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41 resultados encontrados para: AUTOR: Radel, Claudia
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1.
- Libro con arbitraje
Land change science, political ecology, and sustainability: synergies and divergences / edited by Christian Brannstrom and Jacqueline M. Vadjunec
Brannstrom, Christian (ed.) ; Vadjunec, Jacqueline Michelle (coed.) (1974-) ;
London, England : Routledge , c2013
Clasificación: 304.2 / L3
Bibliotecas: Chetumal , San Cristóbal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030008178 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Cerrar
SIBE San Cristóbal
ECO010017643 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Recent claims regarding convergence and divergence between land change science and political ecology as approaches to the study of human-environment relationships and sustainability science are examined and analyzed in this innovative volume. Comprised of 11 commissioned chapters as well as introductory and concluding/synthesis chapters, it advances the two fields by proposing new conceptual and methodological approaches toward integrating land change science and political ecology. The book also identifies areas of fundamental difference and disagreement between fields. These theoretical contributions will help a generation of young researchers refine their research approaches and will advance a debate among established scholars in geography, land-use studies, and sustainability science that has been developing since the early 2000s. At an empirical level, case studies focusing on sustainable development are included from Africa, Central and South America, and Southeast Asia. The specific topics addressed include tropical deforestation, swidden agriculture, mangrove forests, gender, and household issues.

Índice

List of Figures
List of Tables
Notes on Contributors
Foreword
Preface
1. Notes for Avoiding a Missed Opportunity in Sustainability Science: Integrating Land Change Science and Political Ecology
2. The Ghost of von Thünen Lives: A Political Ecology of the Disappearance of the Amazonian Forest
3. Forest Transitions in Southeast Asia: Synergies and Shortcomings in Land Change Science and Political Ecology
4. Politicizing Land Use Change in Highland Madagascar: Struggles with Air Photo Analyses and Conservation Agendas
5. Producing Biodiversity in Tanzania’s Mangrove Forests? A Combined Political Ecology and Ecological Resilience Approach to "Sustainably Utilized Landscapes"
6. Gender, the Household, and Land Change in Southeastern Mexico
7. Border Integrations: The Fusion of Political Ecology and Land Change Science to Inform and Contest Transboundary Integration in Amazonia
8. Political Ecology and Land Change Science in the Study of Infrastructure Impacts: The Case of the Southwestern Amazon
9. Deforestation and the World-as-Representation: The Maya Forest of Southern Belize
10. Shifting Spaces and Hidden Landscapes in Rural South Africa
11. Political Ecology, Land Change Science and the Political Economy of Nature
12. The Intersection of Independent Lies: Land Change Science and Political Ecology
13. Two-Way Traffic across a Porous Border
Index


2.
- Artículo con arbitraje
The slow displacement of Smallholder farming families: land, hunger, and labor migration in Nicaragua and Guatemala
Carte, Lindsey ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (coaut.) ; Radel, Claudia (coaut.) ; Johnson, Richard (coaut.) ;
Contenido en: Land Vol. 8, no. 6 (June 2019), p. 985-996 ISSN: 2007-901X
PDF PDF
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Smallholders worldwide continue to experience processes of displacement from their lands under neoliberal political-economic governance. This displacement is often experienced as “slow”, driven by decades of agricultural policies and land governance regimes that favor input-intensive agricultural and natural resource extraction and export projects at the expense of traditional agrarian practices, markets, and producers. Smallholders struggle to remain viable in the face of these forces, yet they often experience hunger. To persist on the land, often on small parcels, families supplement and finance farm production with family members engaging in labor migration, a form of displacement. Outcomes, however, are uneven and reflect differences in migration processes as well as national and local political economic processes around land. To demonstrate “slow displacement”, we assess the prolonged confluence of land access, hunger, and labor migration that undermine smallholder viability in two separate research sites in Nicaragua and Guatemala. We draw on evidence from in-depth interviews and focus groups carried out from 2013 to 2015, together with a survey of 317 households, to demonstrate how smallholders use international labor migration to address persistent hunger, with the two cases illuminating the centrality of underlying land distribution questions in labor migration from rural spaces of Central America. We argue that smallholder farming family migration has a dual nature: migration is at once evidence of displacement, as well as a strategy for families to prolong remaining on the land in order to produce food.


