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47 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis
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1.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Does Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) affect the survival and fecundity of the parasitoid Coptera haywardi (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae)?
Martínez Barrera, Olga Yaneth (autora) ; Toledo, Jorge (autor) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (autor) ; Gómez Ruiz, Jaime (autor) ; Valle Mora, Javier Francisco (autor) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (autor) ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (autor) ;
Contenido en: Environmental Entomology Vol. 48, no. 1 (February 2019), p. 156–162 ISSN: 0046-225X
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en español

Se estudió bajo condiciones de laboratorio el efecto del hongo entomopatógeno Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin sobre el desarrollo de estados inmaduros, supervivencia y fecundidad de los adultos de Coptera haywardi (Oglobin). El hongo se aplicó como conidio seco sobre pupas de Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) parasitadas y en adultos de dos grupos de edad (1–4 d y 5–10 d). El hongo no ocasionó efectos negativos en el desarrollo de los estados inmaduros, dado que en la emergencia de adultos no hubo diferencias con el testigo. Ambos sexos y grupos de edades de los adultos fueron susceptibles al hongo. Los machos tuvieron una vida más corta que las hembras incluso en los individuos no tratados. La infección del hongo incrementó la mortalidad, pero no hubo efecto sobre la fecundidad durante los primeros 18 días de vida adulta, ya que la fecundidad neta fue de 26.7 y 26.3 parasitoides por hembra tratada y no tratada, respectivamente. Nuestros resultados sugieren que dada la baja susceptibilidad de la pupa parasitada y el no efecto sobre la fecundidad neta durante los primeros 18 días de vida adulta, es posible desarrollar estrategias de manejo usando estos dos enemigos naturales en el control biológico de A. obliqua.

Resumen en inglés

The effect of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin on the development of immature stages, and survival and fecundity of Coptera haywardi (Oglobin) adults was studied under laboratory conditions. The fungus was applied as dry conidia on parasitized pupae of Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) and on parasitoid adults of two different age groups (1- to 4-d-old, and 5- to 10-d-old). The fungus caused no negative effects on the development of the immature stages, since there were no differences on the emergence of adults compared with the untreated control. Adults were susceptible to the fungus on both sexes and age groups. Males showed shorter lifespan than females, even in untreated individuals. Despite the increased adult mortality produced by the fungus there was no effect on fecundity during first 18 d of adult life, as the net fecundity was 26.7 and 26.3 parasitoids per female treated and untreated, respectively. Our results suggest that, given the low susceptibility of parasitized pupae and the no effect on fecundity during the first 18 d of adult life, it is possible to develop management strategies using these two natural enemies in the biological control against A. obliqua.


2.
Tesis - Doctorado
Resumen en español

La regulación de la población de una plaga se beneficia por la diversidad de sus enemigos naturales y el tipo de interacción intragremial que ocurra entre ellos. Se propuso conocer el tipo de interacción de Beauveria bassiana (Bb) y Coptera haywardi (Ch) que permita desarrollar una estrategia para la supresión de la mosca de la fruta Anastrepha obliqua (Ao). En laboratorio se determinó el efecto de Bb sobre el desarrollo, supervivencia y fecundidad de Ch, y se caracterizó la discriminación de Ch hacia pupas de Ao tratadas y no tratadas con Bb. En condiciones de campo semi-protegidas, se evaluó la interacción entre Ch y Bb cuando se usan secuencialmente para la supresión de A. obliqua. En laboratorio se inició con la aplicación de Bb en conidio seco sobre pupas de Ao parasitadas y en adultos de Ch de dos edades (1-4 d y 5-10 d). Bb no afectó el desarrollo de los estados inmaduros; en adultos, los machos fueron los más susceptibles, pero en las hembras, no afectó su fecundidad. La discriminación de Ch se caracterizó cuando a una hembra de Ch se expusieron 10 pupas de Ao sin tratar y tratadas con Bb en diferentes tiempos previos a la prueba y en tres diferentes opciones de elección, para observar su capacidad de discriminar pupas tratadas de las no tratadas. La interacción de Ch y Bb fue evaluada usando secuencialmente cada enemigo natural, se analizó mediante una tabla de vida de decremento múltiple que determinó que la mortalidad causada por Ch y Bb fue similar cuando sólo se liberó Ch. Se evidenció una interacción neutra, no sinérgica, ni aditiva, ni antagónica, ya que la presencia de Bb no afectó el control de Ch sobre Ao. Con ajustes en sus tiempos de aplicación y modos de uso, ambos agentes de biocontrol podrían usarse en campo.

Índice

Resumen
Introducción
Objetivos
Capítulo 1
Does Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) affect the survival and fecundity of the parasitoid Coptera haywardi (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae)?
Capítulo 2
Discriminación de Coptera haywardi (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) hacia pupas de Anastrepha obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae) tratadas con Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae)
Capítulo 3
Interaction between Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) and Coptera haywardi (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) for the management of Anastrepha obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Capítulo 4
Discusión general y conclusiones
Referencias
Anexos


3.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Suppression of Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) populations in coffee in the Mexico–Guatemala border region through the augmentative releases of Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (autor) ; Ruiz, Lía (coaut.) ; López, Elmer (autor) ; Aguilar, Emilio (autor) ; Gálvez, César (autor) ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (autor) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (autor) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Biocontrol Science and Technology Vol. 29, no. 8 (August 2019), p. 822-826 ISSN: 1360-0478
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

In Guatemalan coffee plantations, Ceratitis capitata populations were suppressed by the application of augmentative releases of parasitoids. These releases significantly increased parasitism of this fruit fly over paired no-release control areas. Integrated management plus biological control presented a significant reduction in the pest population. These results support the application of biological control in C. capitata management.


4.
Capítulo de libro
PDF
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Background: Each natural enemy exerts different control effect on the pest populations, therefore it is estimate that if two or more natural enemies are combined, can increase the mortality of the pest, where the interactions may be synergistic, additive or antagonistic. Several studies showed that both the parasitoid Coptera haywardi (Ch) and the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Bb) have favorable attributes for the control of fruit flies at the pupa and adult stages, respectively. Based on the last, and with the goal of developing better biological control strategies, the interaction of B. bassiana and C. haywardi was evaluated for the management of A. obliqua. Methods: Initially under laboratory conditions the effect of the application of the fungus (dry conidia and spray) was evaluated from the moment the larva entry to soil. Subsequently, under semi-controlled conditions, using Plexiglas cages (30cm3) as experimental units, we evaluated the mortality of A. obliqua when the two natural enemies were integrated, comparing with the mortality in the untreated control and when only one natural enemy was used (parasitoid or fungus).

Results: The application of the fungus to the soil by dry conidia, under laboratory conditions, caused a 40% mortality in A. obliqua adults. In semi-controlled conditions, the application of the fungus to the soil did not affect the emergence of the flies, and adult mortality was 7.7% when Ch and Bb were used, compared to 21.2% when only Bb was applied. The parasitism percentage of Ch was not affect when it was applied together with Bb (68.6%) comparison when acting in solitaire (68.4%). Parasitoids mortality caused for Bb did not exceed 8%. The analysis of data with multiple decrements lifetable, showed that the use of the two natural enemies caused a death fraction in the fly of 0.88. However, this did not exceed the fraction of death caused when the parasitoid was released alone (0.89). When only the fungus was applied to the soil, the mortality fraction was 0.23. Conclusions: The interaction of these two natural enemies did not present synergistic or additive effects, but neither was it antagonistic, since Bb does not affect the action of Ch. Nevertheless, it is recommend to test this interactions under field conditions to corroborate these findings.


5.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Effect of Diachasmimorpha longicaudata releases on the native parasitoid guild attacking Anastrepha spp. larvae in disturbed zones of Chiapas, Mexico
Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús ; López Romo, Silvia María Patricia (coaut.) ; Cruz Bustos, Jassmin (coaut.) ; López, Florida (coaut.) ; Cadena Gaitán, Carlos (coaut.) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (coaut.) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: BioControl Vol. 62, no. 5 (October 2017), p. 581–593 ISSN: 1386-6141
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We evaluated the effect of augmentative releases of Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead), on the native parasitoid guild of Anastrepha spp. over a two year period in zones adjacent to mango commercial orchards in Chiapas, Mexico. We chose two 15 ha working zones, 15 km apart, harbouring fruit fly hosts of varying densities without chemical control. In 2013, parasitoids were released in zone “A” while zone “B” served as control. In 2014 zones were exchanged. As expected, releases of D. longicaudata significantly increased total parasitism, from around 0.5–5% to over 22%, but annual parasitism by native parasitoids was only significantly affected in zone “A”. The numbers of native parasitoids were higher in zone “A” in both years, and diversity (H′) was not affected by D. longicaudata releases in both zones. Our results suggest that releases of D. longicaudata affect the relative abundance but not the species richness of native parasitoids.


Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

To determine the natural parasitism in fruit fly populations in disturbed areas adjacent to commercial mango orchards in the states of Chiapas and Veracruz, Mexico, we recorded over one year the fruit fly–host associations, fly infestation, and parasitism rates in backyard orchards and patches of native vegetation. We also investigated the relationship between fruit size, level of larval infestation, and percent of parasitism, and attempted to determine the presence of superparasitism. The most recurrent species in trap catches was Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart), followed by Anastrepha ludens (Loew), in both study zones. The fruit infestation rates were higher in Chiapas than in Veracruz, with A. obliqua again being the most conspicuous species emerging from collected fruits. The diversity of parasitoids species attacking fruit fly larvae was greater in Chiapas, with a predominance of Doryctobracon areolatus (Sze´ pligeti) in both sites, although the exotic Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) was well established in Chiapas. Fruit size was positively correlated with the number of larvae per fruit, but this relationship was not observed in the level of parasitism. The number of oviposition scars was not related to the number of immature parasitoids inside the pupa of D. areolatus emerging from plum fruits. Mass releases of Di. longicaudata seem not to affect the presence or prevalence of the native species. Our findings open new research scenarios on the role and impact of native parasitoid species attacking Anastrepha flies that can contribute to the development of sound strategies for using these species in projects for augmentative biological control.


7.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Female pupae of the genetic sexing strain Tap-7 of Anastrepha ludens as hosts of Coptera haywardi
López Arriaga, Florida ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (coaut.) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (coaut.) ; Toledo, Jorge (coaut.) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: BioControl Vol. 59, no. 2 (April 2014), p. 149-157 ISSN: 1386-6141
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
43977-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
PDF
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Female black pupae from the Anastrepha ludens genetic sexing strain Tapachula-7 were eval- uated as hosts for Coptera haywardi. We studied the host acceptance and the effects of age, irradiation and automated mechanical separation of black pupae on the emergence, survival, fecundity and flight ability of parasitoid C. haywardi adults. Our results indicated that black pupae are viable hosts for C. haywardi. Adult emergence was greater when the exposed pupae were three and five days old. The impact that occurred during mechanical separation reduced emergence by 16 %. The tested irradiation doses (25, 35 and 45 Gy) did not significantly affect adult emergence. No significant differences in longevity, fecundity or flight ability were observed between parasitoids that emerged from the Tapachula-7 black pupae and those that emerged from the standard mass-reared strain.


8.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Parasitism by Coptera haywardi and Diachasmimorpha longicaudata on Anatrepha flies with different fruits under laboratory and field cage conditions
Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (coaut.) ; Barrera, Juan F. (coaut.) ; Aluja Schuneman, Martín (coaut.) (1957-) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: BioControl Vol. 59, no. 3 (June 2014), p. 287-295 ISSN: 1386-6141
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
53748-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Larvae of Anastrepha ludens and A. serpentina that developed in mango and sapodilla fruits, respectively, were exposed to Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and sequentially exposed as pupae to Coptera haywardi (Oglobin) (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae). Sequential exposure to both parasitoid species contributed to a decrease in fruit fly emergence due to higher levels of parasitism, which varied according to fruit type. In creole mango, D. longicaudata represented the highest percentage of parasitism. C. haywardi parasitism was greater in pupae from Ataulfo mangos and sapodilla, where the pulp size and volume may have acted as a refuge, allowing fly larvae to escape and leaving a greater number of unparasitised pupae available to C. haywardi. Similar results were obtained under field cage conditions, but the level of parasitism by C. haywardi was lower, suggesting that its effectiveness has some limitations under natural conditions. Our results suggest that both species can exert complementary parasitism, which represents an alternative worth to investigate under open field conditions.


9.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Field superparasitism by Diachasmimorpha longicaudata attacking Anastrepha spp. larvae on mango fruits
Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús ; Ruiz, Lía C. (coaut.) ; Pérez Lachaud, Gabriela (coaut.) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (coaut.) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Biological Control Vol. 64, no. 2 (February 2013) p. 160-165 ISSN: 1049-9644
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
52655-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The incidence of superparasitism in field populations of Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead), a solitary larval–pupal endoparasitoid, attacking Anastrepha fruit fly species was determined. From 14,550 fruit fly larvae infesting mango fruits in the field, 68.9% (10,038) survived to the pupal stage. Of these pupae, 3780 (37.7%) were parasitized, of which 2075 (54.9%) were superparasitized. The number of oviposition scars per pupa ranged between 1 and 29, although high numbers were rare. The presence of one or two scars per host was frequent, but only 8.6% of pupae had more than three scars. Fruit size was positively related to the level of infestation by Anastrepha spp. and was significantly correlated with the numbers of parasitized and superparasitized pupae by D. longicaudata. The length and width of host pupae were positively related to superparasitism, and superparasitism was positively correlated with a sex ratio biased toward females. Our data show that superparasitism is present in natural populations of D. longicaudata at remarkable rates and confers some advantageous features such as a female-biased sex ratio. These findings favor the election of this species as a viable biocontrol agent for augmentative releases because the favorable proportion of adult females emerging from superparasitized pupa should contribute to better pest control.


10.
Tesis - Doctorado
Atributos de Coptera haywardi (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) como enemigo natural en el control biológico múltiple de moscas de la fruta (Diptera: Tephritidae) / Jorge Luis Cancino Díaz
Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (tutor) ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (asesor) ; Barrera, Juan F. (asesor) ; Aluja Schuneman, Martín (asesor) (1957-) ;
Villahermosa, Tabasco, México : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur , 2012
Clasificación: TE/632.774 / C35
Cerrar
SIBE Campeche
ECO040004884 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030007721 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010016236 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
ECO020012701 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE Villahermosa
ECO050002882 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
PDF
Índice | Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

El endoparasitoide solitario Coptera haywardi (Oglobin) (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) tiene una relación muy específica hacia pupas de moscas del género Anastrepha (Schiner) (Diptera:Tephritidae). Esto le confiere especial atención para emplearlo como un parasitoide complementario en el control biológico de moscas de la fruta. Para lo cual se realizaron cuatro evaluaciones. En la primera se demostró que C. haywardi tiene una alta capacidad de discriminar pupas que previamente fueron parasitadas por el parasitoide de larvas Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ahsmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). En una segunda evaluación se obtuvo que tanto en unidades de oviposición aritificiales, como en diferentes frutos en condiciones de laboratorio y campo, el parasitismo de ambas especies incrementó la mortalidad de larvas. El mayor volumen de pulpa de los frutos sirvió a las larvas de Anastrepha spp. como refugio del parasitismo de D. longicaudata, lo que permitió que en estado de pupa la acción de C. haywardi fuera más evidente. En la tercera evaluación se tomaron los datos de la exposición secuencial de ambos parasitoides para conocer su efecto como factores de mortalidad en poblaciones de moscas. Se construyó una tabla de vida de decremento múltiple, para comprobar que la mortalidad que infringen las dos especies de parasitoides es mayor que la ocasionada por la acción de una sola especie.

Finalmente en un estudio demográfico se encontró que C. haywardi tiene una tasa intrínseca de incremento negativa por debajo de lo 500 msnm, lo cual limita su acción a las condiciones ambientales características de altura superiores (menos cálidos y más húmedos), por su parte D. longicaudata tiene una rango acción efectiva más amplio. Bajo condiciones adecuadas, C. haywardi tiene un período de supervivencia promedio de 10 días que puede ser clave para dispersarse distancias cercanas a los 100 m. Con base a los resultados se sugiere realizar liberaciones de múltiples especies de parasitoides para un control biológico de moscas de la fruta más eficiente.

Índice

Capítulo 1
1.1. Introducción
1.2. Objetivos
1.2.1 Objetivo general
1.2.2 Objetivos particulares
1.3. Marco teórico
1.3.1. Problemática de las moscas de la fruta
1.3.2. El manejo integrado de plagas y el control biológico de moscas de la fruta
1.3.3. Entre los mitos y la realidad del control biológico de moscas de la fruta
1.3.4. La necesidad de aplicar el control biológico en moscas de la fruta
1.3.5. Optimizar el control biológico
1.3.6. El dilema del control biológico múltiple
1.3.7. El nicho ecológico y la competitividad
1.3.8. La exclusión y los beneficios de la coexistencia
1.3.9. La discriminación de hospederos y su importancia en la coexistencia de parasitoides
1.3.10. La coexistencia como base del control biológico múltiple
1.3.11. El control biológico múltiple como factor de mortalidad
1.3.12. Los atributos de los parasitoides y la definición de una estrategia
Capítulo 2
Discriminación de Coptera haywardi (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) de hospederos previamente atacados por el parasitoide de larvas Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
2.1. Introducción
2.2. Materiales y métodos
2.2.1. Arena de observación y colecta de datos de comportamiento
2.2.2. Discriminación de pupa parasitada
2.2.3. Discriminación de pupa superparasitada
2.2.4. Discriminación de acuerdo a la edad de la hembra
2.2.5. Disección de pupas y emergencia
2.2.6. Análisis de datos
2.3. Resultados
2.3.1. Discriminación de pupa parasitada
2.3.2. Discriminación de pupa superparasitada
2.3.3. Discriminación de acuerdo a la edad de la hembras
2.3.4. Disección de pupas y emergencia
2.4. Discusión

Capítulo 3
Parasitismo complementario de Coptera haywardi (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae y Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) para el control biológico de moscas de la fruta
3.1. Introducción
3.2. Materiales y métodos
3.2.1. Condiciones experimentales
3.2.2. Exposición de hospederos a parasitoides
3.2.3. Parasitismo en unidades artificiales
3.2.4. Parasitismo en frutos
3.2.5. Parasitismo en frutos en jaulas de campo
3.2.6. Análisis estadístico
3.3. Resultados
3.3.1. Parasitismo en unidades artificiales
3.3.2. Parasitismo en frutos
3.3.3. Parasitismo en jaulas de campo
3.4. Discusión
Capítulo 4
Tabla de vida de decremento múltiple: Análisis de la mortalidad de moscas del género Anastrepha causadas por dos especies de parasitoides
4.1. Introducción
4.2. Materiales y métodos
4.2.1. Material biológico
4.2.2. Infestación de frutas
4.2.3. Mantenimiento de las frutas infestadas y pupas
4.2.4. Tratamientos
4.2.5. Exposición a parasitoides
4.2.6. Muestreos para contabilizar mortalidad
4.2.7. Análisis de datos
4.3. Resultados
4.4. Discusión
Capítulo 5
Supervivencia, fecundidad y dispersión de Diachasmimorpha longicaudata y Coptera haywardi en un gradiente altitudinal
5.1. Introducción
5.2. Materiales y métodos
5.2.1. Área de estudio
5.2.2. Supervivencia y fecundidad
5.2.3. Evaluaciones de dispersión
5.3. Resultados
5.3.1. Supervivencia y fecundidad
5.3.2. Dispersión
5.4. Discusión
Capítulo 6
6.1. Discusión general
Literatura Citada


11.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Coptera haywardi (Oglobin) is an endoparasitoid of fruit fly pupae that could find itself in competition with other parasitoids, both con- and heterospecific, already resident inside hosts. In choice bioassays, ovipositing C. haywardi females strongly discriminated against conspecifically parasitised Anastrepha ludens (Loew) pupal hosts. They also avoided pupae previously attacked by Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead), a larval–prepupal koinobiont endoparasitoid, and the degree of larval-parasitoid superparasitism had no effect on this avoidance. There was no difference in the number of ovipositor insertions when hosts previously parasitised by a conspecific and D. longicaudata were exposed simultaneously. As females aged the degree of host discrimination declined. An ability to discriminate against pupae previously attacked as larvae suggests low levels of both conspecific and heterospecific competition in the field.


12.
Artículo
Host discrimination and superparasitism in wild and mass-reared Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hym.: Braconidae) females
González, Patricia I. ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (coaut.) ; Pérez Lachaud, Gabriela (coaut.) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (coaut.) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Biocontrol Science and Technology Vol. 20, no. 2 (2010), p. 137-148 ISSN: 0958-3157
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We compared the oviposition behavior and host discrimination ability of wild and mass-reared Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) females parasitizing Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae) larvae. Both kinds of parasitoid females were presented simultaneously with parasitized and non-parasitized larvae in choice tests, and their superparasitism performance was evaluated under a mass-rearing situation. At the time of the test, D. longicaudata had 156 generations under mass-rearing conditions. Our goal was to determine the effect of the mass-rearing process on the foraging decisions of this species. One of the primary findings was the apparent ubiquity of superparasitism by D. longicaudata females. Both types of females showed similar patterns in each of the phases of oviposition behavior evaluated. The only notable differences were among the percentages of transition between behaviors, mainly related to the intensity with which each activity was performed. Under a mass-rearing situation, both strains of females had a similar tendency to increase superparasitism (i.e., number of oviposition scars per puparium and the proportion of superparasitized larvae) over time. The mass-rearing process appears to have induced the selection of more aggressive, fertile and precocious females. Despite these observations, we concluded that the process of adaptation to mass-rearing conditions has not substantially influenced the foraging and ovipositional behaviors in this species.


13.
- Artículo con arbitraje
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Host size, superparasitism and sex ratio in mass-reared Diachasmimorpha longicaudata, a fruit fly parasitoid
Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (coaut.) ; Pérez Lachaud, Gabriela (coaut.) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: BioControl Vol. 56, no. 1 (February 2011), p. 11-17 ISSN: 1386-6141
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
36960-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We analyzed the relationship among host size, superparasitism and sex-ratio in mass reared Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Individual host pupae of Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae) were measured (length and width), and the number of oviposition scars per pupa was used as a reliable indicator of superparasitism. The probability of an emerging parasitoid being a female was positively associated with the number of oviposition scars on the host cuticle, but not with the host size. The number of scars per host pupae from which females emerged was slightly but significantly higher than in those pupae giving raise to males. In D. longicaudata, the influence of host size on sex allocation decisions of individual females seems to be overridden by the level of superparasitism, which itself was positively correlated with pupa length. This suggests that larger pupae could experience a higher number of ovipositions than their smaller counterparts, and that a high level of superparasitism may conduct to a female biased sex ratio. We discuss the relevance of these findings which could provide new elements (e.g., the manipulation of superparasitism) for optimizing the mass rearing of this parasitoid.


