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3 resultados encontrados para: TEMA: Lempira (Honduras)
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- Artículo con arbitraje
Adaptation in a multi-stressor environment: perceptions and responses to climatic and economic risks by coffee growers in Mesoamerica
Eakin, Hallie Catherine (1970-) ; Tucker, Catherine M. (coaut.) ; Castellanos, Edwin (coaut.) ; Díaz Porras, Rafael (coaut.) ; Barrera, Juan F. (coaut.) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Environment, Development and Sustainability Vol. 16, no. 1 (February 2014), p. 123-139 ISSN: 1387-585X
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

While climate change adaptation policy has tended to focus on planned adaptation interventions, in many vulnerable communities, adaptation will consist of autonomous, “unplanned” actions by individuals who are responding to multiple simultaneous sources of change. Their actions are likely not only to affect their own future vulnerability, but, through changes in livelihoods and resource use, the vulnerability of their community and resource base. In this paper, we document the autonomous changes to livelihood strategies adopted by smallholder coffee farmers in four Mesoamerican countries (Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica). Our aim is to gain insight into the process of autonomous adaptation by proxy: through an assessment of how farmers explain their choices in relation to distinct stressors; and an understanding of the set of choices available to farmers. We find that climatic stress is a feature in decision making, but not the dominant driver. Nevertheless, the farmers in our sample are evidently flexible, adaptive, and experimental in relation to changing circumstances. Whether their autonomous responses to diverse stressors will result in a reduction in risk over time may well depend on the extent to which policy, agricultural research, and rural investments build on the inherent logic of these strategies.

Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Development of sustainable agricultural production systems in the tropics is challenging in part because the local and external conditions that affect sustainability are constantly in flux. The Quesungual agroforestry system (QSMAS) was developed in response to these changing conditions. The history and potential future of the QSMAS provide an opportunity to consider the factors affecting small-scale agricultural production systems on marginal lands throughout the world. We evaluated the QSMAS in Honduras in the context of the five principles of the Drylands Development Paradigm (DDP) during three periods: pre-QSMAS, QSMAS adoption and the future. The first two periods provided lessons that could be relevant to other regions. The QSMAS system in Honduras must continue to evolve, if long-term benefits are to be realized. We conclude that while the DDP was a useful framework for systematically identifying the critical drivers and processes determining the sustainability of QSMAS in Honduras, it is ultimately no more able to predict the future than the collective knowledge of those who choose to apply it. The DDP, however, can facilitate the integration and application of knowledge.

*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
The quezungual system: an indigenous agroforestry system from western Honduras
Hellin, J. ; Welchez, L. A. (coaut.) ; Cherrett, I. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Agroforestry Systems an International Journal Vol. 46, no. 3 (1999), p. 229-237 ISSN: 0167-4366
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
SIBE San Cristóbal
B7870 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal