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The princeton guide to ecology / Simon A. Levin, editor ; Stephen R. Carpenter ... [et al.], associate editors
Disponible en línea: The princeton guide to ecology.
Levin, Simon A. (ed.) ; Carpenter, Stephen R. (coed.) ; Godfray, H. Charles J. (coed.) ; Kinzig, Ann P. (coed.) ; Loreau, Michel (coed.) ; Losos, Jonathan B. (coed.) ; Walker, Brian (coed.) ; Wilcove, David S. (coed.) ; Morris, Christepher G. (coed.) ;
Princeton : Princeton University Press , c2009
Clasificación: 574.5 / P7
Bibliotecas: San Cristóbal
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010018539 (Prestado)
Disponibles para prestamo: 0
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The Princeton Guide to Ecology is a concise, authoritative one-volume reference to the field's major subjects and key concepts. Edited by eminent ecologist Simon Levin, with contributions from an international team of leading ecologists, the book contains more than ninety clear, accurate, and up-to-date articles on the most important topics within seven major areas: autecology, population ecology, communities and ecosystems, landscapes and the biosphere, conservation biology, ecosystem services, and biosphere management. Complete with more than 200 illustrations (including sixteen pages in color), a glossary of key terms, a chronology of milestones in the field, suggestions for further reading on each topic, and an index, this is an essential volume for undergraduate and graduate students, research ecologists, scientists in related fields, policymakers, and anyone else with a serious interest in ecology. Explains key topics in one concise and authoritative volume Features more than ninety articles written by an international team of leading ecologists Contains more than 200 illustrations, including sixteen pages in color Includes glossary, chronology, suggestions for further reading, and index Covers autecology, population ecology, communities and ecosystems, landscapes and the biosphere, conservation biology, ecosystem services, and biosphere management.


Part I: Autecology
I.1 Ecological Niche
I.2 Physiological Ecology: Animals
I.3 Physiological Ecology: Plants
I.4 Functional Morphology: Muscles, Elastic Mechanisms, and Animal Performance
I.5 Habitat Selection
I.6 Dispersal
I.7 Foraging Behavior
I.8 Social Behavior
I.9 Phenotypic Plasticity
I.10 Life History
I.11 Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems
I.12 Geographic Range
I.13 Adaptation
I.14 Phenotypic Selection
I.15 Population Genetics and Ecology
I.16 Phylogenetics and Comparative Methods
I.17 Microevolution
I.18 Ecological Speciation: Natural Selection and the Formation of New Species
I.19 Adaptive Radiation
Part II: Population Ecology
II.1 Age-Structured and Stage-Structured Population Dynamics
II.2 Density Dependence and Single- Species Population Dynamics
II.3 Biological Chaos and Complex Dynamics
II.4 Metapopulations and Spatial Population Processes
II.5 Competition and Coexistence in Plant Communities
II.6 Competition and Coexistence in Animal Communities
II.7 Predator-Prey Interactions
II.8 Host-Parasitoid Interactions
II.9 Ecological Epidemiology
II.10 Interactions between Plants and Herbivores
II.11 Mutualism and Symbiosis
II.12 Ecology of Microbial Populations
II.13 Coevolution
Part III: Communities and Ecosystems
III.1 Biodiversity: Concepts, Patterns, and Measurement
III.2 Competition, Neutrality, and Community Organization
III.3 Predation and Community Organization
III.4 Facilitation and the Organization of Plant Communities
III.5 Indirect Effects in Communities and Ecosystems: The Role of Trophic and Nontrophic Interactions
III.6 Top-Down and Bottom-Up Regulation of Communities
III.7 The Structure and Stability of Food Webs
III.8 Spatial and Metacommunity Dynamics in Biodiversity
III.9 Ecosystem Productivity and Carbon Flows: Patterns across Ecosystems