3.
- Artículo con arbitraje
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Subsistence migration: Smallholder food security and the maintenance of agriculture through mobility in Nicaragua
Carte, Lindsey (autora) ; Radel, Claudia (autora) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (autora) ;
Contenido en: Geographical Journal Vol. 185, no. 2 (June 2019), p. 180-193 ISSN: 1475-4959
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Research on Central American migration has revealed the importance of journeys to the global North for rural sending communities. The outcomes of south–south journeys to nearby countries are less explored, although they are commonplace. We examine Nicaraguan rural residents’ migration to other Central American countries, especially El Salvador, to understand this migration's impacts on agricultural systems and food security. Based on mixed‐methods fieldwork in north‐western Nicaragua, we find that rather than produce remittance landscapes, or an abandonment of agriculture, south–south migration is linked to the maintenance of small‐scale agricultural systems and thus food production. “Subsistence migration,” or mobility to maintain small‐scale agriculture as a food security strategy, draws attention to how these less explored forms of migration in Central America help families to persist in agriculture in a context of worsening environmental and structural conditions.


4.
Libro
Ester boserup's legacy on sustainability: orientations for contemporary research / Marina Fischer Kowalski, Anette Reenberg, Anke Schaffartzik, Andreas Mayer, editors
Fischer Kowalski, Marina (ed.) ; Reenberg, Anette (coed.) ; Schaffartzik, Anke (coed.) ; Mayer, Andreas (coed.) ;
New York, New York, United States : Springer Press , 2014
Clasificación: 304.2 / E88
Bibliotecas: Chetumal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030008164 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Índice | Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability. The contents are organized in three sections reflecting important focal points of Boserup’s own work: Long-Term Socio-Ecological Change; Agriculture, Land Use, and Development; and Gender, Population, and Economy. The first three chapters offer a comprehensive review of her political and scientific work. Section Two focuses on the applicability of Boserup’s reflections on land use, technology, and agriculture, incorporating case studies which illuminate and test Boserup’s hypotheses on land use intensification and soil degradation, the impact of population growth on land use, the agricultural transition, and the role of women in development. The case studies examine both long historical time series and present-day dynamics, and explore different levels of geographical scale, from the local to the regional and the global. Section Three emphasizes the key role of women and gender relations for agriculture and development. Together, the 15 chapters in this volume show how the main strands of Boserup’s theories are reflected in contemporary research. In sum, the diversity of the contributions to this book reflects the continuing impact of Ester Boserup’s work on scientific research today, and its likely influence on research for years to come.

Índice

Part I Ester Boserup’s Intellectual Heritage
1. Ester Boserup: An Interdisciplinary Visionary Relevant for Sustainability
2. “Finding Out Is My Life”: Conversations with Ester Boserup in the 1990s
3. Boserup’s Theory on Technological Change as a Point of Departure for the Theory of Sociometabolic Regime Transitions
Part II Land Use, Technology and Agriculture
4. The Dwindling Role of Population Pressure in Land Use Change—a Case from the South West Pacific
5. Conceptual and Empirical Approaches to Mapping and Quantifying Land-Use Intensity
6. Malthusian Assumptions, Boserupian Response in Transition to Agriculture Models
7. Reconciling Boserup with Malthus: Agrarian Change and Soil Degradation in Olive Orchards in Spain (1750–2000)
8. Beyond Boserup: The Role of Working Time in Agricultural Development
Part III Population and Gender
9. Following Boserup’s Traces: From Invisibility to Informalisation of Women’s Economy to Engendering Development in Translocal Spaces
10. Daughters of the Hills: Gendered Agricultural Production, Modernisation, and Declining Child Sex Ratios in the Indian Central Himalayas
11. Revisiting Boserup’s Hypotheses in the Context of Africa
12. An Interpretation of Large-Scale Land Deals Using Boserup’s Theories of Agricultural Intensification, Gender and Rural Development
13. Labour Migration and Gendered Agricultural Asset Shifts in Southeastern Mexico: Two Stories of Farming Wives and Daughters
14. Working Time of Farm Women and Small-Scale Sustainable Farming in Austria
15. A Human Ecological Approach to Ester Boserup: Steps Towards Engendering Agriculture and Rural Development
16. Conclusions: Re-Evaluating Boserup in the Light of the Contributions to this Volume
Bibliography


5.
Artículo
Living smallholder vulnerability: the everyday experience of y climate change in Calakmul, Mexico
Green, Lisa (autora) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (autora) ; Radel, Claudia (autora) ; Márdero Jiménez, Silvia Sofía (autora) ;
Disponible en línea
Contenido en: Journal of Latin American Geography Volumen 19, número 2, artículo 6 (March 2020), páginas 1-44 ISSN: 1548-5811
Resumen en español