14.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Is host size an indicator of quality in the mass-reared parasitoid Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera, Braconidae)?
López, Olga P. ; Hénaut, Yann (coaut.) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (coaut.) ; Lambin, M. (coaut.) ; Cruz López, Leopoldo Caridad (coaut.) ; Rojas, Julio C. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Florida Entomologist Vol. 92, no. 3 (September, 2009), p. 441-449 ISSN: 0015-4040
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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) es un endoparasitoide de las moscas de la fruta usado como un agente de control de varias especies de Anastrepha en México. Durante la producción masiva de D. longicaudata diferentes tamaños de individuos son producidos dependiendo del tamaño del hospedero. Este trabajo investigó si el tamaño del hospedero influye sobre los parámetros biológicos y comportamentales de los parasitoides emergidos. Tres diferentes tamaños de hospederos (pequeños, medianos y grandes) fueron usados para los experimentos. El tamaño del hospedero afectó significativamente el número de parasitoides emergidos debido a que un mayor número de individuos emergió de las pupas de tamaño medio en comparación con aquellos emergidos de las pupas de tamaño pequeño y grande. La proporción de hembras/machos no fue significativamente diferente en los tres grupos. El tamaño del hospedero influyó en la esperanza de vida de los parasitoides hembras y machos sin alimento, ya que los parasitoides grandes vivieron más tiempo.

En contraste, el tamaño del hospedero no afectó la esperanza de vida de los parasitoides a los cuales se les proporcionó alimento ad libitum. El tamaño del hospedero influyó en la fecundidad de las hembras emergidas, las hembras provenientes de hospederos medianos y grandes fueron más fecundas. El tamaño del hospedero no tuvo relación con los parámetros comportamentales de los parasitoides emergidos, excepto el tiempo de aterrizaje sobre el hospedero. Las hembras provenientes de hospederas grandes tardaron menos tiempo en aterrizar en comparación con las hembras provenientes de hospederas pequeñas. El tamaño del hospedero no afectó los diferentes índices de trayectoria evaluados, excepto la velocidad promedio de caminar de D. longicaudata, las hembras provenientes de hospederos grandes mostraron un incremento en su velocidad de caminar en comparación con las hembras provenientes de hospederos chicos y medianos.

Resumen en inglés

Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) is an endoparasitoid of fruit flies reared for augmentative biological control of several species of Anastrepha in Mexico. During the production of D. longicaudata different sizes of parasitoids are produced depending on the host size. Here, we investigated whether host size influences the biological and behavioral parameters of the wasp that emerged under laboratory conditions. Three different sizes of host (small, medium, and large) were used for the experiments. Host size significantly affected the number of parasitoids emerged as greater number of parasitoids emerged from medium size hosts compared to small and large hosts. The ratio of females to males did not differ among the groups. Host body size influenced life expectancy of parasitoid females and males deprived of food, and parasitoids that emerged from large hosts lived longer. In contrast, host body size did not significantly influence the life expectancy of parasitoid females and males provided with food ad libitum. Host body size also affected gross and net fecundity of emerged parasitoids; females that emerged from medium and large host larvae were more fecund. Host size did not affect most of the behavioral parameters evaluated, except the time of landing on source. Females that emerged from large host larvae spent less time before landing on a host source than females from the smaller hosts. Host body size did not affect the different trajectory indices evaluated, except the mean walking speed of D. longicaudata. Females developed in large hosts showed an increase walking speed compared to females from medium and small hosts.


15.
Artículo
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We studied the oviposition performance of Fopius arisanus (Sonan) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) attacking eggs of four fruit flies of the genus Anastrepha Schiner (Diptera: Tephritidae) under laboratory conditions. The complete process of oviposition on an individual egg of Anastrepha ludens (Loew) lasts in average 85.4 ± 2.9 s, including a tremor (25.8 ± 1.03 s) observed in the middle of this process related to the egg’s descent. The average parasitism of A. ludens egg was 60.9 ± 7.5%, with only 1.2% of superparasitized eggs. During individual acts of oviposition, we noted that F. arisanus possesses a highly flexible ovipositor that curves easily as it searches for additional suitable eggs, which may be of particular benefit when a female finds large clutches of eggs. The individual oviposition of F. arisanus in host fruits attacked by Anastrepha spp. varies with the egg clutch size of each fruit fly species: A. serpentina laid the biggest egg clutches (21.3 ± 1.4), followed by A. ludens (14.2 ± 0.9), and A. striata (1.0 ± 0.0) (=A. obliqua). The time spent by F. arisanus in individual ovipositions was parallel to these findings, reinforcing the idea that F. arisanus attacks several eggs in each individual insertion of its ovipositor. Neither formal oviposition acts, nor adult emergences of F. arisanus were registered in A. obliqua. We discuss the potential of F. arisanus as natural enemy of fruit flies of the genus Anastrepha, and explore the eventual developing of its mass rearing.


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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Experiments were performed to determine the likely compatibility of spinosad-based GF-120 applications and mass-releases of the braconid parasitoid Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) for control of tephritid fruit flies. Severe effects on D. longicaudata survival and reproduction in the laboratory contrasted with mild effects in semi-field studies. Topical application and contact with dried residues on plastic surfaces in the laboratory generally resulted in high mortality of wasps and significantly reduced survival times compared to controls. Survival times of both sexes were more severely affected when exposure to dried residues on mango leaves compared to wasps that were offered GF-120 mixed with honey.

Brief (24 h) exposure to GF-120 in honey or dried residues on mango leaves did not affect total progeny production by wasps, whereas continuous exposure over a 10 d period resulted in reductions in female survival, progeny production and net fecundity (PLxMx) compared to honey-fed controls. During the rainy season, wasp survival times in field cages with young mango trees that had been sprayed with GF-120 or treated with GF-120 mixed with honey were only reduced by 1 or 2 days, respectively, compared to average 10.1 d survival of honey-fed controls. During the dry season, wasp mortality was not significantly affected by exposure to GF-120 residues on mango leaves that had been subjected to natural weathering in the field, compared to controls. Our results suggest that applications of GF-120 are unlikely to adversely influence the effectiveness of mass-releases of D. longicaudata. This prediction requires validation from comparative field studies on parasitoid populations in treated and untreated areas. 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


17.
Libro
Entomología mexicana, vol. 6 / editores: Edith G. Estrada Venegas, Armando Equihua Martínez, Cándido Luna León, José Luís Rosas Acevedo
Estrada Venegas, Edith G. (editora) ; Equihua Martínez, Armando (editor) ; Luna León, Cándido (editor) ; Rosas Acevedo, José Luís (editor) ;
Texcoco, Estado de México, México : Sociedad Mexicana de Entomología :: Colegio de Postgraduados , 2007
Clasificación: 595.7 / C6/2007
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal , Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010010097 (Disponible) , ECO010010096 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 2
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SIBE Tapachula
ECO020012506 (Disponible) , ECO020012511 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 2

18.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Superparasitism in mass reared Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasitoid of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)
González, Patricia I. (autora) ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (autor) ; Pérez Lachaud, Gabriela (autora) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (autor) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (autor) ;
Contenido en: Biological Control Vol. 40, no. 3 (March, 2007), p. 320-326 ISSN: 1049-9644
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
43197-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-Tapachula
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Superparasitism frequency and its effects on the quality of mass-reared Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) parasitoids were investigated under laboratory conditions. Percentage of adult emergence, sex ratio, survival, fecundity and flight ability of adult parasitoids that emerged from Anastrepha ludens (Loew) pupae with different levels of superparasitism were determined. A high prevalence of superparasitism was observed. The number of scars per pupa, produced by insertion of the parasitoid ovipositor, ranged from 1 to 30, with an average (±SD) of 8.3 ± 6.2. Adult parasitoid emergence decreased as the level of superparasitism increased. However, the fraction of females rose with increasing superparasitism and the flight ability was lower in adults emerging from pupae with only one scar, compared with adults emerging from superparasitized hosts. Female longevity and fecundity were not affected by superparasitism. Our results support the hypothesis that superparasitism in D. longicaudata might be adaptive, since adults emerging from hosts with moderate levels of superparasitism showed the highest percentage of emergence and there were no significant differences in the other quality control parameters tested. Our findings are relevant to the mass rearing process, where the ratio of hosts to parasitoids can be optimized as well as the distribution of eggs deposited in host larvae. This contributes to efficient mass rearing methods for augmentative biological control programs.


19.
Libro
Control de calidad en la cría masiva de Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: braconidae): fundamentos y procedimientos / Jorge Cancino, Patricia López, ...[et al.]
Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis ; López, Patricia (coaut.) ; Villalobos, Pablo L. (coaut.) ; Hipólito, Paula (coaut.) ; Quintero Fong, José Luis (coaut.) ;
Distrito Federal, México : Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación. Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria , 2006
Clasificación: CH/632.774097275 / C6
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SIBE Campeche
ECO040003023 (Disponible)
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SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010007157 (Disponible)
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SIBE Tapachula
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ECO050002961 (Disponible)
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20.
Tesis - Maestría
Superparasitismo en cría masiva de Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: braconidae), parasitoide de moscas de la fruta (Diptera: tephritidae) / Patricia Isabel González Bravo
González Bravo, Patricia Isabel ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (tutor) ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (asesor) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (asesor) ;
Tapachula, Chiapas, México : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur , 2006
Clasificación: TE/632.774 / G65
Cerrar
SIBE Campeche
ECO040002737 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
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SIBE Chetumal
ECO030004216 (Disponible)
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SIBE San Cristóbal
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Resumen en español

