversity
Ichneumonoidea as biodiversity indicators
Conservation
Effect of habitat degradation on ichneumonoid composition
Significance of cryptic species
16 Collecting and Rearing Ichneumonoidea
Field collecting adults
Pan traps
Sweep netting
Light trapping
Canopy fogging
Malaise traps
Rearings from wild-collected hosts
Rearing leaf rollers and tiers
Substrate rearings
Culturing
Mating in captivity
Mass rearing
Mounting specimens for taxonomic study
Preparing specimens from alcohol storage
Direct pinning
Side gluing
Card rectangles and card points
Secondary staging
Labelling
Preserving specimens for DNA analysis
Packaging and posting specimens to other workers
17 Epilogue
Phylogenetic questions
Host and parasitism questions
Physiological questions
Ecological questions
Glossary
References
Author index
General index
Host index
Ichneumonoid genus tribe and subfamily index
Ichneumonoidea species index

Color Plate Sections Are Inserted Between Pages Noted Below
First 12-page colour plate section (between pages 112 and 113) Second 12-page colour plate section (between pages 208 and 209) Third 12-page colour plate section (between pages 336 and 337) Fourth 16-page colour plate section (between pages 432 and 433)


2.
Tesis
Estudio genérico de braconidae de Balún Canal, Chiapas, México (hymenoptera) / Victor López Martínez
López Martínez, Victor ;
Montecillo, Estado de México, México : Colegio de Postgraduados. Institución de Enseñanza e Investigación en Ciencias Agrícolas , 1999
Clasificación: CH/595.79 / L6
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
SFA002490 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1

3.
Libro
Memorias del XXXIV congreso nacional de entomología / editores: Néstor Bautista Martínez, Oscar Morales Galván, César Ruíz Montiel
Congreso Nacional de Entomología (34 : 1999 : Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, México) ; Bautista Martínez, Néstor (editor) ; Morales Galván, Óscar (editor) ; Ruiz Montiel, César (editor) ;
Distrito Federal, México : Sociedad Mexicana de Entomología , 1999
Clasificación: 595.7 / C6/1999
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020003896 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1

4.
Libro
Manual para los generos de la familia braconidae (hymenoptera) del nuevo mundo / editado por Imelda Mercado ; traducción de Imelda Mercado, Yolanda López, Larisa Galvez y Darío Ramírez
Mercado, Imelda (ed.) ; López, Yolanda (tr.) ; Galvez, Larisa (cotr.) ; Ramírez, Darío (cotr.) ;
Washington, United States : The International Society of Hymenopterists , 1998
Clasificación: C/595.79 / M3
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020002097 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1

5.
Libro
Manual of the new world genera of the family braconidae (hymenoptera) / edited by Robert A. Wharton, Paul M. Marsh, Michael J. Sharkey
Wharton, Robert A. (ed.) ; Marsh, Paul M. (coed.) ; Sharkey, Michael J. (coed.) ;
Washington : The International Society of Hymenopterists , 1997
Clasificación: C/595.79 / M35
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020002096 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1

6.
Libro
Biodiversidad, taxonomía y biogeografía de artrópodos de México: hacia una síntesis de su conocimiento / editores Jorge E. Llorente Bousquets, Alfonso N. García Aldrete, Enrique González Soriano, Juan J. Morrone
Llorente Bousquets, Jorge E. (ed.) ; García Aldrete, Alfonso N. (coed.) ; González Soriano, Enrique (coed.) ; Morrone, Juan J. (coed.) ;
Distrito Federal, México : Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología , 1996-
Clasificación: C/595.2 / B5
Cerrar
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7.
Capítulo de libro
Evidencia de fitofagia en larvas de monitoriella elongata (Hymenoptera: braconidae)
Infante, Francisco ; Hanson, Paul E. (coaut.) ; Wharton, Robert A. (coaut.) ;
Clasificación: S/633.73976 / I5/5
Contenido en: Congreso nacional de control biológico (18 : 1995 : Tapachula, Chiapas, México) p. 59-60
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal , Tapachula
Cerrar
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8.
Artículo
Phytophagy in the genus monitoriella (Hymenoptera: braconidae) with description of new species
Infante, Francisco ; Hanson, Paul E. (coaut.) ; Wharton, Robert A. (coaut.) ;
Clasificación: AR/632.96 / I5/1
Contenido en: Annals of the Entomological Society of America Vol. 88, no. 4 (1995), p. 407-415 ISSN: 0013-8746
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal , Tapachula
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ECO020010375 (Disponible)
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9.
Tesis
Braconidae (hymenoptera) de Nuevo León y Tamaulipas / Mario Rafael Cantú Garza
Cantú Garza, Mario Rafael ;
Clasificación: T/595.790972 / C3
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
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SIBE Tapachula
B8332 (Disponible)
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