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115 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Ferguson, Bruce G
11.
Artículo
Huertos escolares como espacios para el cultivo de relaciones
Armienta Moreno, Daniel Eduardo (autor) ; Keck, Charles Stephen (autor) ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Saldívar Moreno, Antonio (autor) ;
Contenido en: Innovación Educativa Vol. 19, no. 80 (mayo-agosto 2019), p. 161–178 ISSN: 1665-2673
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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Esta investigación examina el huerto escolar como un espacio que ayuda a fomentar las relaciones escolares. De manera particular, se analizan las buenas prácticas relacionales y sinérgicas reportadas por docentes que participaron en su establecimiento en Chiapas, a partir de la formación que recibieron de LabVida, así como las dificultades y limitantes que enfrentaron. En los huertos escolares se trabajan históricamente temas que incluyen alimentación y nutrición, ciencias, ecología, el cuidado del ambiente y agroecología, de ahí su importancia en el ámbito educativo. Asimismo, se estudian las estrategias de los docentes para crear mecanismos de vinculación con las familias, con otros docentes y directivos, al igual que con actores externos a la escuela, para establecer y dar continuidad a los huertos. Se concluye que, pese a las dificultades para su operación y seguimiento, representan un campo de oportunidad para construir espacios de encuentro y colaboración entre los docentes y estudiantes, y con otros actores internos y externos; aunque también se reconoce que mucho de su potencial se dificulta por diferentes factores estructurales y laborales de la docencia. Estos factores actúan como barreras para el escalamiento de los huertos, dejándolos todavía como una actividad marginal de los docentes que, por diferentes motivaciones, mantienen su compromiso de promoverlos en sus escuelas.

Resumen en inglés

This paper analyzes the school garden as a space that helps promote relationships among students. We analyze the good relationship and synergistic practices reported by teachers that participated in the creation of the space in Chiapas, based on the training they received from LabVida, as well as the challenges and limitations they faced. In school gardens certain topics are approached, such as diet and nutrition, sciences, ecology, caring for the environment and agroecology, which is why the gardens are important in educational spaces. Furthermore, we analyze teachers’ strategies to create mechanisms for reaching out to families, other teachers and administrators, as well as figures outside the school, in order to establish and maintain the gardens. The paper concludes that, despite the difficulties implied in their operation and maintenance, school gardens represent a field of opportunity for constructing spaces for meeting and collaboration among teachers and students, as well as other internal and external figures; however, we also recognize that much of their potential is hindered by various structural and work-related factors of teaching. These factors act as boundaries to the growth of the gardens, converting them into marginal activities of teachers that, for different reasons, maintain their commitment to promoting them in schools.


12.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Polycultures, pastures and monocultures: effects of land use intensity on wild bee diversity in tropical landscapes of southeastern Mexico
Vides Borrell, Eric (autor) ; Porter Bolland, Luciana (autora) ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Gasselin, Pierre (autor) ; Vaca Genuit, Raúl Abel (autor) ; Valle Mora, Javier Francisco (autor) ; Vandame, Rémy (autor) ;
Contenido en: Biological Conservation Vol. 236 (August 2019), p. 269-280 ISSN: 0006-3207
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The conservation of pollinator diversity is fundamental to maintaining sustainable agricultural systems and food security. Some agricultural systems support pollinator diversity, while others may lead to their decline. Previous studies have evaluated the impacts of agricultural intensification on pollinators in temperate climates regions, but in tropical regions these impacts have been evaluated by only very few studies. We conducted a study in southeastern Mexico, in order to understand the effects of three agricultural systems on bee diversity in a tropical landscape. We compared 18 sites at two different scales (plot scale and landscape scale). We found a link between agricultural system intensity level at the plot scale and forest proportion at the landscape scale: land use intensity was low at both scales in 7 polycultures, low at plot scale and high at landscape scale in 4 pastures, and high at both scales in 7 monocultures. We collected bees at all sites, and found an overall high bee richness, with a total of 127 species. Bee richness was compared across agricultural systems using diversity accumulation curves with iNEXT package. Both polycultures and pastures had significantly higher richness as monocultures. We constructed bee species guilds according to ecological and life-history traits (i.e. size, sociality and nesting) and found that whatever the trait considered, the species richness in the different agricultural systems was most often affected in the same way than the complete community richness.

Our results show, for the first time in tropical conditions that agricultural systems with low-intensity farming practices and forested landscape allow the preservation of a significantly higher diversity of bees than agricultural systems with high-intensity farming practices and highly deforested landscape. Considering that bee diversity is key to maintaining crop productivity, these findings can help scientists, policy-makers, and community members design policies that support both agricultural production and biodiversity conservation in the tropics.


13.
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Scaling out agroecology from the school garden: the importance of culture, food, and place
Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Morales, H. (autora) ; Chung, Kimberly (autor) ; Nigh Nielsen, Ronald (autor) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 7-8 (2019), p. 724-743 ISSN: 2168-3565
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

We explore potential and limitations for agroecological scaling through formal education, using the LabVida school gardens program in Chiapas, Mexico as a case study. Through LabVida training, educators gained an appreciation of agroecology and learned to apply agroecological practices, although their understanding of agroecological principles and scientific process remained limited. The greatest program impact was on educators’ eating habits, and their perception of the value of local knowledge and its relevance to school work. The case study demonstrates the potential of garden and food-system work to leverage institutional resources in ways that can improve educational outcomes, including agroecological literacy. Increased awareness of agroecology and the value of local knowledge may intersect with other drivers of scaling, including markets, organizational fabric, and policy.


14.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Special issue editorial: what do we mean by agroecological scaling?
Ferguson, Bruce G. (1967-) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (coaut.) ; Giraldo Palacio, Omar Felipe (coaut.) ; Mier y Terán Giménez Cacho, Mateo (coaut.) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ; Rosset, Peter Michael (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 7-8 (Aug. 2019), p. 722-723 ISSN: 2168-3565
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15.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Syndromes of production and tree-cover dynamics of Neotropical grazing land
Valencia Mestre, Mariana C.. autora ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Vandermeer, John (autor) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 4 (2019), p. 362–385 ISSN: 2168-3573
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

This paper provides a conceptual framework for analyzing the dynamics of tree cover transformations in the cattle pastures across the Neotropics. It proposes that tree cover variability across cattle pastures can be envisioned as a set of‘syndromes of production, ’among which transformations may be linear, non-linear, or multivalued. Our framework is informed by a review of the literature from which we define the components that make up tree coverand the socioecological drivers of tree cover in cattle pastures. We propose that the drivers of tree cover are the continuum between two economies: the peasant and the capitalist.


16.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Territorial resilience the third dimension of agroecological scaling: approximations from three peasant experiences in the South of Mexico
Guzmán Luna, Alejandra ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (coaut.) (1967-) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (coaut.) ; Giraldo Palacio, Omar Felipe (coaut.) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 43, no. 7-8 (2019), p. 764-784 ISSN: 2168-3565
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

In this paper we explore the depth dimension of agroecological scaling. Through interviews, focus groups and participant observation, we explore the link between agroecology and the recovery and maintenance of ecosystem functions through three case studies in peasant communities in southern Mexico. These communities have contrasting ecological, social and historical contexts, but all engage in autonomous initiatives for agroecology and nature protection. We found that agroecology deepens when rooted in a cultural matrix of peasant identity, spiritual values, and local institutions.


17.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Agroecological pest management in the city: experiences from California and Chiapas
Morales, H. ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (coaut.) (1967-) ; Marín, Linda E. (coaut.) ; Gutiérrez Navarrete, Dario (coaut.) ; Bichier, Peter (coaut.) ; Philpott, Stacy M. (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Sustainability Vol. 10, no. 6, 2068 (June 2018) ISSN: 2071-1050
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Urban gardens are a prominent part of agricultural systems, providing food security and access within cities; however, we still lack sufficient knowledge and general principles about how to manage pests in urban agroecosystems in distinct regions. We surveyed natural enemies (ladybeetles and parasitoids) and conducted sentinel pest removal experiments to explore local management factors and landscape characteristics that influence the provisioning of pest control services in California, USA, and Chiapas, Mexico. We worked in 29 gardens across the two locations. In each location, we collected data on garden vegetation, floral availability, ground cover management, and the percentage of natural, urban, and agricultural land cover in the surrounding landscape. We sampled ladybeetles, Chalcidoidea, and Ichneumonoidea parasitoids with sticky traps, and monitored the removal of three different pest species. Ladybeetle abundance did not differ between locations; abundance decreased with garden size and with tree cover and increased with herbaceous richness, floral abundance, and barren land cover. Chalcicoidea and Ichneumonoidea parasitoids were more abundant in Chiapas.