Si bien la academia ha reconocido que la vulnerabilidad de individuos y comunidades al cambio climático es altamente influenciada por su estatus social, las políticas públicas siguen partiendo frecuentemente del supuesto de comunidades agrícolas homogéneas. Sin embargo, los residentes experimentan su propia vulnerabilidad de manera individual. Nuestra investigación exploró cómo los residentes de Calakmul, México, percibieron y se desenvolvieron frente a su propia vulnerabilidad al cambio climático. Cincuenta y cinco entrevistas semiestructuradas en 2013 y cuarenta y tres entrevistas de seguimiento en 2016 proporcionan información sobre la percepción de los efectos del cambio climático en sus modos de vida, actividades, salud y la escasez de alimentos. El análisis se centró en los patrones de la vida diaria de los residentes, en las experiencias vividas, y en cómo esto varía entre comunidades, hogares e individuos. La situación de cada comunidad y el acceso a los distintos recursos, así como las variaciones en las actividades de subsistencia y otras circunstancias configuraron el sentido de vulnerabilidad de los entrevistados. Además, los residentes informaron una variedad de opciones para hacer frente a los efectos del cambio climático, la mayoría de las cuales requerían aportaciones en efectivo. Sin embargo, informaron que las oportunidades normales de obtener dinero en efectivo a través del trabajo asalariado agrícola también se han visto reducidas por el cambio climático.

Resumen en inglés

Despite established science on climate change vulnerability as mediated by social status, policy discussions of climate change vulnerabilities often still treat smallholder farming communities as largely undifferentiated. Residents themselves, however, experience their own vulnerability in the context of their individual lives. Our research explored how residents of Calakmul, Mexico, perceived and experienced their own vulnerability to climate change. Fifty-five semi-structured interviews in 2013 and forty-three follow-up interviews in 2016 provide data on perceived effects of climate-related stressors on their livelihood activities, health, and experiences of hunger. Analysis focused on patterns in residents’ everyday, lived experiences and on variation among individuals and families. Community status and associated resource access, variations in livelihood activities, and other situational aspects shaped interviewees’ sense of their own vulnerabilities. In addition, residents reported a variety of options for coping with the effects of climate change, most of which required cash inputs. Yet they also reported that normal opportunities for obtaining cash through agricultural wage labor were likewise curtailed by climate change.


6.
- Tesis
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7.
Artículo
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Migration matters: how migration is critical to contemporary human–environment geography
Jokisch, Brad D. (autor) ; Radel, Claudia (autora) ; Carte, Lindsey (autora) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (autora) ;
Contenido en: Geography Compass Vol. 13, no 8, e12460 (2019), p. 1-17 ISSN: 1749-8198
Nota: Solicítelo con su bibliotecario/a
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Human migration plays a critical role in numerous contemporary environmental concerns including global climate change and environmental justice. This review characterizes the ways migration is critical to contemporary human–environment geography. We delineate four themes from the literature based on (a) how migration affects the environment; (b) how the environment and/or environmental events affect migration; (c) how migration produces uneven environmental benefits and burdens; and (d) how environmental displacement/dispossession produces migration andvice versa. We articulate five recommendations for aresearch agenda that integrates migration processes, recognizes migration as a heterogeneous process, and approaches human–environment interactions holisticallyand non-deterministically.


8.
Artículo
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Shifting cultivators depend on forest biomass inputs to nourish their crops. For them, forest resilience has an immediate impact: it affects crop productivity. A decline in the rate of recovery following shifting cultivation would ultimately affect local, regional and global carbon budgets, with feedbacks to climate. Yet the long-term impacts of shifting cultivation have been quantified in only six locations. In this study, we reanalyze data from these locations to determine whether the rate of biomass recovery is the same from cycle to cycle. Further, using case studies in Southern Yucatan, Mexico and West Kalimantan, Indonesia, we investigate the ecological and socioeconomic factors that affect forest resilience and thus determine whether or not shifting cultivation is sustainable. The reanalysis links aboveground biomass recovery following shifting cultivation to site productivity, forest age, fallow length, history of cultivation, and soil texture. Across locations, biomass accumulation rate declines by 9.3 percent with each cycle of shifting cultivation. Per cycle change in biomass accumulation rate is significantly more negative in younger forests and forests that experience a shorter fallow period. However, more detailed analyses for two case studies suggest that a purely ecological framework is of limited effectiveness in explaining variability in the effect of repeated shifting cultivation. Rather, socioeconomic factors such as migration, subsidies, roads, and settlement history can alter the outcome of shifting cultivation by limiting the accumulation and use of local knowledge.