III.10 Nutrient Cycling and Biogeochemistry
III.11 Terrestrial Carbon and Biogeochemical Cycles
III.12 Freshwater Carbon and Biogeochemical Cycles
III.13 The Marine Carbon Cycle
III.14 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
III.15 Ecological Stoichiometry
III.16 Macroecological Perspectives on Communities and Ecosystems
III.17 Alternative Stable States and Regime Shifts in Ecosystems
III.18 Responses of Communities and Ecosystems to Global Changes
III.19 Evolution of Communities and Ecosystems
Part IV: Landscapes and the Biosphere
IV.1 Landscape Dynamics
IV.2 Landscape Pattern and Biodiversity
IV.3 Ecological Dynamics in Fragmented Landscapes
IV.4 Biodiversity Patterns in Managed and Natural Landscapes
IV.5 Boundary Dynamics in Landscapes
IV.6 Spatial Patterns of Species Diversity in Terrestrial Environments
IV.7 Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in Landscapes
IV.8 Seascape Patterns and Dynamics of Coral Reefs
IV.9 Seascape Microbial Ecology: Habitat Structure, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Function
IV.10 Spatial Dynamics of Marine Fisheries
Part V: Conservation Biology
V.1 Causes and Consequences of Species Extinctions
V.2 Population Viability Analysis
V.3 Principles of Reserve Design
V.4 Building and Implementing Systems of Conservation Areas
V.5 Marine Conservation
V.6 Conservation and Global Climate Change
V.7 Restoration Ecology
Part VI: Ecosystem Services
VI.1 Ecosystem Services: Issues of Scale and Trade-Offs
VI.2 Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Ecosystem Services
VI.3 Beyond Biodiversity: Other Aspects of Ecological Organization
VI.4 Human-Dominated Systems: Agroecosystems
VI.5 Forests
VI.6 Grasslands
VI.7 Marine Ecosystem Services
VI.8 Provisioning Services: A Focus on Fresh Water
VI.9 Regulating Services: A Focus on Disease Regulation
VI.10 Support Services: A Focus on Genetic Diversity

VI.11 The Economics of Ecosystem Services
VI.12 Technological Substitution and Augmentation of Ecosystem Services
VI.13 Conservation of Ecosystem Services
Part VII: Managing the Biosphere
VII.1 Biological Control: Theory and Practice
VII.2 Fisheries Management
VII.3 Wildlife Management
VII.4 Managing the Global Water System
VII.5 Managing Nutrient Mobilization and Eutrophication
VII.6 Managing Infectious Diseases
VII.7 Agriculture, Land Use, and the Transformation of Planet Earth
VII.8 The Ecology, Economics, and Management of Alien Invasive Species
VII.9 Ecological Economics: Principles of Economic Policy Design for Ecosystem Management
VII.10 Governance and Institutions
VII.11 Assessments: Linking Ecology to Policy
Milestones in Ecology

From populations to ecosystems: theoretical foundations for a new ecological synthesis [Libro electrónico] / Michel Loreau
Loreau, Michel ;
Princeton : Princeton University Press , c2010
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The major subdisciplines of ecology--population ecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology, and evolutionary ecology--have diverged increasingly in recent decades. What is critically needed today is an integrated, real-world approach to ecology that reflects the interdependency of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.From Populations to Ecosystemsproposes an innovative theoretical synthesis that will enable us to advance our fundamental understanding of ecological systems and help us to respond to today's emerging global ecological crisis. Michel Loreau begins by explaining how the principles of population dynamics and ecosystem functioning can be merged. He then addresses key issues in the study of biodiversity and ecosystems, such as functional complementarity, food webs, stability and complexity, material cycling, and metacommunities. Loreau describes the most recent theoretical advances that link the properties of individual populations to the aggregate properties of communities, and the properties of functional groups or trophic levels to the functioning of whole ecosystems, placing special emphasis on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Finally, he turns his attention to the controversial issue of the evolution of entire ecosystems and their properties, laying the theoretical foundations for a genuine evolutionary ecosystem ecology. From Populations to Ecosystemspoints the way to a much-needed synthesis in ecology, one that offers a fuller understanding of ecosystem processes in the natural world.


Preface: On unifying approaches in ecology
Chapter 1.- Population and ecosystem approaches in ecology
Chapter 2.- The maintenance and functional consequences of species diversity
Chapter 3.- Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning
Chapter 4.- Food webs, interaction webs, and ecosystem functioning
Chapter 5.- Stability and complexity of ecosystems: New perspectives on an old debate
Chapter 6.- Material cycling and the overall functioning of ecosystems
Chapter 7.- Spatial dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Metacommunities and meta-ecosystems
Chapter 8.- Evolution of ecosystems and ecosystem properties
Chapter 9.- Postface: toward an integrated, predictive ecology
Back matter

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: synthesis and perspectives / edited by Michel Loreau, Shahid Naeem, Pablo Inchausti
Loreau, Michel (ed.) ; Naeem, Shahid (coed.) ; Inchausti, Pablo (coed.) ;
Oxford : Oxford University Press , c2002
Clasificación: 574.5248 / B56
Bibliotecas: Campeche
SIBE Campeche
ECO040003894 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning has emerged as one of the most exciting and dynamic areas in contemporary ecology. Increasing domination of ecosystems by humans is steadily transforming them into depauperate systems. How will this loss of biodiversity affect the functioning and stability of natural and managed ecosystems? This volume provides the first comprehensive and balanced coverage of recent empirical and theoretical research on this question. It reviews the evidence, provides bases for the resolution of the debate that has divided scientists on these issues, and offers perspectives on how current knowledge can be extended to other ecosystems, other organisms and other spatial and temporal scales. It cuts across the traditional division between community ecology and ecosystem ecology, and announces a new ecological synthesis in which the dynamics of biological diversity and the biogeochemical functioning of the earth system are merged.

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Global distribution of earthworm diversity
Phillips, Helen R. P. (autora) ; Guerra, Carlos A. (autor) ; Bartz, Marie L. C. (coaut.) ; Briones, Maria J. I. (autora) ; Brown, George (autor) ; Crowther, Thomas W. (autor) ; Ferlian, Olga (autora) ; Gongalsky, Konstantin B. (autor) ; van den Hoogen, Johan (autor) ; Krebs, Julia (autora) ; Orgiazzi, Alberto (autor) ; Routh, Devin (autor) ; Schwarz, Benjamin (autor) ; Bach, Elizabeth M. (autora) ; Bennett, Joanne (coaut.) ; Brose, Ulrich (coaut.) ; Decaëns, Thibaud (coaut.) ; König Ries, Birgitta (coaut.) ; Loreau, Michel (autor) ; Mathieu, Jérôme (coaut.) ; Mulder, Christian (coaut.) ; van der Putten, Wim H. (coaut.) ; Ramirez, Kelly S. (coaut.) ; Rillig, Matthias C. (autor) ; Russell, David (autor) ; Rutgers, Michiel (autor) ; Thakur, Madhav P. (coaut.) ; de Vries, Franciska T. (autora) ; Wall, Diana H. (autora) ; Wardle, David A. (autor) ; Arai, Miwa (coaut.) ; Ayuke, Fredrick O. (autor) ; Baker, Geoff H. (coaut.) ; Beauséjour, Robin (autor) ; Bedano, José C. (autor) ; Birkhofer, Klaus (coaut.) ; Blanchart, Eric (autor) ; Blossey, Bernd (autor) ; Bolger, Thomas (autor) ; Bradley, Robert L. (autor) ; Callaham, Mac A. (coaut.) ; Capowiez, Yvan (coaut.) ; Caulfield, Mark E. (coaut.) ; Choi, Amy (coaut.) ; Crotty, Felicity V. (coaut.) ; Dávalos, Andrea (coaut.) ; Díaz Cosin, Darío J. (autor) ; Domínguez, Anahí (autora) ; Duhour, Andrés Esteban (autor) ; van Eekeren, Nick (coaut.) ; Emmerling, Christoph (coaut.) ; Falco, Liliana B. (autora) ; Fernández, Rosa (autora) ; Fonte, Steven J. (coaut.) ; Fragoso González, Carlos Enrique (autor) ; Franco, André L. C. (coaut.) ; Fugère, Martine (coaut.) ; Fusilero, Abegail T. (coaut.) ; Gholami, Shaieste (coaut.) ; Gundale, Michael J. (autor) ; Gutiérrez López, Mónica (autora) ; Hackenberger, Davorka K. (coaut.) ; Hernández, Luis M. (autor) ; Hishi, Takuo (coaut.) ; Holdsworth, Andrew R. (coaut.) ; Holmstrup, Martin (autor) ; Hopfensperger, Kristine (autora) ; Huerta Lwanga, Esperanza (autora) ; Huhta, Veikko (coaut.) ; Hurisso, Tunsisa T. (coaut.) ; Iannone III, Basil V. (coaut.) ; Iordache, Madalina (autora) ; Joschko, Monika (autora) ; Kaneko, Nobuhiro (coaut.) ; Kanianska, Radoslava (coaut.) ; Keith, Aidan M. (coaut.) ; Kelly, Courtland A. (coaut.) ; Kernecker, Maria L. (coaut.) ; Klaminder, Jonatan (autor) ; Koné, Armand W. (autor) ; Kooch, Yahya (coaut.) ; Kukkonen, Sanna T. (coaut.) ; Lalthanzara, H. (coaut.) ; Lammel, Daniel R. (autor) ; Lebedev, Iurii M. (coaut.) ; Li, Yiqing (coaut.) ; Lidon, Juan B. Jesús (autor) ; Lincoln, Noa K. (coaut.) ; Loss, Scott R. (coaut.) ; Marichal, Raphael (autor) ; Matula, Radim (coaut.) ; Moos, Jan Hendrik (autor) ; Moreno, Gerardo (autor) ; Morón Ríos, Alejandro (autor) (1960-) ; Muys, Bart (coaut.) ; Neirynck, Johan (autor) ; Norgrove, Lindsey (coaut.) ; Novo, Marta (autora) ; Nuutinen, Visa (coaut.) ; Nuzzo, Victoria (autora) ; Mujeeb Rahman P. (coaut.) ; Pansu, Johan (autor) ; Paudel, Shishi (coaut.) ; Pérès, Guénola (coaut.) ; Pérez Camacho, Lorenzo (autor) ; Piñeiro, Raúl (autor) ; Ponge, Jean François (autor) ; Rashid, Muhammad Imtiaz (coaut.) ; Rebollo, Salvador (autor) ; Rodeiro Iglesias, Javier (autor) ; Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel (autor) ; Roth, Alexander M. (autor) ; Rousseau, Guillaume X. (coaut.) ; Rozen, Anna (autora) ; Sayad, Ehsa (autora) ; van Schaik, Loes (coaut.) ; Scharenbroch, Bryant C. (coaut.) ; Schirrmann, Michael (autor) ; Schmid, Olaf (coaut.) ; Schröder, Boris (coaut.) ; Seeber, Julia (autora) ; Shashkov, Maxim P. (coaut.) ; Singh, Jaswinder (coaut.) ; Smith, Sandy M. (coaut.) ; Steinwandter, Michael (autor) ; Talavera, José A. (autor) ; Trigo, Dolores (autora) ; Tsukamoto, Jiro (coaut.) ; de Valença, Anne W. (coaut.) ; Vanek, Steven J. (coaut.) ; Virto, Iñigo (autor) ; Wackett, Adrian A. (autor) ; Warren, Matthew W. (coaut.) ; Wehr, Nathaniel H. (coaut.) ; Whalen, Joann K. (coaut.) ; Wironen, Michael B. (coaut.) ; Wolters, Volkmar (coaut.) ; Zenkova, Irina V. (autora) ; Zhang, Weixin (coaut.) ; Cameron, Erin K. (autor) ; Eisenhauer, Nico (autor) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Science Vol. 366, no. 6464 (October 2019), p. 480–485 ISSN: 1095-9203
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Soil organisms, including earthworms, are a key component of terrestrial ecosystems. However, little is known about their diversity, their distribution, and the threats affecting them. We compiled a global dataset of sampled earthworm communities from 6928 sites in 57 countries as a basis for predicting patterns in earthworm diversity, abundance, and biomass. We found that local species richness and abundance typically peaked at higher latitudes, displaying patterns opposite to those observed in aboveground organisms. However, high species dissimilarity across tropical locations may cause diversity across the entirety of the tropics to be higher than elsewhere. Climate variables were found to be more important in shaping earthworm communities than soil properties or habitat cover. These findings suggest that climate change may have serious implications for earthworm communities and for the functions they provide.