Chalcicoidea abundance decreased with herbaceous richness and with urban cover. Ichneumonoidea abundance increased with mulch and bare ground cover, garden size, garden age, and with agriculture land cover but decreased with tree richness and urban cover. Predators removed between 15–100% of sentinel prey within 24 h but prey removal was greater in California. Generally, prey removal increased with vegetation diversity, floral abundance, mulch cover, and urban land cover, but declined with vegetation cover and bare ground. Although some factors had consistent effects on natural enemies and pest control in the two locations, many did not; thus, we still need more comparative work to further develop our understanding of general principles governing conservation biological control in urban settings.


18.
Artículo
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Bringing agroecology to scale: key drivers and emblematic cases
Mier y Terán Giménez Cacho, Mateo (autor) ; Giraldo Palacio, Omar Felipe (autor) ; Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam (autora) ; Morales, H. (autora) ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (autor) (1967-) ; Rosset, Peter Michael (autor) ; Khadse, Ashlesha (autora) ; Campos, Carmen (autora) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Agroecology And Sustainable Food Systems Vol. 42, no. 6 (2018), p. 637–665 ISSN: 2168-3565
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Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Agroecology as a transformative movement has gained momentum in many countries worldwide. In several cases, the implementation of agroecological practices has grown beyond isolated, local experiences to be employed by ever-greater numbers of families and communities over ever-larger territories and to engage more people in the processing, distribution, and consumption of agroecologically produced food. To understand the nonlinear, multidimensional processes that have enabled and impelled the bringing to scale of agroecology, we review and analyze emblematic cases that include the farmer-to-farmermovement in Central America; the national peasant agroecologymovement in Cuba; the organic coffee boom in Chiapas, Mexico; the spread of Zero Budget Natural Farming in Karnataka, India; and the agroecological farmer–consumer marketing network “Rede Ecovida,” in Brazil. On the basis of our analysis, we identify eight key drivers of the process of taking agroecology to scale: (1) recognition of a crisis that motivates the search for alternatives, (2) social organization, (3) constructivist learning processes, (4) effective agroecological practices, (5) mobilizing discourses, (6) external allies, (7) favorable markets, and (8) favorable policies. This initial analysis shows that organization and social fabric are the growth media on which agroecology advances, with the help of the other drivers. A more detailed understanding is needed on how these multiple dimensions interact with, reinforce, and generate positive feedback with each other to make agroecology’s territorial expansion possible.


19.
Tesis - Maestría
Experiencia docente en la implementación de Huertos Escolares (HE) en la región de los Altos de Chiapas, México / Daniel Eduardo Armienta Moreno
Armienta Moreno, Daniel Eduardo (autor) ; Keck, Charles Stephen (directos) ; Ferguson, Bruce G. (asesor) (1967-) ; Saldívar Moreno, Antonio (asesor) ;
San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur , 2018
Clasificación: TE/635.097275 / A7
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010019547 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
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Índice | Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

