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5 resultados encontrados para: TEMA: Sistemas socioecológicos
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1.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Management strategies, silvopastoral practices and socioecological drivers in traditional livestock systems in tropical dry forests: an integrated analysis
Sánchez Romero, Rosa (autora) ; Balvanera, Patricia (autora) ; Castillo Álvarez, Alicia (autora) ; Mora Ardila, Francisco (autor) ; García Barrios, Luis Enrique (autor) ; González Esquivel, Carlos Ernesto (autor) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Forest Ecology and Management Volumen 479, artículo número 118506 (January 2021), páginas 1-10 ISSN: 0378-1127
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Understanding traditional livestock management is essential in the design of more sustainable systems, given the forest loss associated to the growing demand for meat. In Latin America, where extensive livestock production is increasing, along with tropical dry forest (TDF) transformation, the role of small holders is critical for designing more sustainable management practices. This study is an integrated socioecological analysis of traditional livestock systems in a region with TDF in Mexico. The objectives were to: a) characterise the historical development and current state of livestock systems and silvopastoral practices, b) define the management strategies and their impacts on forests, and c) identify the regional and local socioecological drivers that influence decision- making processes in livestock and forest management. In-depth interviews were carried out to 32 cattle farmers and analysed using a qualitative-interpretative approach which included multivariate and narrative analyses. Three historical stages (colonization, promotion of livestock and forest conservation) had a strong impact in the development and current state of livestock systems. Access to natural and economic resources and proportion of plant cover (grassland/forest) were essential in defining four groups of management strategies.

The main regional drivers favouring or restricting production include climate, native vegetation, markets and public policies; at the local scale, socioecological factors, such as water availability, native vegetation, economic assets, local knowledge and their interactions determine heterogeneity in management strategies, decision-making processes and their impacts on forests. Adaptive management of livestock and forests in a context of limited economic resources has allowed the conservation of forest areas and the use of silvopastoral practices with local tree species. The integrated socio-ecological approach and the use of mixed methods allowed a better understanding of drivers and their interrelationships, the local knowledge, objectives and perceptions of farmers in the decision-making processes regarding livestock and forest management. Perspectives of farmers on resource use can contribute to the design of more effective and inclusive policies for sustainable livestock systems in the dry tropics.


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Syndromes of production and tree-cover dynamics of Neotropical grazing land
Valencia Mestre, Mariana C.. autora ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Vandermeer, John (autor) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 4 (2019), p. 362–385 ISSN: 2168-3573
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

This paper provides a conceptual framework for analyzing the dynamics of tree cover transformations in the cattle pastures across the Neotropics. It proposes that tree cover variability across cattle pastures can be envisioned as a set of‘syndromes of production, ’among which transformations may be linear, non-linear, or multivalued. Our framework is informed by a review of the literature from which we define the components that make up tree coverand the socioecological drivers of tree cover in cattle pastures. We propose that the drivers of tree cover are the continuum between two economies: the peasant and the capitalist.


3.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Introdução
Astier Calderón, Marta ; García Barrios, Luis Enrique (coaut.) ; González Esquivel, Carlos Ernesto (coaut.) ; Larrondo Posadas, Lourdes Georgina (coaut.) ; López Ridaura, Santiago (coaut.) ; Masera Cerutti, Omar Raúl (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Agricultura Familiar. Pesquisa, Formação e Desenvolvimento Vol. 11, no. 01 2015 (jun-jun. 2017), p. 9-16 ISSN: 1414-0810
PDF