9.
- Artículo con arbitraje
Gendered mobility and morality in a south-eastern mexican community: impacts of male labour migration on the women left behind
McEvoy, Jamie ; Petrzelka, Peggy (coaut.) ; Radel, Claudia (coaut.) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (coaut.) ;
Clasificación: AR/304.8097264 / G4
Contenido en: Mobilities Vol. 7, no. 3 (September, 2012), p. 369-388 ISSN: 1745-0101
Bibliotecas: Chetumal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030007632 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
Resumen en: Inglés |
Resumen en inglés

Based on research conducted in a migrant-sending community in south-eastern Mexico, we find that male out-migration has forced women to take on labour tasks that are associated with new spatial and mobility patterns. While these patterns have potential for increased empowerment for women, they also call the women’s morality into question, resulting in a policing of the women’s behaviour, and a simultaneous restriction of their mobility, by themselves and others. Therefore, we find male labour out-migration has resulted in contradictory changes in women’s mobility, with ambiguous results for women’s gender empowerment.


10.
Tesis - Doctorado
Cambio climático y políticas públicas sobre la producción de maíz en la Península de Yucatán / Silvia Sofía Márdero Jiménez
Márdero Jiménez, Silvia Sofía (autora) ; Schmook, Birgit Inge (directora) ; Radel, Claudia (asesora) ; Mariaca Méndez, Ramón (asesor) (1960-) ; Christman, Zachary John (asesor) ;
Chetumal, Quintana Roo, México : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur , 2018
Clasificación: TE/574.522209727 / M3
Bibliotecas: Chetumal
Cerrar
SIBE Chetumal
ECO030008771 (Disponible)
Disponibles para prestamo: 1
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Índice | Resumen en: Español |
Resumen en español

El maíz es la base de la alimentación en México, y la reciente intensificación de la variabilidad climática, en combinación con otras fuerzas no climáticas, ha dificultado la producción, especialmente para los pequeños agricultores. Las temperaturas y la precipitación han sido modificadas por los cambios climáticos recientes, exacerbando las dificultades ya impuestas a la agricultura tradicional mexicana por la política agrícola neoliberal. Este investigación muestra la influencia de dichos factores en las tendencias de producción de maíz en los tres estados de la Península de Yucatán utilizando un enfoque de métodos mixtos: análisis climáticos y entrevistas semiestructuradas. Análisis de tendencias climáticas y modelos aditivos generalizados (GAM) demuestran las relaciones entre la producción y la variabilidad climática, de 1980–2010 a nivel estatal; además otros seis métodos fueron utilizados (prueba de Mann-Kendall, enfoque fuzzy-logic, índice GINI, Índice de Concentración de Precipitación (PCI), Índice de intensidad de Precipitación Simple (SDII) e Índice de Anomalía de Precipitación (RAI)) para analizar más profundamente los patrones de distribución e intensidad de la precipitación, utilizando el municipio de Calakmul como área piloto. Los datos de cuarenta entrevistas con funcionarios gubernamentales y representantes de asociaciones de agricultores resaltan la influencia de la política agrícola en la producción de maíz en la región.

El análisis de tendencias climáticas mostró una disminución de precipitación solo para Quintana Roo y una variabilidad en las temperaturas máximas en la región, aumentando en el estado de Yucatán y Quintana Roo, disminuyendo en Campeche. Los GAM indican una fuerte relación entre las tendencias de producción y las tendencias climáticas para Campeche (79%) y Quintana Roo 6 (72%), y una relación más débil para el estado de Yucatán (31%). Las tendencias de precipitación en Calakmul indican un ligero aumento, sin embargo, los resultados de los índices (GINI, SDII, PCI) muestran que la distribución de las lluvias se ha concentrado más, y se han vuelto más intensas, con mayor variabilidad interanual, que sugiere que la región de Calakmul está experimentando patrones de precipitación más extremos que antes. Derivado de las entrevistas, los informantes identificaron la variabilidad de la precipitación y las políticas públicas ineficaces como principales obstáculos para la producción de maíz y para el desarrollo agrícola de los pequeños agricultores, incluido el diseño inadecuado de los programas agrícolas, apoyos inconsistentes y mala organización de los agricultores. Al caracterizar cómo el cambio climático y las políticas agrícolas concurrentes se combinan para influir en la producción de maíz, esta investigación puede proporcionar información a los tomadores de decisiones, para un diseño e implementación de políticas más apropiadas.

Índice

I. Introducción
I.I Cambio Climático
I.II Cambio Climático y Agricultura
I.V Doble exposición
V. Políticas Públicas de acción al CC
VI. Marco Teórico Metodológico
VII. Objetivos
VIII. Hipótesis
II. Capítulo I
El Maíz en México: La Milpa y las Políticas Agrícolas
III. Capítulo II
Artículo: The Uneven Influence of Climate Trends and Agricultural Policies on Maize Production in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
IV. Capítulo III
Distribución e intensidad de la precipitación
Artículo: Recent disruptions in the timing and intensity of precipitation in Calakmul, Mexico
V. Discusión
VI. Conclusiones Generales
VII. Lista de Referencias