El superparasitismo de Diachasmimorpha Iongicaudata (Ashmead), en larvas de Anastrepha ludens (Loew) y su efecto sobre la calidad del parasitoide obtenido fue determinado bajo condiciones de laboratorio en este trabajo. Los parasitoides adultos fueron evaluados de forma individual en los parámetros de emergencia y proporción sexual, supervivencia y fecundidad, mientras que para evaluar habilidad de vuelo se fijaron rango de número de cicatrices de acuerdo a su probabilidad de encuentro en cría masiva. La cría masiva presentó altos niveles de superparasitismo, encontrando desde 1 hasta 30 cicatrices de oviposición en el hospedero. La emergencia de parasitoides adultos se vio afectada significativamente en relación al número de cicatrices de oviposición presentes en el hospedero del cual provenía. La relación sexual de los adultos emergidos estuvo basada en hembras, siendo mucho mayor en pupas con un alto número de cicatrices de oviposición, mientras que en pupas con una sola cicatriz ésta estuvo basada en machos. La longevidad bajo dos condiciones (con alimento y sin alimento) y la fecundidad no se vio afectada en los adultos que provinieron de pupas con diferente número de cicatrices de oviposición. La habilidad de vuelo se vio afectada significativamente en los adultos provenientes de hospederos con una sola cicatriz de oviposición. En contraste los adultos provenientes de pupas de 2 ó más número de cicatrices de oviposición no presentaron diferencias significativas, siendo buenos voladores. Nosotros discutimos y evaluamos si el superparasitismo de D. Iongicaudata, endoparasitoide solitario es adaptativo, favoreciendo los parámetros biológicos del adulto emergido.


21.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal, SIBE-Tapachula
Análisis demográfico de Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (rondani, 1875) (Hymenoptera: pteromalidae) empleando como hospedero pupas de Anastrepha ludens (loew, 1873) (Diptera: tephritidae)
Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis ; De la Torre, Salvador (coaut.) ; Liedo Fernández, Pablo (coaut.) ;
Clasificación: AR/632.774097275 / C3
Contenido en: Folia Entomológica Mexicana Vol. 43, no. 1 (abril 2004), p. 67-78 ISSN: 0430-8603
Bibliotecas: Campeche , San Cristóbal , Tapachula
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SIBE Campeche
ECO040003773 (Disponible)
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SIBE San Cristóbal
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Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal, SIBE-Tapachula
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae is a pupal parasitoid of Diptera. Its potential as a biological control agent of fruit flies has been discussed. We present results of a demographic analysis for this species using Anastrepha ludens pupae of different ages as hosts. Adult parasitoid emergence was higher during the 5 to 8 day pupal age range, but was observed at all ages. We found that the greatest life expectancy values were obtained when the parasitoids had access to honey, producing an average lifespan of 26.02 days. Host availability (A. ludens pupa) resulted in a very effective feeding system, because the survival and fecundity of females with and without food and water were very similar when parasitoids had host available. Reproductive parameters were higher as host availability was increased, from 1 to 15 pupae per female per day, with a maximum value of 14.25 offspring/female/day. These results contribute to analyses of this parasitoid as a biological control agent of fruit flies and to mass rearing of this species.


22.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Desirable attributes of mass reared parasitoids for fruit fly control: a comment
Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis ; Montoya Gerardo, Pablo Jesús (coaut.) ;
Clasificación: AR/632.774 / C35
Contenido en: No. 11 (2004), p. 53-58 ISSN: 1405-0420
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
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SIBE San Cristóbal
42474-10 (Disponible)
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Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal

23.
Capítulo de libro - Memoria en extenso
*Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Evaluación del empaque y liberación de parasitoides Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: braconidae) por medio de la técnica del adulto frío
Ruiz, Lía (autora) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (autor) ; Verdugo, J. (coaut.) ; Gómez, E. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Memorias XXVII congreso nacional de control biológico / editores: Edgardo Cortez Mondaca, Guadalupe Vejar Cota, ...[et al.] Los Mochis, Sinaloa, México : Sociedad Mexicana de Control Biológico : Fundación Produce Sinaloa, 2004 p. 399-402 ISBN:970-270-415-4
Bibliotecas: Tapachula
Cerrar
SIBE Tapachula
51879-20 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a

24.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Efecto de la ciromacina en larvas de tercer estadio de Anastrepha ludens (Loew) (Diptera: tephritidae) usadas en la cría del parasitoide Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: braconidae)
López, Olga P. (autora) ; Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis (autor) ; Gómez, Yeudiel (autor) ;
Clasificación: AR/632.774 / L6
Contenido en: Artículo Científico No. 9 (2003), p. 3-12 ISSN: 1405-0420
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
42477-10 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal

25.
Artículo
*En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
Marcaje de Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: braconidae) útil para evaluaciones en campo y laboratorio
Cancino Díaz, Jorge Luis ; Ortiz, S. (coaut.) ;
Clasificación: AR/632.774 / C33
Contenido en: Vedalia No. 9-10 (2003), p. 31-34 ISSN: 1405-0420
Nota: En hemeroteca, SIBE-San Cristóbal
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