En los últimos años los HE han resurgido en varios países con diferentes enfoques y objetivos, en su mayoría reaparecen para atender problemas ambientales y de nutrición. A pesar del auge que han tenido los HE, la mayoría de las investigaciones se centran en medir el impacto que los programas tienen en la ingesta de frutas y verduras en los estudiantes, y también en el efecto que tienen sobre el desempeño académico. A falta de estudios que describan las implicaciones que conlleva para el docente implementar el HE se realizó este. La mayoría de los HE son programas de iniciativa propia propuestos por el profesorado con un interés personal. Muchos HE no duran mucho tiempo por diferentes factores como lo es: el esfuerzo que implica coordinar un programa para una sola persona. Se recuperó la experiencia del profesorado en términos de cómo, es decir, a través de que forma, establecieron relaciones con la comunidad escolar, sus motivaciones para hacer HE, las limitantes para la implementación del programa y su opinión sobre la participación en el proyecto de LabVida. Justificar el programa del HE, involucrar a la comunidad escolar y tocar temáticas de nutrición, fueron formas expresadas por los docentes para establecer una relación con los padres y madres del alumnado. Se encontró que es muy difícil involucrar a los docentes y directores de la escuela ajenos al programa del HE por diferentes razones. Los HE son programas complejos que requieren de un gran esfuerzo y compromiso para poder generar un vínculo con la comunidad escolar y recibir apoyo integral. Aún Existen muchas barreras por sobrellevar, sin embargo, el conectarse a la Red Chiapaneca de Huertos Educativos y el proyecto de LabVida ayudará al docente de diferentes maneras para implementar un HE.

Índice

I. Antecedentes o estado del conocimiento
1.1 Crisis y protección ambiental
1.2 Educación ambiental
1.3 Huertos Escolares y Aprendizaje Basado en el Jardín
1.4 Huertos Escolares en México
1.5 Laboratorios para la Vida (LabVida) y la Red Internacional de Huertos Educativos (RIHE)
1.6 Experiencia docente
II. Justificación
III. Pregunta de Investigación
IV. Hipótesis
V. Objetivos
VI. Métodos y metodología
6.1 Recolección de datos, categorización y análisis de datos
VII. Hallazgos
7.1 Factores benéficos en la implementación del HE
7.2 Técnicas y formas de acercamiento
7.3 Motivación, la cosecha de las buenas prácticas
7.4 Factores limitantes en la implementación del HE
7.5 Experiencia formativa de LabVida
VIII. Discusiones
IX. Conclusiones
X. Bibliografía
XI. Anexo 1(Formato de Entrevista)
XII. Anexo 2 (Documento de Consentimiento Informado)
XIII. Anexo 3 (Artículo extraído de la tesis)


20.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Masificación de la agroecología desde el huerto escolar
Ferguson, Bruce G. (1967-) ; Morales, H. (coaut.) ; Nigh Nielsen, Ronald (coaut.) ; Chung, Kim (coaut.) ; Gliessman, Steve (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Cadernos de Agroecologia Vol. 13, no. 1 (jul. 2018), p. 1-6 ISSN: 2236-7934
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Resumen en: Español | Inglés |
Resumen en español

Una prioridad de la agroecología es identificar y fortalecer estrategias para su masificación. Un reto fundamental en estos procesos es la comunicación y enseñanza de la complejidad del manejo agroecológico. Nuestro grupo de investigación-acción en Chiapas, México ha identificado al huerto escolar (HE) como un artilugio con potencial para movilizar y educar a diversos sectores alrededor de la agroecología. Desde 2009 nos hemos dedicado a impulsar los HE como espacios de aprendizaje, principalmente por medio de capacitaciones y redes de apoyo para educadores. En el camino, hemos confirmado la tremenda capacidad movilizadora del HE, además de su eficacia para acercar los conocimientos académicos con los conocimientos locales, para mejor la educación en la ciencia y otros campos y para promover la alimentación consciente. A la vez, identificamos un conjunto de retos estructurales, organizativos y pedagógicos que dificultan la implementación y continuidad de programas de HE.

Resumen en inglés

A priority for agroecology is to identify and strengthen strategies for its scaling up and out. A fundamental challenge in these processes is to communicate and teach the complexity of agroecological management. Our action research group in Chiapas, Mexico has identified the school garden (SG) as a strategy with potential to mobilize and educate diverse sectors around agroecology. Since 2009, we have dedicated ourselves to promoting SGs as learning spaces, principally through training and support networks for educators. Along the way, we have confirmed the tremendous mobilizing potential of SGs, as well as their efficacy for building bridges between academic and local knowledge, improving education in science and other fields, and promoting conscientious eating. At the same time, we have identified a set of structural, organizational, and pedagogical challenges to implementation and continuity of SG programs.