4.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Resiliencia, vulnerabilidad y sustentabilidad de sistemas socioecológicos en México
Balvanera, Patricia ; Astier Calderón, Marta (coaut.) ; Gurri García, Francisco D. (coaut.) ; Zermeño Hernández, Isela (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad Vol. 88, Supl. 1 (December 2017), p. 141-149 ISSN: 1870-3453
PDF
Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Existe un creciente entendimiento de una fuerte interdependencia entre las sociedades y los ecosistemas, y de esta visión surge como parte de un nuevo paradigma el concepto de sistema socioecológico (SS). En este artículo se presenta un análisis de las contribuciones de los académicos mexicanos al análisis de los SS. Primero, revisamos los conceptos básicos de sistemas socioecológicos, resiliencia, vulnerabilidad y servicios ecosistémicos en el contexto de los SS. Segundo, analizamos las aportaciones teórico-conceptuales de los científicos mexicanos a estos temas. Tercero, describimos algunos estudios de caso sobresalientes sobre el análisis integral de SS. Cuarto, exploramos cuantitativamente el aporte de los académicos mexicanos en publicaciones sobre SS, resiliencia y sustentabilidad. Quinto, analizamos los programas educativos de licenciatura y posgrado sobre estos temas en México. Sexto, describimos cómo estos enfoques han permeado en la toma de decisiones. Finalmente, hacemos un análisis de los vacíos del conocimiento, retos y perspectivas, identificando los avances importantes en el tema de SS, resiliencia y vulnerabilidad en el país. Consideramos fundamental entender los retos relacionados con la estabilidad de los sistemas, la certidumbre científica y la existencia de expertos tomadores de decisiones así como el desarrollo de SS más resilientes y menos vulnerables.

Resumen en inglés

There is a growing understanding of the strong interdependence between societies and ecosystems, and from this vision the concept of socialecological system (SS) arises, as part of a new paradigm. This article presents an analysis of the contributions of Mexican scholars to the analysis of SS. First, we review the basic concepts of socioecological systems, resilience, vulnerability and ecosystem services in the context of SS. Second, we analyze the theoretical-conceptual contributions of Mexican scientists to these issues. Third, we describe some outstanding case studies of the SS integrative perspective. Fourth, we quantitatively explore the contribution of Mexican scholars in publications on SS, resilience and sustainability. Fifth, we assess the undergraduate and postgraduate educational programs on these topics in Mexico. Sixth, we describe how these approaches have permeated decision-making. Finally, we analyze knowledge gaps, challenges and perspectives, identifying the important advances in SS, resilience and vulnerability in the country. We consider critical to understand the challenges related to the stability of the systems, the scientific certainty and the existence of expert decision makers as well as the development of more resilient and less vulnerable SS.


5.
Libro
Resilience and the cultural landscape: understanding and managing change in human-shaped environments / editors by: Tobias Plieninger and Claudia Bieling
Plieninger, Tobias (ed.) ; Bieling, Claudia (coed.) ;
Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press , 2012
Clasificación: 304.2 / R45
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010019230 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice

List of contributors
Preface
Part I: Conceptualising landscapes as social–ecological systems
1 Connecting cultural landscapes to resilience
2 Landscapes as integrating frameworks for human, environmental and policy processes
3 From cultural landscapes to resilient social–ecological systems: transformation of a classical paradigm or a novel approach?
4 Conceptualising the human in cultural landscapes and resilience thinking
5 System or arena? Conceptual concerns around the analysis of landscape dynamics
6 Resilience thinking versus political ecology: understanding the dynamics of small-scale, labour-intensive farming landscapes
Part II: Analysing landscape resilience
7 In search of resilient behaviour: using the driving forces framework to study cultural landscapes
8 Cultural landscapes as complex adaptive systems: the cases of northern Spain and northern Argentina
9 Linking path dependency and resilience for the analysis of landscape development
10 The sugar-cane landscape of the Caribbean islands: resilience, adaptation and transformation of the plantation social–ecological system
11 Offshore wind farming on Germany’s North Sea coast: tracing regime shifts across scales
Part III: Managing landscapes for resilience
12 Collective efforts to manage cultural landscapes for resilience
13 Response strategy assessment: a tool for evaluating resilience for the management of social–ecological systems
14 Ecosystem services and social–ecological resilience in transhumance cultural landscapes: learning from the past, looking for a future
15 The role of homegardens in strengthening social–ecological resilience: case studies from Cuba and Austria
16 Promises and pitfalls of adaptive management in resilience thinking: the lens of political ecology
Part IV: Perspectives for resilient landscapes

17 A heterarchy of knowledge: tools for the study of landscape histories and futures
18 Towards a deeper understanding of the social in resilience: the contributions of cultural landscapes
19 Resilience and cultural landscapes: opportunities, relevance and ways ahead
Index